With increasing obesity, fuel consumption becomes weighty matter Dec 16, 2008 9:00 am214 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Excess fuel consumption caused by excess driver and passenger weight has increased in the past two years, with no end in sight. Why is the use of hypersonic missiles in the Russia-Ukraine conflict significant? Mar 22, 2022 8:15 am11525 views The U.S. recently confirmed that the Russian Ministry of Defence fired a hypersonic ballistic missile to destroy an underground arms depot in western Ukraine. This event marks Russia’s first use of the Kinzhal ballistic missile in this war and the first known use of a hypersonic missile in combat. Mechanical science and engineering professor Kelly Stephani spoke with News Bureau physical sciences editor Lois Yoksoulian about the significance of this technology. Why has it been so difficult to stabilize Japan's damaged nuclear reactors? Mar 28, 2011 9:00 am163 views A Minute With™... Rizwan Uddin, a professor of nuclear, plasma, and radiological engineering What you need to know about the spike in Illinois electric rates Jan 30, 2007 9:00 am135 views George Gross is a professor of electrical and computer engineering and at the Institute of Government and Public Affairs. He discusses the higher electric rates that went into effect on January 1, 2007. He was interviewed by the News Bureau's business and law editor Mark Reutter. What you need to know about the spike in Illinois electric rates Jul 14, 2006 9:00 am16 views A Minute With™... George Gross, a professor of electrical and computer engineering What's in your landscape? Plants can alter West Nile virus risk Jul 1, 2015 10:45 am1207 views A new study looks at how leaf litter in water influences the abundance of Culex pipiens mosquitoes, which can transmit West Nile virus to humans, domestic animals, birds and other wildlife. What now with gerrymandering? Are algorithms part of the answer? Jun 20, 2018 1:00 pm1139 views The Supreme Court “punted” this week on the issue of partisan gerrymandering, but left the door open to future action. An Illinois professor hopes her research can be part of the solution. What is the state of underwater geolocation technology? Jun 23, 2023 9:15 am1295 views The loss of OceanGate's Titan submersible this week has triggered questions about how underwater craft navigate and how these vehicles can improve their geolocation abilities. Electrical and computer engineering professor Viktor Gruev spoke with News Bureau physical sciences editor Lois Yoksoulian about the current state of the science behind underwater geolocation, and some advances his team is working on now. What is place-based adaptation to climate change? Oct 10, 2022 1:30 pm2311 views A recent Washington Post-ABC News poll states that roughly half of registered voters say climate change is either “very important” or “one of the most important issues” in their vote for Congress this year. However, many citizens struggle to understand their place in this global issue. Applied Research Institute senior research scientist Ann-Perry Witmer, also a lecturer in agricultural and biological engineering, spoke with News Bureau physical sciences editor Lois Yoksoulian about a more digestible approach to the climate crisis and encouraged readers to participate in a public panel discussion this week. What are the challenges of providing services for children with mental illnesses? Aug 12, 2016 9:00 am989 views Wynne Korr, dean of the School of Social Work at the University of Illinois, discusses the challenges of diagnosing and providing treatment for this vulnerable population in light of the state's financial problems Webb Space Telescope detects universe’s most distant complex organic molecules Jun 5, 2023 10:00 am4265 views Researchers have detected complex organic molecules in a galaxy more than 12 billion light-years away from Earth – the most distant galaxy in which these molecules are now known to exist. Thanks to the capabilities of the recently launched James Webb Space Telescope and careful analyses from the research team, a new study lends critical insight into the complex chemical interactions that occur in the first galaxies in the early universe. Ways to alleviate India's water shortages, even as global warming adds to pollution problems with the Ganges Aug 23, 2007 9:00 am38 views A Minute With™... Prasanta Kalita, a professor of agricultural and biological engineering Water filtration membranes morph like cells Feb 23, 2022 1:00 pm1367 views Morphogenesis is nature’s way of building diverse structures and functions out of a fixed set of components. While nature is rich with examples of morphogenesis – cell differentiation, embryonic development and cytoskeleton formation, for example – research into the phenomenon in synthetic materials is scant. University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign researchers are taking a step forward using electron tomography, fluid dynamics theories and machine learning to watch soft polymers as the polymers learn from nature. Vascular composites enable dynamic structural materials Jul 25, 2011 