blog posts Wrongful conviction course now required for all police recruits in Illinois Feb 1, 2023 9:00 am871 views Starting in 2023, all police recruits in the state of Illinois must take a Wrongful Conviction Awareness and Avoidance course as part of their training. This course was first developed by University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign Police Training Institute director Michael Schlosser with leaders of the Illinois Innocence Project at the University of Illinois Springfield. The course impresses upon new recruits the importance of carefully gathering and analyzing evidence in investigations and not jumping to conclusions about potential suspects. It offers real-world examples of the harm that accrues from wrongful convictions, including a presentation from an exoneree. Paper: New law and regulations may diminish appeal of certain retirement accounts Jan 30, 2023 8:00 am302 views A new law and regulations affecting inherited retirement accounts could create hefty taxation issues for some beneficiaries, says Richard L. Kaplan, the Guy Raymond Jones Chair in Law at Illinois and an expert on U.S. tax policy and retirement issues. Paper: California's proposal to manufacture insulin could curb prices, improve public health Jan 24, 2023 8:00 am423 views A new paper co-written by University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign legal scholar Jacob S. Sherkow argues that the state of California’s proposal to manufacture and distribute insulin at cost could be a game-changer for curbing out-of-control price increases and a boon to public health. What's the significance of the Respect for Marriage Act? Jan 17, 2023 8:00 am483 views The bipartisan Respect for Marriage Act requires states to recognize same-sex marriages while balancing the interests of religious groups, says Robin Fretwell Wilson, the director of the Institute of Government and Public Affairs and the Mildred Van Voorhis Jones Chair in Law at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. Is the independent state legislature theory constitutionally valid? Nov 3, 2022 8:00 am1427 views The debate surrounding the independent state legislature theory, which is at the heart of the U.S. Supreme Court Moore v. Harper case, is ultimately a lopsided one that, under a principled originalist approach, should result in the court rejecting the theory, says Vikram Amar, the dean of the University of Illinois College of Law and a constitutional law scholar and expert on this theory. How has national security policy changed in the Biden administration? Oct 26, 2022 8:00 am540 views The Biden administration’s new national security policy represents a shift to compete with China’s growing power, particularly to make strategic public investments in key industrial areas such as semiconductors, says Illinois law professor Patrick Keenan, an expert in counterterrorism law and international criminal law. Paper: Valuable antibody patents vulnerable to overly broad doctrinal shift in patent law Aug 17, 2022 8:00 am1139 views A new paper co-written by University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign legal scholar Jacob S. Sherkow advocates for a middle ground in patent claims involving antibodies, the backbone of modern bioscience. Will looming labor dispute justify Biden invoking national emergency powers? Jun 8, 2022 8:00 am719 views An expiring labor agreement between dockworkers and West Coast port operators could further snarl U.S. supply chains if a strike or lockout occurs. The Biden administration should prepare to act because presidents have unique powers to temporarily halt these types of work stoppages, says Michael LeRoy, an expert in labor law at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. Expert: Secure Act regulations seek to dispel 'illusion of wealth' for older adults May 12, 2022 8:00 am630 views New disclosures on quarterly retirement account statements may alarm some workers, says Richard L. Kaplan, the Guy Raymond Jones Chair in Law at Illinois and an expert on U.S. tax policy and retirement issues. How effective have economic sanctions been against Russia? Apr 20, 2022 8:00 am5403 views Sanctions imposed against Russia and Belarus may only have meaningful consequences in the longer term, says Taisa Markus, an expert in securities law. Study examines impact of DNA evidence in sexual assault prosecutions Apr 7, 2022 8:00 am1205 views DNA evidence has a dramatic relationship with sexual assault prosecutions and convictions, says a new study of one city's data co-written by U. of I. senior research specialist and social work professor Ted Cross. Will anyone be held accountable for war crimes in Ukraine? Apr 4, 2022 9:30 am1003 views Russia’s invasion of Ukraine looks increasingly like a clear-cut violation of the U.N. charter and a crime of aggression, which is illegal under international law, says Illinois law professor Patrick Keenan. How vulnerable to inflation are the finances of older adults? Jan 31, 2022 8:00 am1062 views Social Security’s annual cost-of-living