blog postsCOVID-19 mobility restrictions effective for short duration, study findsApr 22, 2021 12:00 pm206 views Attempts at restricting people’s mobility to control the spread of COVID-19 may be effective only for a short period, researchers said. A new study examines people’s mobility for seven months during the pandemic in the United States using publicly available, anonymized mobile phone data.How are social media changing higher education?Apr 22, 2021 8:00 am92 views Fear of reprisals from outraged parties on social media and unspoken rules about acceptable discourse on college campuses constrain what faculty members teach, research and discuss, says sociology professor Ilana Redstone.Social comparisons with similar people determine income's effect on happinessApr 12, 2021 2:15 pm320 views It’s the ability to compare ourselves with people of similar backgrounds who earn more and others who earn less that determines our level of happiness in states that have high wealth inequality, U. of I. sociologist Tim Liao found.Young adults may provide care for older relatives much more frequently than thoughtApr 12, 2021 9:30 am506 views Young adults and teens may provide care for adult relatives much more often than previously thought, according to a new study, though they worry about detriments to educational or career goals and would like more training and support. Partisan media sites may not sway opinions, but erode trust in mainstream pressMar 29, 2021 11:15 am587 views A study of 1,037 internet users during the 2018-19 U.S. midterm election found that partisan media don't change readers’ politics but can undermine their trust in the mainstream press.'Hunker down' stress genes boosted in women who live in violent neighborhoodsMar 11, 2021 9:00 am1011 views The chronic stress of living in neighborhoods with high rates of violence and poverty alters gene activity in immune cells, according to a new study of low-income single Black mothers on the South Side of Chicago. The changes in stress-related gene expression reflect the body’s “hunker down” response to long-term threat. This has implications for health outcomes in communities of color and other marginalized populations, said researchers at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign and collaborators.Study compares discrimination claims of younger and older Americans with cancerMar 10, 2021 8:00 am483 views Researchers assessed the employment discrimination claims made by younger and older American adults with cancer and found substantial differences in the nature – and outcomes – of their claims.Veterans see positive changes in emotional resilience after interventionMar 8, 2021 11:00 pm426 views A six-week training program designed to strengthen resilience against emotional distress in military veterans was associated with positive changes in brain function and increased confidence in their ability to regulate emotions, researchers report.Mobile app helps young adults talk with friends about risky drug, alcohol useMar 3, 2021 2:00 pm778 views A smartphone app called Harbor, created by researchers at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, teaches young adults how to talk to a peer if they are concerned about that other person’s drinking or drug use.Virtual reality program lessens physical side effects of hemodialysisFeb 24, 2021 12:00 pm639 views A virtual reality program on mindfulness/meditation helped hemodialysis patients alleviate the physical side effects and tedium of their treatments in a new research project led by social work professor Rosalba Hernandez.Rediscovered journal brings unique perspective on Atlantic slave tradeFeb 24, 2021 11:00 am430 views The trade that brought enslaved Africans to the New World was not just a story of slave ship captains and their human cargo. Many others were part of the machinery, among them a young German barber-surgeon who kept a journal. University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign history professor Craig Koslofsky and co-author Roberto Zaugg of the University of Zurich translated his account and put it in context.Patient education program with mental health component reduces cardiovascular disease risksFeb 11, 2021 9:45 am499 views Participants in a health education program that included both mental and physical health information significantly reduced their risk factors for cardiovascular disease and maintained most of those improvements six months later.New history of photography focuses on presidentsFeb 9, 2021 12:00 pm417 views From the advent of photography to the age of social media, U.S. presidents have been among the most common subjects for the camera. So what better way to tell a story of the medium’s evolution than through those historical figures. Cara Finnegan, a University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign communication professor, does just that in “Photographic Presidents: Making History from Daguerreotype