blog postsStudy: Integrating satellite and socioeconomic data to improve climate change policyMay 28, 2020 12:15 pm343 views Bangladesh is on track to lose all of its forestland in the next 35-40 years, leading to a rise in CO2 emissions and subsequent climate change, researchers said. However, that is just one of the significant land-use changes that the country is experiencing. A new study uses satellite and census data to quantify and unravel how physical and economic factors drive land-use changes. Understanding this relationship can inform climate policy at the national scale in Bangladesh and beyond.Will movie theaters survive COVID-19?May 27, 2020 9:30 am440 views Summer is normally a season for blockbusters, but movie theaters will have special challenges this year, starting with a gamble on a few July releases. Derek Long, a professor of media and cinema studies at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, looks at the present and future of the business.What have we learned about intimate partner violence?May 26, 2020 12:30 pm126 views Human development and family studies professors Jennifer Hardesty and Brian Ogolsky discuss their recent study on intimate partner violence.Study: Benefits of workplace wellness programs underwhelmingMay 26, 2020 10:00 am456 views An interdisciplinary team of researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign studied the efficacy of workplace wellness programs and found only a modest impact on employee health, health beliefs and medical utilization.How do we combat global food insecurity during pandemics?May 22, 2020 8:15 am624 views The World Food Programme recently warned that the COVID-19 pandemic could double the number of people facing extreme food shortages, bringing the number of those in crisis to about 265 million worldwide. Esther Ngumbi, a professor of entomology and of African American studies at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign who writes and speaks about global food security, spoke with News Bureau life sciences editor Diana Yates about the practices that can help reduce the problem of global food insecurity.Environmental contaminants alter gut microbiome, healthMay 21, 2020 8:00 am906 views Scientists review the research linking dozens of environmental chemicals to changes in the gut microbiome and associated health challenges.Scientists text-mining social media for data on food-related topicsMay 15, 2020 9:00 am716 views With millions of users daily, social media offer researchers a wealth of textual data to investigate food-, health-related issues, U. of I. food scientists report.Study: Multiscale crop modeling effort required to assess climate change adaptationMay 14, 2020 12:00 pm889 views Crop modeling is essential for understanding how to secure the food supply as the planet adapts to climate change. Many current crop models focus on simulating crop growth and yield at the field scale, but lack genetic and physiological data, which may hamper accurate production and environmental impact assessment at larger scales.Virtual exhibitions highlight art and design graduatesMay 14, 2020 8:45 am774 views Graduates from the School of Art and Design will exhibit their work virtually this spring.Cahokia's rise parallels onset of corn agricultureMay 14, 2020 8:15 am4731 views Corn cultivation spread from Mesoamerica to what is now the American Southwest by about 4000 B.C., but how and when the crop made it to other parts of North America is still a subject of debate. In a new study, scientists report that corn was not grown in the ancient metropolis of Cahokia until sometime between A.D. 900 and 1000, a relatively late date that corresponds to the start of the city’s rapid expansion.What effect will COVID-19 have on end-of-life and retirement issues?May 14, 2020 8:00 am773 views The continued spread of COVID-19 ought to prompt adults to start seriously thinking about end-of-life issues such as writing a will, said University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign law professor and elder law expert Richard L. Kaplan.Growing mountains or shifting ground: What is going on in Earth’s inner core?May 12, 2020 11:45 am1965 views Exhaustive seismic data from repeating earthquakes and new data-processing methods have yielded the best evidence yet that the Earth’s inner core is rotating – revealing a better understanding of the hotly debated processes that control the planet’s magnetic field.Molecule reduces multiple pathologies associated with Alzheimer’s diseaseMay 7, 2020 8:15 am959 views When tested in brain cells and in a mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease, a new compound significantly reduced the number of amyloid plaques in the brain, lessened brain inflammation and diminished other molecular markers of the disease.Rediscovering a path to the Milky WayMay 6, 2020 8:15 am1883 views We’re standing on a