blog postsAre the ultrawealthy breaking the law in avoiding taxes?Jun 16, 2021 8:00 am0 views An annual wealth tax could curb tax avoidance among the ultrawealthy, a University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign tax policy expert says.Model helps predict, analyze decision-making on adopting Type 2 diabetes medical guidelinesJun 14, 2021 8:45 am258 views A new computational framework incorporates social interactions to analyze how best to communicate about new medical guidelines to encourage their adoption.Are we experiencing another unaccompanied child 'crisis' at the southern US border?Jun 11, 2021 9:00 am269 views There’s no easy solution to the problem of unaccompanied migrant children at the southern U.S. border, a U. of I. expert says.Cholesterol metabolite induces production of cancer-promoting vesiclesJun 9, 2021 8:00 am429 views Scientists report that a byproduct of cholesterol metabolism causes some cells to send out cancer-promoting signals to other cells. These signals are packaged in membrane-bound compartments called extracellular vesicles.Children's book by U of I students teaches third graders about automotive engineeringJun 7, 2021 10:45 am1308 views A new book written and illustrated by two recent alumnae of the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign introduces third graders to the nuts and bolts of automotive mechanics and engineering.Why do we need a health care equity law?Jun 3, 2021 8:30 am495 views The Illinois Health Care and Human Services Reform Act has potential to address root causes of health disparities and foster health equity through provisions such as implicit bias training and community health workers, says Illinois professor Ruby Mendenhall. Beneficial arthropods find winter sanctuary in uncultivated field edges, study findsJun 3, 2021 8:00 am637 views Many species of ground-dwelling beetles, ladybugs, hoverflies, damsel bugs, spiders and parasitic wasps kill and eat pest species that routinely plague farmers, including aphids and corn rootworm larvae and adults. But the beneficial arthropods that live in or near cropped lands also are susceptible to insecticides and other farming practices that erase biodiversity on the landscape. A new study reveals that beneficial arthropods are nearly twice as abundant and diverse in uncultivated field edges in the spring as they are in areas that are cropped – if those field edges are rich in an array of flowers and other broad-leaved plants and not just mowed grass.What does the Chicago Tribune sale mean for the future of newsrooms?Jun 2, 2021 8:00 am566 views As more newspapers are purchased by “vulture” hedge funds – highlighted by the recent acquisition of Tribune Publishing Co. by Alden Global Capital LLC – University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign journalism professor Brant Houston touts nonprofit news organizations as a viable alternative to traditional newspaper business models.Illinois architecture professor awarded Graham Foundation grantJun 1, 2021 11:15 am759 views Architecture professor emerita T.F. Tierney will examine the role that federal lending practices played in maintaining racially segregated suburbs.Taking a cicada road tripMay 27, 2021 8:00 am1039 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. – A tough semester and an even tougher year have just ended. I need a break. I’m fully vaccinated and want to escape the yearlong lockdown. And I’m an entomologist. What do I do? I grab my best friend, also an entomologist, and we hit the road, of course. This is the year of my people’s “Woodstock.” Geology helps map kidney stone formation from tiny to troublesomeMay 25, 2021 1:00 pm1211 views Advanced microscope technology and cutting-edge geological science are giving new perspectives to an old medical mystery: How do kidney stones form, why are some people more susceptible to them and can they be prevented?Study examines how pandemic-related changes affect college students’ motivationMay 25, 2021 8:00 am675 views Some at-risk college students' motivation increased while living at home and learning remotely during the pandemic, despite concerns many would be negatively affected, researchers at the U. of I. found in a new study.Study: Fluorescent light clarifies relationship between heat stress and crop yieldMay 24, 2021 9:15 am821 views Scientists report that it is possible to detect and predict heat damage in crops by measuring the fluorescent light signature of plant leaves experiencing heat stress. If collected via satellite, this fluorescent signal could support widespread monitoring of growth and crop yield under the heat stress of climate change, the researchers say.Solid-state batteries line up for better performanceMay 20, 2021 10:00 am2832 views Solid-state batteries pack a lot of energy into