Electronic health record system increases clinicians' cognitive workload, study finds Mar 22, 2021 10:15 am5117 views Adopting a new electronic health records system doubled the amount of cognitive effort clinicians at two urgent care clinics expended during the first six months after implementation, researchers found in a recent study. Theory: Flexibility is at the heart of human intelligence Nov 20, 2017 8:30 am5100 views Centuries of study have yielded many theories about how the brain gives rise to human intelligence. A new theory makes the case that the brain’s dynamic properties – how it is wired but also how that wiring shifts in response to changing intellectual demands – are the best predictors of intelligence in the human brain. Octopus-inspired sucker transfers thin, delicate tissue grafts and biosensors Oct 16, 2020 2:00 pm5022 views Thin tissue grafts and flexible electronics have a host of applications for wound healing, regenerative medicine and biosensing. A new device inspired by an octopus’s sucker rapidly transfers delicate tissue or electronic sheets to the patient, overcoming a key barrier to clinical application, report researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and collaborators. Study finds 'staggering increase' in methamphetamine deaths tied to opioid co-use Feb 20, 2023 8:15 am4958 views The U.S. methamphetamine mortality rate increased fiftyfold between 1999 and 2021, with most of the added deaths also involving heroin or fentanyl, researchers report in the American Journal of Public Health. Carle Illinois College of Medicine receives preliminary accreditation Oct 16, 2017 12:00 am4901 views The Carle Illinois College of Medicine, the first engineering-based medical school, has received preliminary acreditation from the Liaison Committee on Medical Education and is recruiting students for its first class. Study identifies molecule that stimulates muscle-building Aug 9, 2021 8:00 am4889 views In a randomized control study of 10 healthy young men, researchers compared how consuming the single amino acid leucine or its two-molecule equivalent, dileucine, influenced muscle-building and breakdown. They found that dileucine boosts the metabolic processes that drive muscle growth 42% more than free leucine does. More protein doesn't mean more strength in resistance-trained middle-aged adults Mar 25, 2021 7:30 am4658 views A 10-week muscle-building and dietary program involving 50 middle-aged adults found no evidence that eating a high-protein diet increased strength or muscle mass more than consuming a moderate amount of protein while training. The intervention involved a standard strength-training protocol with sessions three times per week. None of the participants had previous weightlifting experience. Lutein may counter cognitive aging, study finds Jul 24, 2017 12:45 pm4629 views Spinach and kale are favorites of those looking to stay physically fit, but they also could keep consumers cognitively fit, according to a new study from University of Illinois researchers. Study links responsible behavior in high school to life success 50 years later Feb 26, 2018 8:15 am4606 views A new study links doing one’s homework, being interested and behaving responsibly in high school to better academic and career success as many as 50 years later. This effect, reported in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, holds true even after accounting for parental income, IQ and other factors known to influence achievement, researchers report. Breastfed babies less likely to be picky eaters as toddlers Mar 8, 2012 9:00 am4538 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Babies who are breastfed exclusively for their first six months of life may be less likely to become picky eaters as preschoolers, according to a recent study of 129 mothers and their children. Bacterial hole puncher could be new broad-spectrum antibiotic Oct 27, 2015 11:00 am4527 views Bacteria have many methods of adapting to resist antibiotics, but a new class of spiral polypeptides developed at the University of Illinois targets one thing no bacterium can live without: an outer membrane. What is the coronavirus spreading across the globe? Jan 23, 2020 10:30 am4502 views The first case of a novel strain of coronavirus has been confirmed in the United States. Virologist Leyi Wang, a professor of Veterinary Medicine at the University of Illinois, discussed the outbreak of the new strain with News Bureau biomedical sciences editor Liz Ahlberg Touchstone. Study: Tasting no-calorie sweetener may affect insulin response on glucose tolerance test Jan 29, 2020 11:15 am4492 views Simply tasting or consuming sucralose may affect blood glucose and insulin levels on glucose tolerance tests, scientists at the University of Illinois found in a new study. What does a 1960s epidemic tell us about Zika? Aug 18, 2016 10:30 am4454 views With its easy-to-miss symptoms and link to birth defects, the Zika virus is very similar to German measles (rubella), according to history professor Leslie Reagan Tim Nugent a pioneer in changing life for people with disabilities Nov 12, 2015 1:15 pm4280 views Tim Nugent, who died Wednesday at the age of 92 in Urbana, Illinois, was a visionary who changed the world for people with disabilities. Starting with a small program at the University of Illinois a few years after World War II – but for years with little support, and often outright opposition – Nugent sought to change both the opportunities for people with disabilities and public attitudes about them. Inexpensive, portable detector identifies pathogens in minutes Apr 23, 2020 12:00 pm4277 views Most viral test kits rely on labor- and time-intensive laboratory preparation and analysis techniques; for example, tests for the novel coronavirus can take days to detect the virus from nasal swabs. Now, researchers have demonstrated an inexpensive yet sensitive smartphone-based testing device for viral and bacterial pathogens that takes about 30 minutes to complete. The roughly $50 smartphone accessory could reduce the pressure on testing laboratories during a pandemic such as COVID-19. Slowing dangerous bacteria may be more effective than killing them, researchers report Aug 17, 2017 9:45 am4255 views A new study suggests it may be possible to slow dangerous infections by manipulating the messages microbes send to one another, allowing the body to defeat an infection without causing the bacteria to develop resistance to the treatment. Diet beverage drinkers compensate by eating unhealthy food, study finds Sep 11, 2015 12:00 am4190 views Study finds that people who drink diet beverages may compensate by