adjustment takes some of the sting out of inflation, a University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign tax policy expert says. Are President Biden's vaccine mandates lawful? Sep 20, 2021 9:00 am9370 views The expansive new set of vaccination requirements issued by the Biden administration affecting the federal workforce will likely be upheld by the courts, but the mandate emanating from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration is on shakier legal ground, says Michael LeRoy, an expert in labor law and labor relations at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. Paper: Use patent law to curb unethical human-genome editing Aug 30, 2021 10:30 am751 views Patent law could create an “ethical thicket” that discourages access to the medically and ethically dubious practice of heritable human-genome editing, said Jacob S. Sherkow, a professor of law at Illinois and bioethics expert. Should the government implement a vaccine passport system? Jul 29, 2021 8:00 am2165 views Vaccine passports strike the right balance between letting life go on for the vaccinated while still being realistic about the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, said Jacob S. Sherkow, a professor of law at Illinois and bioethics expert. What are the implications of the recent Supreme Court public school speech case? Jul 21, 2021 8:00 am1079 views The Supreme Court affirmed that while public schools have an extra duty to protect unpopular opinions and minority speech rights, school officials still have the power to discipline students for bad behavior, says a University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign media law scholar who studies free speech issues. Are the ultrawealthy breaking the law in avoiding taxes? Jun 16, 2021 8:00 am670 views An annual wealth tax could curb tax avoidance among the ultrawealthy, a University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign tax policy expert says. Are we experiencing another unaccompanied child 'crisis' at the southern US border? Jun 11, 2021 9:00 am537 views There’s no easy solution to the problem of unaccompanied migrant children at the southern U.S. border, a U. of I. expert says. Why do we need a health care equity law? Jun 3, 2021 8:30 am1016 views The Illinois Health Care and Human Services Reform Act has potential to address root causes of health disparities and foster health equity through provisions such as implicit bias training and community health workers, says Illinois professor Ruby Mendenhall. Paper: Work-refusal safety laws serve employees poorly during pandemic May 4, 2021 8:00 am909 views Current work-refusal laws are out-of-step with modern workplaces and provide meager benefits to employees who decline to work when faced with risks involving chemicals, radiation and other microscopic or invisible hazards such as COVID-19, says research from Michael LeRoy, a professor of labor and employment relations at Illinois. Expert: Public school speech case is potential watershed moment for cyberbullying Apr 19, 2021 8:00 am1965 views An upcoming U.S. Supreme Court case will be a major test of the First Amendment rights of K-12 public school students as well as the authority of school administrators to discipline students for cyberbullying, according to Benjamin Holden, a University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign journalism professor and media law scholar who studies free speech issues. New book studies intersection of psychology, environmental law Mar 22, 2021 8:00 am1040 views A new book from a team of University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign legal scholars considers the unlikely intersection of environmental law and psychology. Arden Rowell, right, and Kenworthey Bilz are co-authors of “The Psychology of Environmental Law,” which explores and analyzes the theoretical and practical payoffs of pollution control, ecosystem management, and climate change law and policy when psychological insights are considered. Do labor laws need to be modernized with rise of gig economy? Mar 1, 2021 8:00 am1887 views The Protecting the Right to Organize Act would be the most significant revision of U.S. labor law since 1947, says Michael LeRoy, an expert in labor law at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. Can Biden pass comprehensive immigration reform? Feb 15, 2021 8:00 am10570 views One of the Biden administration’s first acts was to send Congress the U.S. Citizenship Act of 2021, a long-promised immigration reform bill. But any legislative action on comprehensive immigration reform will face significant headwinds in the Senate, says Lauren R. Aronson, an associate clinical professor of law and the director of the Immigration Law Clinic at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign College of Law. Can employers legally require employees to vaccinate against COVID-19? Dec 7, 2020 8:30 am12829 views In most cases, an employer could require an employee to receive a COVID-19 vaccination. While that might seem like a violation