a small space, but their electrodes are not good at keeping in touch with their electrolytes. Liquid electrolytes reach every nook and cranny of an electrode to spark energy, but liquids take up space without storing energy and fail over time. Researchers are now putting solid electrolytes in touch with electrodes made of strategically arranged materials – at the atomic level – and the results are helping drive better solid-state battery technologies.Why has violence erupted now between Israelis and Palestinians?May 20, 2021 9:15 am968 views A leadership vacuum and political maneuvering by both Israel and the Palestinians are fueling the violence between the two, said Rachel S. Harris, a professor in the Program in World and Comparative Literature and in The Program in Jewish Culture and Society.Nudges for default decisions influenced by time constraints, study saysMay 19, 2021 8:00 am615 views The default option is an easy way to “nudge” people toward a decision, but new research co-written by University of Illinois Distinguished Fellow in psychology Benjamin X. White finds that time constraints can play an important role in influencing decisions.Catching bats for conservationMay 18, 2021 8:00 am490 views The sun just dipped below the horizon and the warm early spring air mixes with the stone-chilled currents flowing out of the mine entrances. The nets are all hung and now we are just waiting for the bats to show up. This is my first mist-netting trip, but I have been warned this will not be a typical experience.Portable, affordable, accurate, fast: Team invents new COVID-19 testMay 18, 2021 4:00 am1562 views A new coronavirus test can get accurate results from a saliva sample in less than 30 minutes, researchers report in the journal Nature Communications. Many of the components of the hand-held device used in this technology can be 3D-printed, and the test can detect as little as one viral particle per 1-microliter drop of fluid.Paper: Sharp decline in women's labor force participation in Illinois due to COVID-19May 14, 2021 8:00 am687 views The COVID-19 pandemic exacerbated an existing child care crisis that disproportionately impacted and continues to affect working women, says Alison Dickson, a senior instructor in the School of Labor and Employment Relations at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign.Youths with diverse gender identities bullied up to three times more often than peers, study findsMay 12, 2021 9:15 am729 views Transgender youths are victimized as much as three times more often than students who identify as male or female, according to a study led by University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign social work professor Rachel Garthe.Illinois scholar's book describes Black struggle for land rights, reparations in BrazilMay 11, 2021 9:00 am486 views African American studies professor Merle Bowen argues that rural Black residents in Brazil deserve land reparations for the ongoing appropriation of their land by the Brazilian government and private interests.Intoxication brings strangers physically closer, study findsMay 10, 2021 2:00 pm778 views In a study with pandemic-related implications, researchers report that strangers who consume alcohol together may keep their distance initially – but draw physically closer as they become intoxicated. No previous studies have tested the effects of alcohol consumption on social distance, the researchers say. They report the new findings in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.U of I engineering professor appointed to US Department of Energy leadership roleMay 10, 2021 10:00 am3157 views Kathryn D. Huff, a professor of nuclear, plasma and radiological engineering in the Grainger College of Engineering, was sworn in today to a position in the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Nuclear Energy.Mantis shrimp-inspired camera provides second opinion during cancer surgeryMay 5, 2021 1:00 pm1386 views Some of the world’s greatest innovations, such as Leonardo da Vinci’s flying machine, owe their strength and elegance to natural design. Researchers from the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign have returned their gaze to the natural world to develop a camera inspired by the mantis shrimp that can visualize cancer cells during surgery.Paper: Work-refusal safety laws serve employees poorly during pandemicMay 4, 2021 8:00 am776 views Current work-refusal laws are out-of-step with modern workplaces and provide meager benefits to employees who decline to work when faced with risks involving chemicals, radiation and other microscopic or invisible hazards such as COVID-19, says research from Michael LeRoy, a professor of labor and employment relations at Illinois.Previously unrecognized tsunami hazard identified in coastal