blog posts Illinois language justice collective helping to preserve Indigenous Mayan languages Aug 30, 2022 2:00 pm1014 views An Indigenous languages collective at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign is helping local Maya learn to read and write Q’anjob’al and working with interpreters for the community. Study: Slogans protesting federal COVID-19 vaccine mandate displayed three themes Aug 26, 2022 9:00 am899 views U. of I. sociology professor Tim Liao's analysis of the protest slogans about the federal COVID-19 vaccine-or-test mandate in November 2021 found three distinct themes. Study: Holocaust Museum motivates visitors to create social change Aug 15, 2022 9:45 am1442 views New research suggests that exploring one of the darkest chapters in mankind’s history – the Holocaust – may inspire tourists to act on human rights and social change. Study links protecting Indigenous peoples' lands to greater nonhuman primate biodiversity Aug 10, 2022 1:00 pm1006 views By comparing geographic patterns of nonhuman primate biodiversity and human land-use, researchers discovered that areas managed or controlled by Indigenous peoples tend to have significantly more primate biodiversity than nearby regions. They also found that lorises, tarsiers, monkeys and apes whose territories overlap with Indigenous areas are less likely to be classified as vulnerable, threatened or endangered than those living fully outside Indigenous lands. Study links insulin resistance, advanced cell aging with childhood poverty Jul 25, 2022 12:15 pm636 views Black adolescents who lived in poverty as children and were pessimistic about their future had accelerated immune cell aging and greater levels of insulin resistance in their mid- to late twenties, according to a study by Allen W. Barton, a professor of human development and family studies. North 'plaza' in Cahokia was likely inundated year-round, study finds Jul 21, 2022 8:00 am2406 views The ancient North American city of Cahokia had as its focal point a feature now known as Monks Mound, a giant earthwork surrounded on its north, south, east and west by large rectangular open areas. These flat zones, called plazas by archaeologists since the early 1960s, were thought to serve as communal areas that served the many mounds and structures of the city. New paleoenvironmental analyses of the north plaza suggest it was almost always underwater, calling into question earlier interpretations of the north plaza’s role in Cahokian society. The study is reported in the journal World Archaeology. Poor diet, household chaos may impair young children’s cognitive skills Jul 12, 2022 1:30 pm7692 views Young children’s development of the higher-level cognitive skills called executive function may be adversely affected by household chaos and poor nutrition, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign scholars found. Study examines pandemic’s impact on volunteer health care workers Jul 12, 2022 1:00 pm462 views Having high levels of compassion satisfaction buffered some temporary medical workers at a New York field hospital from stress disorders during the early days of the pandemic, a new study found. Book examines role of racial justice work in progressive policy changes Jul 11, 2022 9:30 am302 views Grassroots organizing efforts strengthen their campaigns for economic policy changes by collaborating with racial justice groups, says urban planning professor Marc Doussard in his new book “Justice at Work: The Rise of Economic and Racial Justice Coalitions in Cities.” Study examined COVID-19 policies' effects on people with disabilities Jun 20, 2022 12:00 pm508 views The closures of gyms and other facilities to contain COVID-19 negatively affected the mental and physical health of some people with disabilities, researchers at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign found. Staring at yourself during virtual chats may worsen your mood, research finds Jun 13, 2022 1:00 pm1466 views A new study finds that the more a person stares at themself while talking with a partner in an online chat, the more their mood degrades over the course of the conversation. Alcohol use appears to worsen the problem, the researchers found. Reported in the journal Clinical Psychological Science, the findings point to a potentially problematic role of online meeting platforms in exacerbating psychological problems like anxiety and depression, the researchers said. Older Latinos redefine family to include friends, neighbors, other community members Apr 28, 2022 1:00 pm425 views Latinos view the support of friends and neighbors as so vital to their well-being in later life that they redefine these relationships as family, researchers say in a new study that explored older Latinos’ perspectives on positive aging. Parents' reactions while helping with math shape young children's achievement Apr 25, 2022 10:30 am4867 views Cultivating a love of math – and inspiring the next generation of numbers-oriented professionals – may start with activities that promote enjoyable parent-child experiences, say U. of I. researchers. Study examines impact of DNA evidence in sexual assault prosecutions Apr 7, 2022 8:00 am900 views DNA evidence has a dramatic relationship with sexual assault prosecutions and convictions, says a new study of one city's data co-written by U. of I. senior research specialist and social work professor Ted Cross. How does Russian invasion exacerbate Ukraine's humanitarian crisis? Mar 29, 2022 11:45 am540 views The damage sustained by Ukraine will require years of rebuilding efforts, says Illinois sociology professor and demographer Cynthia Buckley. Can historical racism in medicine help explain current racial differences in medical care? Mar 22, 2022 8:00 am965 views Acquiring new medical knowledge and assessing health are not as objective as people think, said history professor Rana Hogarth, who is the adviser for a new series of podcasts by the Science History Institute in Philadelphia to explore issues of racism in science and medicine. Study ties present-day Native American tribe to ancestors in San Francisco Bay Area Mar 21, 2022 2:00 pm1736 views