9:00 am426 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Taking their cue from biological circulatory systems, University of Illinois researchers have developed vascularized structural composites, creating materials that are lightweight and strong with potential for self-healing, self-cooling, metamaterials and more. Using a little science in your March Madness picks Mar 11, 2015 10:30 am483 views A Minute With...bracketology expert Sheldon Jacobson U of I virtual test assesses bioengineering students' laboratory skills Oct 23, 2020 2:45 pm1271 views When COVID-19 forced the U. of I. to go to online-only instruction last spring, a team led by bioengineering professor Karin Jensen created a test to remotely assess students' ability to culture cells in the laboratory. U of I to lead two of seven new national artificial intelligence institutes Aug 26, 2020 8:00 am9319 views The National Science Foundation and the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Institute of Food and Agriculture are announcing an investment of more than $140 million to establish seven artificial intelligence institutes in the U.S. Two of the seven will be led by teams at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. The USDA-NIFA will fund the AI Institute for Future Agricultural Resilience, Management and Sustainability at the U. of I. Illinois computer science professor Vikram Adve will lead the AIFARMS Institute. The NSF will fund the AI Institute for Molecular Discovery, Synthetic Strategy and Manufacturing, also known as the Molecule Maker Lab Institute. Huimin Zhao, a U. of I. professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering and of chemistry, will lead this institute. U of I to lead National Artificial Intelligence Research Institute focused on STEM learning May 4, 2023 8:15 am4734 views Scientists at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign will lead a National Artificial Intelligence Research Institute focused on developing learning technologies that will accelerate youths' STEM learning and broaden diversity in related occupations. U. of I. team is top U.S. finisher in Solar Decathlon competition Oct 16, 2009 9:00 am221 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - A team of students from the University of Illinois won second place today (Oct. 16) in the 2009 Solar Decathlon design competition sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy. U. of I. students to build solar home for contest in Washington, D. C. Feb 15, 2006 9:00 am29 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. -- The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign is one of 20 universities selected to participate in the 2007 Solar Decathlon, a competition in which teams of students from colleges and universities in the United States, Europe and Canada compete to design, build and operate homes powered exclusively by solar energy. U of I engineering professor appointed to US Department of Energy leadership role May 10, 2021 10:00 am3921 views Kathryn D. Huff, a professor of nuclear, plasma and radiological engineering in the Grainger College of Engineering, was sworn in today to a position in the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Nuclear Energy. U. of I. Engineering Open House to take place March 10-11 Mar 6, 2006 9:00 am204 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Wild and wacky Rube Goldberg machines, "robot wars," and more than 160 fun-filled exhibits await visitors to "Beyond Imagination," the 86th annual Engineering Open House at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. U. of I. alumnus named Marshall Scholar Nov 26, 2012 9:15 am97 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. – Jonathan Naber, of Waterloo, Ill., has been awarded a Marshall Scholarship. Each year, about 40 students from the United States are selected as Marshall Scholars for postgraduate study at a university in the United Kingdom. Naber is the third U. of I. student in the last six years awarded this honor. Naber graduated from Illinois in May 2011 with a bachelor’s degree in materials science and engineering. Unmuting large silent genes lets bacteria produce new molecules, potential drug candidates Dec 31, 2018 10:00 am1359 views By enticing away the repressors dampening unexpressed, silent genes in Streptomyces bacteria, researchers at the University of Illinois have unlocked several large gene clusters for new natural products, according to a study published in the journal Nature Chemical Biology. Unified theory explains how materials transform from solids to liquids Sep 2, 2021 9:30 am1024 views Years of meticulous experimentation have paid off for researchers aiming to unify the physics that defines materials that transition from solids to liquids. The researchers said a new theoretical model could help develop new synthetic materials and inform and predict civil engineering and environmental challenges such as mudslides, dam breaks and avalanches. Ultrathin self-healing polymers create new, sustainable water-resistant coatings Sep 16, 2021 9:30 am2095 views Researchers have found a way to make ultrathin