to Digital,” publishing this spring.Culture shapes willingness to share personal data to reduce COVID-19 spreadJan 27, 2021 8:00 am983 views Culture, civic-mindedness and privacy concerns influence how willing people are to share personal location information to help stem the transmission of COVID-19 in their communities, a new study finds. Such sharing includes giving public health authorities access to their geographic information via data gathered from phone calls, mobile apps, credit card purchases, wristband trackers or other technologies.COVID-19 cases, deaths in U.S. increase with higher income inequalityJan 25, 2021 9:45 am1149 views U.S. counties with higher income inequality faced higher rates of COVID-19 cases and deaths in the earlier months of the pandemic, according to a new study led by University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign sociology professor Tim Liao. Counties with higher proportions of Black or Hispanic residents also had higher rates, the study found, reinforcing earlier research showing the disparate effects of the virus on those communities.Paper: Underemployment pervasive for part-time workers in IllinoisJan 14, 2021 8:00 am2244 views As many as 61% of hourly workers in Illinois are underemployed, underscoring the need for the state to adopt a fair-workweek law, says Alison Dickson, a senior instructor in the School of Labor and Employment Relations at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign.Pollinators not getting the 'buzz' they need in news coverageJan 13, 2021 8:45 am827 views A dramatic decline in bees and other pollinating insects presents a threat to the global food supply, yet it’s getting little attention in mainstream news, says a new University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign study. The research is based on a search of millions of news items in the university’s Global News Index, a unique database that draws from thousands of global news sources and decades of their publications.Study: Religion, psychology share methods for reducing distressJan 8, 2021 9:00 am1686 views Religious people facing life crises rely on emotion-regulation strategies that psychologists also use, a new study finds. They look for positive ways of thinking about hardship, a practice known to psychologists as “cognitive reappraisal.” They also tend to have confidence in their ability to cope with difficulty, a trait called “coping self-efficacy.” Both have been shown to reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression.Projects explore role of social-emotional learning in healing racial woundsJan 5, 2021 2:30 pm1115 views U. of I. scholars are coordinating online parenting seminars and activities for students and staff members at two Illinois school systems that will explore the role of social and emotional learning in healing racial wounds. Efforts to combat COVID-19 perceived as morally rightDec 14, 2020 8:30 am793 views According to new research, people tend to moralize COVID-19-control efforts and are more willing to endorse human costs emerging from COVID-19-related restrictions than to accept costs resulting from other restraints meant to prevent injury or death. The level of support – and resulting outrage in response to perceived violations of this moral ideal – differs between liberals and conservatives.Study adapting HIV/AIDS behavioral interventions to mitigate COVID-19Dec 8, 2020 9:45 am775 views A research project funded by the National Institutes of Health is exploring whether interventions effective at engaging high-risk populations in HIV/AIDS testing and treatment can be adapted to mitigate COVID-19.Projects offer COVID-19 testing, explore virus transmission's social factorsDec 2, 2020 9:45 am1286 views U. of I. researchers, local clinicians and volunteers are providing pop-up COVID-19 testing clinics in Rantoul, Illinois, to essential workers and other high-risk residents, and are exploring the behavioral factors behind infection clusters.Cocoa flavanols boost brain oxygenation, cognition in healthy adultsNov 24, 2020 4:00 am5475 views The brains of healthy adults recovered faster from a mild vascular challenge and performed better on complex tests if the participants consumed cocoa flavanols beforehand, researchers report.Today's catastrophic concerns shaped by past interactions between science, cultureNov 19, 2020 12:15 pm555 views A global pandemic, wildfires and hurricanes have made 2020 a year of catastrophes. David Sepkoski’s new book “Catastrophic Thinking” looks at how current-day concerns about threats to both the planet and the human race came to be. Sepkoski is a history professor at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, specializing in the history of science.Disaster apps share personal data in violation of their privacy policiesNov 16, 2020 8:45 am412 views Information sciences professor Madelyn Sanfilippo examined popular disaster apps and found that many of