roadside at the edge of a muddy expanse. I’m wearing rubber boots, but Tim Pauketat is going to get his feet wet. He left his waterproof boots in Indiana, but this won’t stop him from tromping out into the soggy, overgrown remains of the ancient city of Cahokia.Will live broadcasts of oral arguments be a permanent fixture at the Supreme Court?May 6, 2020 8:00 am399 views The Supreme Court’s livestream of its oral arguments is likely a temporary measure due to COVID-19, said Jason Mazzone, the Albert E. Jenner Jr. Professor of Law and the director of the Program in Constitutional Theory, History, and Law at the College of Law at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.Study examines India's policies for financial inclusion of the unbankedMay 5, 2020 10:00 am619 views A new analysis examines why India has had limited success at bringing the unbanked into the formal economy despite numerous policy initiatives.New book shows how ancient Greek writing helps us understand today’s environmental crisesMay 5, 2020 8:00 am549 views University of Illinois classics professor Clara Bosak-Schroeder writes about how the ancient Greeks thought about natural resources.Making a homemade COVID mask? Study explains best fabric choicesMay 1, 2020 9:45 am21390 views Health authorities believe COVID-19 spreads by the transmission of respiratory droplets, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends homemade cloth face coverings for use in public spaces. Starting today, Illinois joins many other states in requiring people to wear masks while out. However, initial uncertainty regarding the masks’ effectiveness in reducing exhaled droplets leaves some people unsure or skeptical of their usefulness during the current COVID-19 pandemic. Mechanical science and engineering professor Taher Saif spoke with News Bureau physical sciences editor Lois Yoksoulian about a study that he and his graduate students, Onur Aydin and Bashar Emon, performed on the effectiveness of common household fabrics for use in homemade masks.Nanostimulators boost stem cells for muscle repairMay 1, 2020 8:00 am926 views In regenerative medicine, an ideal treatment for patients whose muscles are damaged from lack of oxygen would be to invigorate them with an injection of their own stem cells. In a new study published in the journal ACS Nano, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign demonstrated that “nanostimulators” – nanoparticles seeded with a molecule the body naturally produces to prompt stem cells to heal wounds – can amp up stem cells’ regenerative powers in a targeted limb in mice.Could Legionnaires' bacteria lurk in idled buildings?Apr 29, 2020 2:00 pm937 views Many businesses are closed as a result of the coronavirus pandemic, and some building managers have shut off water and air conditioning to conserve resources. Unfortunately, warmth and lack of clean water flow can contribute to the growth of potentially dangerous microbes, including the bacteria that contribute to Legionnaires’ disease. Illinois Sustainable Technology Center chemist and industrial water treatment specialist Jeremy Overmann spoke with News Bureau life sciences editor Diana Yates about the problem and potential solutions.Illinois theatre students move year-end showcase onlineApr 29, 2020 12:00 pm792 views A live showcase to display the talents of seniors in the University of Illinois acting program was moved to a digital format due to the COVID-19 pandemic.What effect will COVID-19 have on consumer bankruptcies?Apr 29, 2020 8:15 am2005 views Most households struggle financially for two to five years before filing for bankruptcy, making a pandemic-related surge in consumer bankruptcy filings unlikely, said University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign law professor Robert M. Lawless, a leading consumer credit and bankruptcy expert.Thomas Huang, pioneer in image compression, has diedApr 28, 2020 12:30 pm1952 views Thomas Huang, a pioneering researcher in the field of image compression and an influential educator at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, died Saturday. In his long career as a professor of electrical and computer engineering, Huang was ranked among the world’s most influential researchers and mentored more than 100 students. He was 83.Spinal cord gives bio-bots walking rhythmApr 28, 2020 10:00 am663 views Miniature biological robots are making greater strides than ever, thanks to the spinal cord directing their steps.Virus-infected honey bees more likely to gain entrance to healthy hivesApr 27, 2020 2:00 pm3087 views Honey bees that guard hive entrances are twice as likely to allow in trespassers from other hives if the intruders are infected with the Israeli acute paralysis virus, a deadly pathogen of bees, researchers report. Their new study, reported in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, strongly suggests