of an employee’s personal freedom, “No one has a legally enforceable right to a specific job,” says Michael LeRoy, an expert in labor law and labor relations at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. Does the US need to pursue transitional justice in the post-Trump era? Nov 18, 2020 8:00 am1158 views To promote accountability in government, President-elect Biden ought to pursue “transitional justice” in the aftermath of the Trump presidency, said Colleen Murphy, the Roger and Stephany Joslin Professor of Law at Illinois and an expert in political reconciliation. Paper: Congress must clarify limits of gene-editing technologies Oct 21, 2020 8:00 am620 views How the next Congress decides to handle the issue editing human sperm and eggs will affect the science, ethics and financing of genomic editing for decades to come, said Jacob S. Sherkow, a professor of law at Illinois who studies the ethical and policy implications of advanced biotechnologies. Should the Senate conduct Supreme Court hearing amid pandemic, election season? Oct 12, 2020 7:30 am854 views There is no election-year exception to the process the Constitution creates for the nomination of individuals to serve on the U.S. Supreme Court, says Jason Mazzone, the Albert E. Jenner Jr. Professor of Law and the director of the Program in Constitutional Theory, History, and Law at the College of Law at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. Paper: Lawful discrimination by businesses creates 'customer caste' Sep 30, 2020 8:00 am624 views Judicial rulings on the leading civil rights laws have created a “customer caste” in which people of color are subject to legal, daily discrimination in retail stores, restaurants and other places of public accommodation, says Suja A. Thomas, the Peer and Sarah Pedersen Professor of Law at Illinois. Do-it-yourself COVID-19 vaccines fraught with public health problems Sep 17, 2020 1:00 pm1435 views “Citizen scientists” developing homemade COVID-19 vaccines may believe they’re inoculating themselves against the ongoing pandemic, but the practice of self-experimentation with do-it-yourself medical innovations is fraught with legal, ethical and public health issues, says a new paper co-written by University of Illinois law professor Jacob S. Sherkow. Where does the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program stand? Jun 30, 2020 7:45 am725 views Although the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in its favor, the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program remains a stopgap measure at best. The permanent fix is a comprehensive immigration bill that looks something like the former DREAM Act, says Lauren R. Aronson, an associate clinical professor of law and the director of the Immigration Law Clinic at the U. of I. College of Law. Housing instability undermines public health response to COVID-19 pandemic Jun 11, 2020 8:15 am1164 views Housing instability threatens to undermine the U.S. public health response to COVID-19, says a new working paper co-written by an interdisciplinary team of researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. What effect will COVID-19 have on end-of-life and retirement issues? May 14, 2020 8:00 am1038 views The continued spread of COVID-19 ought to prompt adults to start seriously thinking about end-of-life issues such as writing a will, said University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign law professor and elder law expert Richard L. Kaplan. Will live broadcasts of oral arguments be a permanent fixture at the Supreme Court? May 6, 2020 8:00 am487 views The Supreme Court’s livestream of its oral arguments is likely a temporary measure due to COVID-19, said Jason Mazzone, the Albert E. Jenner Jr. Professor of Law and the director of the Program in Constitutional Theory, History, and Law at the College of Law at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. What effect will COVID-19 have on consumer bankruptcies? Apr 29, 2020 8:15 am4019 views Most households struggle financially for two to five years before filing for bankruptcy, making a pandemic-related surge in consumer bankruptcy filings unlikely, said University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign law professor Robert M. Lawless, a leading consumer credit and bankruptcy expert. What protections do no-show workers have during a pandemic? Mar 26, 2020 6:45 am7396 views The U.S. government can take measures to ensure that essential workers such as health care workers report to their jobs, but forced labor isn’t allowed under the Constitution, says U. of I. labor expert Michael LeRoy. Paper: Historical roots of birthright citizenship traced to demand for workers Feb 6, 2020 8:30 am1003 views Birthright citizenship has served pragmatic economic purposes by giving the U.S. a competitive labor advantage, said Michael LeRoy, a professor of labor and employment relations at Illinois. Paper: Outcomes vary for workers who 'lawyer up' in employment arbitration disputes Nov 18, 2019 8:00 am859 views A worker who retains