them provide personal information – including a user’s location – to third parties long after a disaster has passed.Should we rethink assumptions about the 2020 election?Nov 12, 2020 12:15 pm757 views The polls prior to Election Day and other circumstances suggested to many that the presidential results would be different than they were. We may want to question some assumptions about state-level voting predictions and the role of the pandemic, says Scott Althaus, a professor of both political science and communication at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.Corporations directing our attention online more than we realizeOct 29, 2020 10:15 am969 views We don’t have the control we think we do in browsing the internet. Our notion of empowerment to see and find what we choose is “an illusion,” say the authors of a study – including Illinois media professor Harsh Taneja – that analyzed browsing data on a million people over one month of internet use. Corporations are “nudging” the flow of our online attention more than we realize, and often in ways that are hidden or beyond our control.Distracted learning a big problem, golden opportunity for educators, studentsOct 13, 2020 11:00 am1829 views Experts say media multitasking negatively impacts learning, but many students believe they're immune to these effects because they're good multitaskers, according to a review paper by U. of I. professor Shelly J. Schmidt.Illinois professor part of Latino baseball project and book for SmithsonianOct 12, 2020 10:00 am563 views Baseball is as central to Latino culture as it is to the broader American culture, and Adrian Burgos Jr. helps document that history as a co-author of a book for the Smithsonian National Museum of American History. Burgos is a history professor at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign who specializes in the history of sports, in particular the role of Latinos and African Americans in baseball.Today's immigration policies rooted in long history, author saysSep 22, 2020 11:45 am1123 views No matter how one feels about current U.S. immigration policies, they did not come out of the blue but are based in a long history, says A. Naomi Paik, an Asian American studies professor at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. She lays out aspects of that history in a new book.In person or by mail? What to consider in choosing how to voteSep 14, 2020 10:00 am2094 views Voters this fall must determine not only who they’re voting for, but also the safest way to cast a ballot. Brian Gaines, a political science professor at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, maps out some risks to consider and mistakes to avoid. He also cautions against leaping to conclusions about any alleged irregularities on Election Day.Illinois archivist's prize-winning essay reveals Jewish origins of Viennese cuisineSep 9, 2020 8:45 am1043 views University of Illinois archivist Susanne Belovari won the 2020 Sophie Coe Prize for her work on the forgotten history of Viennese cuisine.Cell-autonomous immunity shaped human evolutionSep 9, 2020 8:00 am584 views Every human cell harbors its own defenses against microbial invaders, relying on strategies that date back to some of the earliest events in the history of life. Understanding this “cell-autonomous immunity” is essential to understanding human evolution and human medicine, researchers report.Have we gone too far trashing politics?Sep 8, 2020 10:00 am645 views We’ve gone too far in trashing politics, no matter how much the campaign season may prompt us to do so, says Ned O’Gorman, a communication professor at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. Politics is a good thing, but our views of politics have become “twisted.” His recent book “Politics for Everybody” argues for “authentic politics” that focus on different people getting along and working things out, not winner-take-all.Illinois professor uses LGBTQ voices in Beirut to understand daily violence, disruptionSep 3, 2020 8:00 am556 views Ghassan Moussawi, a professor of gender and women’s studies and of sociology, examines the daily survival strategies of Beirut’s LGBTQ residents in his new book “Disruptive Situations: Fractal Orientalism and Queer Strategies in Beirut.”What’s different about recent athlete protests?Sep 1, 2020 1:45 pm491 views In the history of protest in sports, the recent strikes by professional athletes in response to the shooting of Jacob Blake in Kenosha, Wisconsin, are unprecedented, says Adrian Burgos Jr., a professor of history at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign who specializes in the history of sports. The resumption of pro sports during a pandemic has made the players’ platform even more prominent, he says, and some have used it to try to communicate their lived reality beyond their role as athletes.Quick fixes won’t stop sexual harassment in academia, experts sayAug 19, 2020 3:45 pm939 views