A genomic study of Native peoples in the San Francisco Bay Area finds that eight present-day members of the Muwekma Ohlone Tribe share ancestry with 12 individuals who lived in the region several hundred to 2,000 years ago. Project helps East St. Louis residents overcome barriers to COVID-19 testing, vaccination Mar 11, 2022 8:15 am1218 views A project that is underway in East St. Louis, Illinois, is investigating strategies for overcoming barriers to COVID-19 testing and vaccination among more than 548 medically and socially vulnerable residents of St. Clair County. Vigilantism is an identity for some people, researchers report Mar 10, 2022 8:15 am1729 views A new study finds that some people routinely monitor the behavior of others and are eager to punish those who violate laws or societal norms, especially when they believe authorities have failed to do so. These self-appointed enforcers willingly embrace the job of keeping order, aren’t particularly concerned about accidentally punishing innocent people, and consider themselves kind and moral actors, the researchers found. Private investment in California's solar energy industry increases climate vulnerabilities, study finds Mar 9, 2022 10:30 am1724 views The large-scale infrastructure needed to attract private investment in solar energy makes it more vulnerable to climate extremes, said urban and regional planning professor Sean Kennedy. Study examines accuracy of arrest data in FBI's NIBRS crime database Feb 18, 2022 1:15 pm734 views A study of one state's arrest data in the FBI's NIBRS database found that while the majority of the cases were correct, the timings of arrests and other factors may lead to inaccuracies. Study: High COVID-19 rates in older Latinos linked with economics, outside help Feb 9, 2022 8:15 am492 views Financial hardship and outside help were significantly associated with COVID-19 diagnoses among older Latinos, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign social work professor Lissette Piedra and her team found. Study: Lower acculturation linked with poorer cognitive function in older Hispanics Feb 9, 2022 8:00 am924 views A new study on culture and cognition found that long-term Hispanic immigrants who were less acculturated to the U.S. performed significantly worse on cognitive function tests than their highly acculturated peers. Study: Brain mechanisms involved in learning also drive social conformity Dec 21, 2021 8:00 am3197 views Some of the same brain systems known to play a role in learning from trial and error also are engaged when people conform to social norms, scientists report in a new study. The findings are important, the researchers said, because changing one’s behavior to align with one’s peers can contribute to community-building or – depending on the goals and values of the group – societal breakdown. New book examines the evolution of academic freedom at the U of I Nov 29, 2021 1:45 pm1369 views A new book, "Dangerous Ideas on Campus: Sex, Conspiracy and Academic Freedom in the Age of JFK," explores how the prevailing moral values of the 1960s affected protections for scholars at the U. of I. Illinois schools sought to participate in 2022 Illinois Youth Survey Nov 17, 2021 7:00 am627 views Middle and high schools in Illinois are invited to participate in the 2022 Illinois Youth Survey, an online anonymous survey that assesses alcohol, drug and tobacco use among eighth, 10th and 12th grade students. Report: Extending child tax credit program offers many benefits for struggling families Nov 11, 2021 8:45 am635 views Expanding the child care tax credit beyond 2021 could have significant economic and other benefits for vulnerable families, according to a report by scholars with the Project for Middle Class Renewal. Task force calls for changes in juvenile detention policies for children ages 10-12 Nov 3, 2021 8:15 am819 views A report based on data from the Juvenile Monitoring Information System at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign sparked changes in one juvenile detention center's practices. Scientists look beyond the individual brain to study the collective mind Oct 21, 2021 11:30 am1445 views In a new paper, scientists suggest that efforts to understand human cognition should expand beyond the study of individual brains. They call on neuroscientists to incorporate evidence from social science disciplines to better understand how people think. Study reconstructs 232-year history of prairie fire in Midwestern US Oct 19, 2021 10:30 am3869 views Researchers combed through thousands of historical documents for first-person accounts of fires occurring between 1673 and 1905 in the Midwestern tallgrass prairie. Their study is the first systematic analysis of the timing, causes and consequences of prairie fires in this part of the world. Patients view perinatal depression screenings as ineffective, study finds Oct 13, 2021 9:00 am912 views A standardized protocol and patient-centered approach are needed to improve perinatal depression screenings so patients feel the screenings are useful and effective, a new study found. New book explores political secrecy among ordinary Americans in today's divisive culture Oct 6, 2021 9:45 am507 views U. of I. professsor of communication Emily Van Duyn examines political secrecy among ordinary Americans in the new book “Democracy Lives in Darkness: How and Why People Keep Their Politics a Secret." Media advisory: Kevin Leicht to testify before congressional subcommittee about disinformation Sep 27, 2021 11:45 am402 views Sociology professor Kevin Leicht to testify before congressional subcommittee about the effects of social media disinformation in fomenting distrust of scientists, particularly in regard to COVID-19 vaccines. Is the new Illinois state legislative district map fair? Aug 27, 2021 8:00 am1178 views The state legislative district map that was signed into law earlier this summer by Illinois Gov. J.B. Pritzker was based on population estimates rather than official U.S. Census data, rendering it vulnerable to legal challenges, said University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign political science