legal counsel to litigate a workplace dispute in arbitration doesn’t account for the potentially countervailing effect of employers hiring their own legal counsel, says new research co-written by U. of I. labor professor Ryan Lamare. Paper: Firm’s strategic orientation shapes how it resolves workplace disputes Oct 30, 2019 8:45 am530 views When defusing workplace conflict, firms favor alternative dispute resolution practices that align with their underlying strategic bent, says new research co-written by U. of I. labor professor Ryan Lamare. What’s behind surge in unaccompanied minors crossing southern U.S. border? Oct 17, 2019 8:30 am1183 views The surge in unaccompanied children seeking refuge across the U.S. border can be attributed to poverty, natural disasters and the rise of gang recruitment in their home countries. But the biggest factor is that their countries of origin – Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Mexico – are effectively as violent as war zones, says Lauren R. Aronson, an associate clinical professor of law and the director of the Immigration Law Clinic at the University of Illinois College of Law. Would changes to capital gains taxes spur the economy? Sep 4, 2019 9:00 am1803 views Indexing capital gains to inflation could be a simple fix to stimulate a teetering economy, but several significant implementation hurdles remain, said Richard L. Kaplan, an internationally recognized expert on U.S. tax policy and the Guy Raymond Jones Chair in Law at Illinois. Would cutting payroll taxes help prevent recession? Aug 26, 2019 8:30 am1050 views Cutting the payroll tax could represent the middle-class tax cut that President Trump campaigned on – although changes would need to go through the legislative process and any economic stimulus likely wouldn’t been seen until after the November 2020 election, said Richard L. Kaplan, an internationally recognized expert on U.S. tax policy and the Guy Raymond Jones Chair in Law at Illinois. Can a state copyright its own laws – and prevent citizens from republishing them? Jul 15, 2019 9:00 am693 views The pending Supreme Court case Georgia v. Public.Resource.Org will test the legality of a state copyrighting its own laws, which could pose a challenge to legal research, scholarship and public access to the law, said U. of I. copyright law expert Sara R. Benson. Scholar: Navigating parental rights in juvenile cases fraught with challenges Jun 18, 2019 8:00 am592 views Courts have consistently affirmed that parents and guardians have significant latitude in making decisions on how to raise children. But in the juvenile justice context, the traditional role of parental authority has been supplanted or nearly eliminated by the child’s attorney, said Margareth Etienne, a professor of law at Illinois. What changes should be made to modernize consumer bankruptcy law? May 8, 2019 9:00 am506 views The primary reason why current bankruptcy law doesn’t work well is that it dates back to 1978, before the explosion of consumer credit, says Robert M. Lawless, the Max L. Rowe Professor of Law at Illinois and a leading consumer credit and bankruptcy expert. Lawless served as reporter for the American Bankruptcy Institute’s Commission on Consumer Bankruptcy, which recommended several changes to the law. Tax incentives target poor neighborhoods but leave communities behind Apr 8, 2019 8:30 am938 views The development of place-based investment tax incentives such as opportunity zones can be explained as a predictable result of the “pro-gentrification legal, business and political environment that produced them,” said Michelle D. Layser, a professor of law at Illinois. Scholar: TV show 'The Wire' accurately depicted how public schools help vulnerable students Mar 11, 2019 9:00 am1411 views A new paper from University of Illinois law professor and education law expert Margareth Etienne explores the fictional portrayal of popular educational policy reforms favored by academics in the fourth season of “The Wire,” the critically acclaimed TV show on HBO from 2002-08, and reviews what the show got right and wrong in its depiction of how a large, urban public school functions in a community. Expert: Justice Department reversal on online gambling 'correct decision' Jan 17, 2019 12:00 pm1227 views In reversing an Obama-era decision that effectively allowed internet gambling, the Department of Justice has revitalized the Interstate Wire Act of 1961, an anti-gambling statute championed by then-Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy to fight organized crime, said John W. Kindt, a professor emeritus of business administration at the University of Illinois and a leading national gambling critic. Expert: Trump’s attitude toward immigrants, migratory laborers echoes past presidents Jan 14, 2019 8:45 am807 views President Trump’s approach to undocumented immigrants and migratory laborers follows the example of past presidents who relied on racial animus to scapegoat foreigners during times of cultural change, says U. of I. labor professor Michael LeRoy.