surface coatings robust enough to survive scratches and dings. The new material, developed by merging thin-film and self-healing technologies, has an almost endless list of potential applications, including self-cleaning, anti-icing, anti-fogging, anti-bacterial, anti-fouling and enhanced heat exchange coatings, researchers said. Ultrathin LEDs create new classes of lighting and display systems Aug 20, 2009 9:00 am2299 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - A new process for creating ultrathin, ultrasmall inorganic light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and assembling them into large arrays offers new classes of lighting and display systems with interesting properties, such as see-through construction and mechanical flexibility, that would be impossible to achieve with existing technologies. Ultrasonic hammer sets off tiny explosions Apr 2, 2015 9:00 am289 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Giving new meaning to the term "sonic boom," University of Illinois chemists have used sound to trigger microscopic explosions. Two U. of I. graduate students win Intel Ph.D. Fellowships Jun 14, 2013 9:00 am59 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Two graduate students at the University of Illinois have won Intel Ph.D. Fellowships for the 2013-14 academic year. Fifteen fellowships were awarded nationwide. Two Illinois faculty members elected to American Academy of Arts and Sciences Apr 29, 2022 8:30 am1234 views University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign materials science and engineering professor Nancy Sottos and history professor Maria Todorova have been elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, one of the oldest honor societies in the nation. They are among 261 new members elected to the academy this year in recognition of their accomplishments and leadership in academia, the arts, industry, public policy and research. Tumor-targeting system uses cancer’s own mechanisms to betray its location Feb 14, 2017 9:00 am3454 views By hijacking a cancer cell’s own metabolism, researchers have found a way to tag and target elusive cancers with small-molecule sugars. This opens treatment pathways for cancers that are not responsive to conventional targeted antibodies, such as triple-negative breast cancer. Training neural circuits early in development improves response, study finds Aug 6, 2020 1:30 pm1227 views When it comes to training neural circuits for tissue engineering or biomedical applications, a new study suggests a key parameter: Train them young. Tiny thermometer measures how mitochondria heat up the cell by unleashing proton energy Aug 29, 2019 12:45 pm2207 views Armed with a tiny new thermometer probe that can quickly measure temperature inside of a cell, University of Illinois researchers have illuminated a mysterious aspect of metabolism: heat generation. Tiny swimming bio-bots boldly go where no bot has swum before Jan 17, 2014 9:00 am722 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - The alien world of aquatic micro-organisms just got new residents: synthetic self-propelled swimming bio-bots. Tiny superconductors withstand stronger magnetic fields Feb 4, 2005 9:00 am71 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Ultrathin superconducting wires can withstand stronger magnetic fields than larger wires made from the same material, researchers now report. This finding may be useful for technologies that employ superconducting magnets, such as magnetic resonance imaging. Tiny porous crystals change the shape of water to speed up chemical reactions Sep 20, 2021 10:00 am1104 views Chemical engineers at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign now understand how water molecules assemble and change shape in some settings, revealing a new strategy to speed up chemical reactions critical to industry and environmental sustainability. The new approach is poised to play a role in helping chemical manufacturers move away from harmful solvent catalysts in favor of water. Tiny laser gives big boost to high-speed data transmission Nov 5, 2013 9:00 am231 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - High-speed communication just got a turbo boost, thanks to a new laser technology developed at the University of Illinois that transmits error-free data over fiber optic networks at a blazing fast 40 gigabits per second - the fastest in the United States. Tiny exports signal big shifts in cancer tissue, researchers find Jan 25, 2017 1:30 pm1363 views Microscopic shifts in metabolism and increases in tiny transport vesicles out of tumor cells preface larger changes to the tumor environment and could prepare the way for cancerous cells to spread and metastasize, University of Illinois researchers report. Tiny electronic implants monitor brain injury, then melt away Jan 18, 2016 10:00 am7398 views A new class of small, thin electronic sensors can monitor temperature and pressure within the skull – crucial health parameters after a brain injury or surgery – then melt away when they are no longer needed, eliminating the need for additional surgery to