professor Brian Gaines. Latinos' beliefs about social status may affect their cardiovascular health, study finds Aug 19, 2021 8:45 am683 views Subjective perceptions of their social status may have stronger effects on the cardiovascular health of Hispanics and Latinos in the U.S. than objective markers such as income, according to a new study led by Lissette Piedra. Illinois history professor examines Japan's relationships with its rivers Aug 18, 2021 9:15 am482 views History professor Roderick Wilson looks at how the interactions between rivers, society and government helped shape Japan’s modern transformation. New book contends that local newspapers bear brunt of news media's increasing elitism Jul 6, 2021 11:15 am1448 views A new book by University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign journalism professor Nikki Usher examines the market failure of local newspapers in the context of larger U.S. problems such as rising social inequality, geographic polarization and political discord. In “News for the Rich, White, and Blue: How Place and Power Distort American Journalism,” Usher posits that newspapers are becoming more focused on serving wealthy, white and politically liberal news consumers. Where have all the entry-level professional jobs gone? Jul 1, 2021 8:15 am1055 views Various economic and political forces are reducing job opportunities for new professionals and discouraging some entering these fields or staying in the U.S. after they earn their degrees, says sociology professor Kevin Leicht. Model helps predict, analyze decision-making on adopting Type 2 diabetes medical guidelines Jun 14, 2021 8:45 am986 views A new computational framework incorporates social interactions to analyze how best to communicate about new medical guidelines to encourage their adoption. What does the Chicago Tribune sale mean for the future of newsrooms? Jun 2, 2021 8:00 am1591 views As more newspapers are purchased by “vulture” hedge funds – highlighted by the recent acquisition of Tribune Publishing Co. by Alden Global Capital LLC – University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign journalism professor Brant Houston touts nonprofit news organizations as a viable alternative to traditional newspaper business models. Youths with diverse gender identities bullied up to three times more often than peers, study finds May 12, 2021 9:15 am1453 views Transgender youths are victimized as much as three times more often than students who identify as male or female, according to a study led by University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign social work professor Rachel Garthe. Intoxication brings strangers physically closer, study finds May 10, 2021 2:00 pm1000 views In a study with pandemic-related implications, researchers report that strangers who consume alcohol together may keep their distance initially – but draw physically closer as they become intoxicated. No previous studies have tested the effects of alcohol consumption on social distance, the researchers say. They report the new findings in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. People of color hardest hit by air pollution from nearly all sources Apr 28, 2021 1:00 pm1116 views Various studies show that people of color are disproportionately exposed to air pollution in the United States. However, it was unclear whether this unequal exposure is due mainly to a few types of emission sources or whether the causes are more systemic. A new study that models peoples’ exposure to air pollution – resolved by race-ethnicity and income level – shows that exposure disparities among people of color and white people are driven by nearly all, rather than only a few, emission source types. Is it time to get rid of the filibuster in the US Senate? Apr 28, 2021 8:00 am800 views Although it’s been weakened over the years, the mere threat of a legislative filibuster in the U.S. Senate still provides swing-vote senators with a number of tactical advantages in the form of leverage, bargaining power and media attention, said U. of I. political science professor Gisela Sin. Geographies of death: Study maps COVID-19 health disparities in Greater Santiago Apr 27, 2021 9:00 am435 views People up to age 40 living in economically depressed municipalities in the Greater Santiago, Chile, metropolitan area were three times more likely to die as a result of the infection than their counterparts in wealthier areas, researchers report in the journal Science. COVID-19 mobility restrictions effective for short duration, study finds Apr 22, 2021 12:00 pm701 views Attempts at restricting people’s mobility to control the spread of COVID-19 may be effective only for a short period, researchers said. A new study examines people’s mobility for seven months during the pandemic in the United States using publicly available, anonymized mobile phone data. How are social media changing higher education? Apr 22, 2021 8:00 am1557 views Fear of reprisals from outraged parties on social media and unspoken rules about acceptable discourse on college campuses constrain what faculty members teach, research and discuss, says sociology professor Ilana Redstone. Social comparisons with similar people determine income's effect on happiness Apr 12, 2021 2:15 pm626 views It’s the ability to compare ourselves with people of similar backgrounds who earn more and others who earn less that determines our level of happiness in states that have high wealth inequality, U. of I. sociologist Tim Liao found. Young adults may provide care for older relatives much more frequently than thought Apr 12, 2021 9:30 am747 views Young adults and teens may provide care for adult relatives much more often than previously thought, according to a new study, though they worry about detriments to educational or career goals and would like more training and support. Partisan media sites may not sway opinions, but erode trust in mainstream press Mar 29, 2021 11:15 am863 views A study of 1,037 internet users during the 2018-19 U.S. midterm election found that partisan media don't change readers’ politics but can undermine their trust in the mainstream press.