that IAPV infection alters honey bees’ behavior and physiology in ways that boost the virus’s ability to spread, the researchers say.Illinois computer scientist, physicist elected to American Academy of Arts and SciencesApr 27, 2020 9:00 am1320 views University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign computer science professor Sarita V. Adve and physics professor Philip W. Phillips have been elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, one of the oldest honor societies in the nation.Holistic approach best for tackling nonmedical drug use, study findsApr 24, 2020 8:15 am1195 views Health practitioners are constantly developing new ways to help those with drug and alcohol addictions wean themselves from their substance of choice. Most such programs have limited success, however. A new study finds that interventions that take a multidimensional approach – tackling the biological, social, environmental and mental health obstacles to overcome while also addressing a person’s substance use – work best for those hoping to stop using drugs.Are bats to blame for the coronavirus crisis?Apr 24, 2020 8:15 am2386 views Horseshoe bats in China are a natural wildlife reservoir of SARS-like coronaviruses. Some health experts think wildlife markets – specifically in Wuhan, China – led to the spillover of the new coronavirus into human populations. Though not confirmed, the hypothesis has given bats around the world a bad rap, and public fears of exposure to bats are on the rise. Illinois Natural History Survey wildlife biologist Tara Hohoff, the project coordinator of the Illinois Bat Conservation Program, spoke to News Bureau life sciences editor Diana Yates about bat biology and conservation, and the flying mammals’ role in human health.Inexpensive, portable detector identifies pathogens in minutesApr 23, 2020 12:00 pm3508 views Most viral test kits rely on labor- and time-intensive laboratory preparation and analysis techniques; for example, tests for the novel coronavirus can take days to detect the virus from nasal swabs. Now, researchers have demonstrated an inexpensive yet sensitive smartphone-based testing device for viral and bacterial pathogens that takes about 30 minutes to complete. The roughly $50 smartphone accessory could reduce the pressure on testing laboratories during a pandemic such as COVID-19.What's new with the plague? More than you might thinkApr 23, 2020 10:00 am1793 views Pandemics of the past are getting new attention, among them the plague of the 14th century. Known as the Black Death, it was medieval, European, bubonic and spread by rats – at least that’s what most of us think. Much of that needs adjustment, however, in large part due to discoveries of the past decade, says Carol Symes, a professor of medieval history at Illinois.Illinois professor examines storytelling artistry of Aleksandr SolzhenitsynApr 21, 2020 8:00 am481 views Illinois professor of Slavic languages and literatures Richard Tempest has written a new book about the literary artistry of Russian novelist and historian Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn.Dehydrating plant proteins at the speed of soundApr 17, 2020 1:15 pm999 views Food scientists at the University of Illinois devised an energy-efficient, cost-effective method for drying plant proteins using high-frequency ultrasound.What drives us to blame the marginalized for epidemics?Apr 16, 2020 9:15 am1662 views There’s a long history of scapegoating marginalized people in epidemics, and of seeing difference in the way those of different races respond to disease, says Rana Hogarth, a U. of I. professor who studies the history of both medicine and race, and the connections between.Study: Cultural variables play important role in perceptions of status, powerApr 16, 2020 8:30 am854 views Cultural variables play an important role in perceptions of status and power in business, according to research co-written by Carlos Torelli, a professor of business administration and the James F. Towey Faculty Fellow at the Gies College of Busines at Illinois.Loss of senses of smell, taste could identify COVID-19 carriersApr 14, 2020 2:45 pm3041 views M. Yanina Pepino of the U. of I. is on a global team of experts investigating the abrupt loss of the senses of smell and taste with COVID-19 infection. How can researchers predict social behavior during pandemics to enhance public health policies?Apr 14, 2020 8:45 am658 views Eunice E. Santos, the dean of the School of Information Sciences, studies how computational models can help explain social behaviors and the factors that influence decision-making during pandemics.Study reveals unique physical, chemical properties of cicada wingsApr 14, 2020 8:15 am1023 views Biological structures sometimes have unique features that engineers would like to copy. For example, many types of insect wings shed water, kill microbes, reflect