remove the monitors and reducing the risk of infection and hemorrhage. Tiny drug-delivering capsules could sustain transplanted insulin-producing cells for diabetics Feb 12, 2018 9:15 am1733 views A drug-carrying microsphere within a cell-bearing microcapsule could be the key to transplanting insulin-secreting pig pancreas cells into human patients whose own cells have been destroyed by type I diabetes. Tiny aquariums put nanoparticle self-assembly on display Oct 2, 2017 8:15 am1663 views Seeing is believing when it comes to nanoparticle self-assembly. A team of University of Illinois engineers is observing the interactions of colloidal gold nanoparticles inside tiny aquariumlike sample containers to gain more control over the self-assembly process of engineered materials. Tiny antennas let long light waves see in infrared Sep 23, 2013 9:00 am126 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign researchers have developed arrays of tiny nano-antennas that can enable sensing of molecules that resonate in the infrared (IR) spectrum. Three Illinois scientists rank among world's most influential Nov 18, 2020 8:45 am3368 views Three faculty members at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have been named to the 2020 Clarivate Analytics Highly Cited Researchers list. The list recognizes leading researchers in the sciences and social sciences from around the world. It is based on an analysis of journal article publication and citation data, an objective measure of a researcher’s influence, from 2009-2019. The highly cited Illinois researchers this year are: materials science and engineering professor Axel Hoffmann, crop sciences and plant biology professor Stephen Long, and plant biology professor Donald Ort. Three Illinois scientists elected to American Academy of Arts and Sciences Apr 24, 2023 10:15 am2002 views Three University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign scientists have been elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Three Illinois professors named Sloan Research Fellows Feb 15, 2018 9:00 am9227 views Three Illinois scientists are among 126 recipients of the 2018 Sloan Research Fellowships from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. According to the foundation, the awards “honor early career scholars whose achievements mark them as among the very best scientific minds working today.” Winners receive a two-year $65,000 fellowship to further their research. Three Illinois professors elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences May 1, 2014 9:00 am109 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Three University of Illinois professors have been elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, one of the longest-standing honorary societies in the nation. Tere R. O'Connor, a professor of dance; John A. Rogers, the Swanlund Chair of Materials Science and Engineering; and Wilfred A. van der Donk, the Richard E. Heckert Endowed Chair in Chemistry, will join other new members in an induction ceremony in October at the academy's headquarters in Cambridge, Mass. Three Illinois faculty members elected to National Academy of Sciences Apr 27, 2021 9:30 am3145 views Three University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign professors have been elected to the National Academy of Sciences, one of the highest professional honors a scientist can receive. Physics professor Nadya Mason and chemistry professors Ralph Nuzzo and Wilfred van der Donk are among 120 newly elected U.S. members – 59 of whom are women, the most elected in a single year – and 30 international members in recognition of their distinguished and continuing achievements in original research. These bots were made for walking: Cells power biological machines Nov 15, 2012 9:00 am728 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - They're soft, biocompatible, about 7 millimeters long - and, incredibly, able to walk by themselves. Miniature "bio-bots" developed at the University of Illinois are making tracks in synthetic biology. Theory sorts order from chaos in complex quantum systems Feb 24, 2023 9:45 am2304 views It’s not easy to make sense of quantum-scale motion, but a new mathematical theory could help, providing insight into the various computing, electrochemical and biological systems. Chenghao Zhang, a physics graduate student at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, and chemistry professor Martin Gruebele performed a computational analysis of the new mathematical theory developed by Rice University theorist Peter Wolynes and theoretical chemist David Logan at Oxford University. The theory gives a simple prediction for the threshold at which large quantum systems switch from orderly motion like a clock to random, erratic motion like asteroids moving around in the early solar system. The dark side of kerosene lamps: High black carbon emissions Dec 10, 2012 9:00 am958 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - The small kerosene lamps that light millions of homes in developing countries have a dark side: black carbon - fine particles of soot released into the atmosphere.