citiesMay 3, 2021 2:00 pm1471 views A new study found overlooked tsunami hazards related to undersea, near-shore strike-slip faults, especially for coastal cities adjacent to faults that traverse inland bays. Several areas around the world may fall into this category, including the San Francisco Bay area, Izmit Bay in Turkey and the Gulf of Al-Aqaba in Egypt.Anti-racist framework created by Illinois art professor helps identify racialized designApr 29, 2021 8:45 am1081 views The Racism Untaught framework is used in the classroom and in workshops for universities and corporations to identify design that perpetuates racism.Team builds better tool for assessing infant brain healthApr 29, 2021 12:00 am635 views Researchers have created a new, open-access tool that allows doctors and scientists to evaluate infant brain health by assessing the concentration of various chemical markers, called metabolites, in the brain. The tool compiled data from 140 infants to determine normal ranges for these metabolites.People of color hardest hit by air pollution from nearly all sourcesApr 28, 2021 1:00 pm870 views Various studies show that people of color are disproportionately exposed to air pollution in the United States. However, it was unclear whether this unequal exposure is due mainly to a few types of emission sources or whether the causes are more systemic. A new study that models peoples’ exposure to air pollution – resolved by race-ethnicity and income level – shows that exposure disparities among people of color and white people are driven by nearly all, rather than only a few, emission source types.Study finds green spaces linked to lower racial disparity in COVID-19 infection ratesApr 28, 2021 10:15 am929 views A new study is the first to examine the relationship between the supply of green spaces and reduced racial disparity in infectious disease rates.Illinois English professor awarded Carnegie FellowshipApr 28, 2021 9:00 am643 views Gillen D’Arcy Wood, whose work is in environmental humanities, has been awarded a 2021 Carnegie Fellowship.Is it time to get rid of the filibuster in the US Senate?Apr 28, 2021 8:00 am395 views Although it’s been weakened over the years, the mere threat of a legislative filibuster in the U.S. Senate still provides swing-vote senators with a number of tactical advantages in the form of leverage, bargaining power and media attention, said U. of I. political science professor Gisela Sin.Spring forest flowers likely a key to bumble bee survival, Illinois study findsApr 28, 2021 8:00 am2427 views Losses of springtime flowers in wooded landscapes likely undermine bumble bee health and survival, researchers report.Three Illinois faculty members elected to National Academy of SciencesApr 27, 2021 9:30 am2333 views Three University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign professors have been elected to the National Academy of Sciences, one of the highest professional honors a scientist can receive. Physics professor Nadya Mason and chemistry professors Ralph Nuzzo and Wilfred van der Donk are among 120 newly elected U.S. members – 59 of whom are women, the most elected in a single year – and 30 international members in recognition of their distinguished and continuing achievements in original research.Geographies of death: Study maps COVID-19 health disparities in Greater SantiagoApr 27, 2021 9:00 am367 views People up to age 40 living in economically depressed municipalities in the Greater Santiago, Chile, metropolitan area were three times more likely to die as a result of the infection than their counterparts in wealthier areas, researchers report in the journal Science.Four Illinois faculty members elected to American Academy of Arts and SciencesApr 23, 2021 8:30 am2553 views University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign College of Education Dean James Anderson, physics professor Nadya Mason, chemistry professor Nancy Makri and materials science and engineering professor Kenneth Schweizer have been elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, one of the oldest honor societies in the nation.COVID-19 mobility restrictions effective for short duration, study findsApr 22, 2021 12:00 pm638 views Attempts at restricting people’s mobility to control the spread of COVID-19 may be effective only for a short period, researchers said. A new study examines people’s mobility for seven months during the pandemic in the United States using publicly available, anonymized mobile phone data.Pondering a university's ecological impactApr 22, 2021 8:00 am682 views Earth Day has one science writer pondering how much research conducted at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign has direct ecological implications.How are social media changing higher education?Apr 22, 2021 8:00 am729 views Fear of