While many academic institutions are searching for ways to prevent sexual assault and sexual coercion among their faculty members, staff and students, they are failing to address the most common forms of gender-based harassment, say experts who study harassment and discrimination at work and in academic and health care settings. In an opinion published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the experts focus on behaviors that communicate derision, disgust or disrespect for members of one sex or gender group.Where does the U.S. withdrawal leave the World Health Organization?Aug 18, 2020 8:00 am1611 views A global response, such as that organized by the World Health Organization, is needed to control the COVID-19 pandemic, says Ian Brooks, a research scientist whose focus is global health informatics.Teens who crave excitement more likely to smoke, use multiple illicit substancesAug 5, 2020 9:45 am759 views A new study of high school seniors in the U.S. suggests that teens who are less satisfied with their lives and seek out risky experiences and exciting, unpredictable friends are more likely to use multiple illicit substances regularly.Journalists’ Twitter use shows them talking within smaller bubblesAug 5, 2020 9:30 am46935 views Washington, D.C., journalists are clustering not in one “Beltway bubble” but in a collection of “microbubbles,” based on a recent study of their Twitter postings. It means they “may be even more insular than previously thought,” say Illinois journalism professors Nikki Usher and Yee Man Margaret Ng.CHIME in Illinois puts students to work on COVID-related data science projectsAug 4, 2020 8:45 am772 views An international public health initiative connects students and public health agencies with data-information needs.Spirituality, financial security essential to Latinos’ positive agingJul 17, 2020 11:45 am521 views Financial security and spirituality are essential to positive aging in Latino older adults, and programs designed for this population should prioritize these elements, a new study indicates.Two Illinois communication scholars elected ICA FellowsJul 10, 2020 9:15 am498 views Leanne Knobloch and Angharad Valdivia, both professors at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have been elected Fellows of the International Communication Association, in recognition of distinguished scholarly contributions to the broad field of communication. Two other Illinois faculty members received the same honor last year.Why are familiar brands with Black images getting a rethink?Jun 29, 2020 8:00 am2256 views At least one familiar brand is being retired and others are getting a rethink due to their use of Black images. Illinois advertising professor Jason Chambers explains why.How will public spaces change as result of the COVID-19 pandemic?Jun 17, 2020 8:45 am2711 views Pandemics have changed our physical spaces throughout history, but changes made as a result of COVID-19 may not be long-lasting, says Illinois architecture professor Benjamin Bross.What can police trainers learn from the current crisis?Jun 17, 2020 8:15 am916 views Police reform is on the national agenda in response to the choking death of George Floyd by a Minneapolis police officer in late May – and many other such incidents before and since. Police Training Institute director Michael Schlosser weighed in on the current crisis. Based at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the PTI trains dozens of police departments across the state of Illinois. Schlosser spoke with News Bureau life sciences editor Diana Yates. Why the calls for defunding police?Jun 11, 2020 2:00 pm2549 views Calls for defunding or even abolishing the police in the wake of George Floyd’s death may sound radical to many, but the idea is not new, says A. Naomi Paik, a professor of Asian American studies at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.Housing instability undermines public health response to COVID-19 pandemicJun 11, 2020 8:15 am1068 views Housing instability threatens to undermine the U.S. public health response to COVID-19, says a new working paper co-written by an interdisciplinary team of researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.Opposition to sexual- and gender-minority rights linked to support for Christian dominanceJun 11, 2020 7:30 am1081 views Many Christian and political conservatives in the U.S. support legislation to deny sexual and gender minorities the rights most Americans enjoy: unfettered access to jobs, housing, services and public facilities; the opportunity to marry as they choose; and the right to adopt a child. A new study published in the American Journal of Community Psychology offers insight into the factors that correlate with support for such laws.Do COVID-19 apps protect your privacy?Jun 8, 2020 1:00 pm1232 views Many mobile apps that track the spread of COVID-19 ask for personal data but don’t indicate the information will be secure.