light in unusual ways and are self-cleaning. While researchers have dissected the physical characteristics that likely contribute to such traits, a new study reveals that the chemical compounds that coat cicada wings also contribute to their ability to repel water and kill microbes.Many responders in emotional distress one year after hurricane in Puerto Rico, study findsApr 13, 2020 1:00 pm949 views Responders who assist people after disasters are at increased risk of mental health problems, and interventions are needed to support them, a study found.Two Illinois professors named Guggenheim FellowsApr 10, 2020 10:45 am2846 views Illinois professors Janice N. Harrington, English, and David Sepkoski, history, received 2020 Guggenheim Foundation Fellowships.New study shows how oxygen transfer is altered in diseased lung tissueApr 9, 2020 12:00 pm2040 views A multidisciplinary team of researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign has developed tiny sensors that measure oxygen transport in bovine lung tissue. The study – which establishes a new framework for observing the elusive connection between lung membranes, oxygen flow and related disease – is published in the journal Nature Communications.Rohit Bhargava: My path to IllinoisApr 9, 2020 8:15 am1454 views I grew up in Jaipur, India, a city that is well-known for its architecture. My father is an architect, and I grew up helping him, looking at plans and making blueprints. I was always interested in building things.Fungus application thwarts major soybean pest, study findsApr 9, 2020 8:15 am1330 views The soybean cyst nematode sucks the nutrients out of soybean roots, causing more than $1 billion in soybean yield losses in the U.S. each year. A new study finds that one type of fungi can cut the nematodes’ reproductive success by more than half.What messages best influence public health behavior?Apr 8, 2020 7:45 am500 views Dolores Albarracín, a professor of psychology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, has spent much of her career studying how people respond to public health messages asking them to change their behavior. She speaks about the special challenges of the present moment.How should we talk about our relative risk for COVID-19?Apr 7, 2020 9:30 am967 views A key message coming through about COVID-19 is that older folks face much greater danger, but what does that suggest to the young? Cabral Bigman, a communication professor at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, talks about the challenge of “social comparison frames” in an epidemic.Will Schneider: My path to IllinoisApr 6, 2020 9:00 am669 views Social work professor Will Schneider examines trends in child maltreatment and suggests that interventions for child neglect overlook the most likely cause.How to foster children’s learning while sheltering at homeApr 6, 2020 8:30 am1760 views Parents sheltering at home with their kids sometimes struggle to foster their children’s continued engagement with learning. Eva Pomerantz, a professor of psychology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, studies the factors that promote children’s motivation and achievement at school. She spoke to News Bureau life sciences editor Diana Yates about her research on the topic and her own efforts to keep her children academically engaged while at home.Patrick Earl Hammie: My path to IllinoisApr 2, 2020 8:45 am1075 views Patrick Earl Hammie is a professor of painting and sculpture whose work explores the body in visual culture, black experiences, cultural identity and family.For stroke survivors, light physical activity linked to better daily functionApr 2, 2020 8:30 am606 views Stroke survivors who engage in a lot of light physical activity – taking leisurely walks or attending to nonstrenuous household chores, for example – also report fewer physical limitations than their more sedentary peers, new research shows.Paper: Timely preventative efforts better than mitigation during early stages of outbreakApr 2, 2020 8:00 am1289 views Epidemics such as COVID-19 are characterized by resource constraints due to sudden and unprecedented demand shocks for health care facilities and services, making the initial prevention of disease spread through testing, identification and quarantine activities more important than mitigation or curative efforts, according to research co-written by Ujjal Kumar Mukherjee, a professor of business administration at the Gies College of Business at Illinois who studies innovation in health care.Physical force alone spurs gene expression, study revealsApr 1, 2020 1:00 pm672 views Cells will ramp up gene expression in response to physical forces alone, a new study finds. Gene activation, the first step of protein production, starts less than one millisecond after a cell is stretched – hundreds of times faster than chemical signals can travel, the researchers report.