reprisals from outraged parties on social media and unspoken rules about acceptable discourse on college campuses constrain what faculty members teach, research and discuss, says sociology professor Ilana Redstone.Expert: Public school speech case is potential watershed moment for cyberbullyingApr 19, 2021 8:00 am1179 views An upcoming U.S. Supreme Court case will be a major test of the First Amendment rights of K-12 public school students as well as the authority of school administrators to discipline students for cyberbullying, according to Benjamin Holden, a University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign journalism professor and media law scholar who studies free speech issues.K-12 Shield Playbook offers guidance for reopening schools amid ongoing pandemicApr 14, 2021 2:15 pm973 views A new resource is available to help guide teachers and school administrators as they reopen schools amid the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, assembled by researchers and experts at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. The K-12 Shield Playbook is based on the SHIELD Illinois program used to mitigate the COVID-19 pandemic at the university.Channel migration plays leading role in river network evolution, study findsApr 14, 2021 10:00 am652 views Satellite views of Earth’s major river systems reveal their familiar treelike drainage patterns. The pattern – called dendritic – and its prevalence suggests that it may be the optimal state in which rivers exist. Challenged by the knowledge that numerical models of drainage evolution have yet to substantiate this assumption, researchers are now thinking of rivers as existing in a persistent reorganizational state instead of being in a set, stable configuration. Understanding this has implications for land use and infrastructure management decisions.Three Illinois researchers receive ACLS FellowshipsApr 12, 2021 2:45 pm1057 views Bobby Smith II, a professor of African American studies; Retika Adhikari Desai, a Chancellor’s Postdoctoral Fellow in Asian American Studies; and Juliet Larkin-Gilmore, a Chancellor’s Postdoctoral Fellow in American Indian Studies, are 2021 ACLS Fellows.Social comparisons with similar people determine income's effect on happinessApr 12, 2021 2:15 pm538 views It’s the ability to compare ourselves with people of similar backgrounds who earn more and others who earn less that determines our level of happiness in states that have high wealth inequality, U. of I. sociologist Tim Liao found.Young adults may provide care for older relatives much more frequently than thoughtApr 12, 2021 9:30 am649 views Young adults and teens may provide care for adult relatives much more often than previously thought, according to a new study, though they worry about detriments to educational or career goals and would like more training and support. Illinois history professor awarded Guggenheim FellowshipApr 9, 2021 1:15 pm589 views History professor Kevin Mumford has been awarded a 2021 Guggenheim Fellowship. Mumford studies race, politics and sexuality in America.Team cracks eggs for scienceApr 8, 2021 8:00 am321 views Avian brood parasites lay their eggs in the nests of other bird species, forcing the hosts to do the hard work of raising the unrelated young. A team of scientists wanted to simulate the task of piercing an egg – a tactic that only a minority of host birds use to help grasp and eject the foreign eggs. Published in the Journal of Experimental Biology, the study offers insight into some of the physical challenges the discriminating host birds face.Study links prenatal phthalate exposure to altered information processing in infantsApr 6, 2021 7:30 am18581 views Researchers have found evidence linking pregnant women’s exposure to phthalates to altered cognitive outcomes in their infants.New 3D microbatteries stand up to industry standard thin-film counterpartsApr 5, 2021 8:00 am1034 views The thin-film lithium-ion batteries used in microdevices such as portable and medical electronics may supply a good amount of power relative to their mass, but do not provide enough power for many devices due to their limited size. Researchers have introduced a fabrication process that builds microbatteries with thick, 3D electrodes using lithography and electrodeposition – and seals each unit in a gel electrolyte-filled package. The new prototype shows the highest peak power density of any reported microbatteries, the researchers said.Hubble Space Telescope spots double quasars in merging galaxiesApr 1, 2021 10:00 am1299 views NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope is seeing double, uncovering two very close pairs of quasars that existed 10 billion years ago. The objects are close together because astronomers believe they resided in a pair of merging galaxies.