eating additional food that is higher in fat, cholesterol and sodium. Optimistic people sleep better, longer, study finds Aug 7, 2019 9:00 am4138 views People who are the most optimistic tend to be better sleepers, University of Illinois social work professor Rosalba Hernandez found in a new study of 3,500 young and middle-aged adults. What happens when the coronavirus mutates? Jan 5, 2021 8:15 am4109 views New mutations to the coronavirus that causes COVID-19 are emerging, including a more-infectious variant first found in the United Kingdom, even as vaccines containing bits of viral genetic material are beginning distribution. In an interview, crop sciences professor Gustavo Caetano-Anollés discusses viral mutation and what it could mean for vaccinations. Loss of senses of smell, taste could identify COVID-19 carriers Apr 14, 2020 2:45 pm4106 views M. Yanina Pepino of the U. of I. is on a global team of experts investigating the abrupt loss of the senses of smell and taste with COVID-19 infection. What are the novel coronavirus health risks? Feb 28, 2020 9:45 am4100 views The novel coronavirus that first broke out in Wuhan, China in late 2019 has now spread to 111 countries. As the first case of possible community spread has been reported in the United States, a professor at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign discusses how the virus spreads and what makes it a public health concern. New camera gives surgeons a butterfly’s-eye view of cancer Apr 5, 2018 9:00 am4099 views Cancer lurking in tissue could be more easily found when looking through a butterfly’s eye. Online smell, taste challenge offered as early detection tool for COVID-19 Jan 25, 2021 3:00 pm4091 views The smell and taste challenge, developed by the Global Consortium for Chemosensory Research, is a web-based tool people can use to easily monitor changes in these senses using their favorite morning beverage. Lone Star ticks in Illinois can carry, transmit Heartland virus Jul 23, 2020 9:15 am4028 views Researchers have confirmed that Heartland virus, an emerging pathogen with potentially dire consequences for those infected, is present in Lone Star ticks in two Illinois counties hundreds of miles apart. Lone Star ticks were first detected in Illinois in 1999 but had not been found to be infected with Heartland virus in the state. Beyond the big ads: teaching kids ad literacy and nutrition in grade school classrooms Feb 4, 2016 1:45 pm4017 views The Super Bowl will feature car ads, beer ads, food ads – but probably none for carrots. Most food ads, game time or anytime, are pitching less-healthy fare. Kids are often the target. Do they understand what an ad is? Who made it and why? Advertising professor Michelle Nelson worked with an Illinois school district to develop an advertising literacy curriculum that also promotes healthy eating. Team explores the effects of exercise on ulcerative colitis Jul 2, 2013 9:00 am3974 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - A new study indicates that aerobic exercise can lessen - or worsen - the symptoms of inflammatory bowel diseases such as ulcerative colitis, depending on the circumstances under which the exercise is undertaken. Carle Illinois College of Medicine granted provisional accreditation Feb 22, 2021 9:00 am3959 views The Carle Illinois College of Medicine, a partnership between the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign and Carle Health, has been granted provisional accreditation by the Liaison Committee on Medical Education. Provisional accreditation affirms that a medical school meets nationally accepted standards of educational quality and can move forward with plans to build a sustainable medical education program. Physically fit children appear to do better in classroom, researchers say Oct 18, 2004 9:00 am3948 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - The health benefits of exercise - across the lifespan - have been well documented. More recently, scientists have begun to demonstrate that exercise also may improve cognitive functioning in older adults. Scientists test nanoparticle drug delivery in dogs with osteosarcoma Jul 25, 2016 2:00 pm3935 views At the University of Illinois, an engineer teamed up with a veterinarian to test a bone cancer drug delivery system in animals bigger than the standard animal model, the mouse. They chose dogs – mammals closer in size and biology to humans – with naturally occurring bone cancers, which also are a lot like human bone tumors. New tissue-imaging technology could enable real-time diagnostics, map cancer progression Jun 20, 2018 8:00 am3908 views A new microscope system can image living tissue in real time and in molecular detail, without any chemicals or dyes, report researchers at the University of Illinois. Human trials of cancer drug PAC-1 continue with new investment May 24, 2016 1:45 pm3903 views Clinical trials of the anti-cancer agent PAC-1 are continuing to expand, thanks to a $7 million angel investment from an anonymous contributor who originally invested $4 million to help get the compound this far in the drug-approval pipeline. Antibiotic breakthrough: Team discovers how to overcome gram-negative bacterial defenses May 10, 2017 12:00 pm3896 views Scientists report that they now know how to build a molecular Trojan horse that can penetrate gram-negative bacteria, solving a problem that for decades has stalled the development of effective new antibiotics against these increasingly drug-resistant microbes. The findings appear in the journal Nature. Light can trigger key signaling pathway for embryonic development, cancer Aug 17, 2021 12:45 pm3885 views Blue light is illuminating new understanding of a key signaling pathway in embryo development, tissue maintenance and cancer genesis. Illinois researchers developed a method that makes membrane-bound receptors reactive to light, triggering the Wnt pathway. Massive simulation shows HIV capsid interacting with its environment Jul 19, 2017 8:30 am3872 views It took two years on a supercomputer to simulate 1.2 microseconds in the life of the HIV capsid, a protein cage that shuttles the HIV virus to the nucleus of a human cell. The 64-million-atom simulation offers new insights into how the virus senses its environment and completes its infective cycle. SHIELD program a model for effective pandemic management, data show Jun 9, 2022 7:30 am3855 views In the fall of 2020, the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign welcomed students back for in-person instruction amid the powerful first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. The university successfully maintained operations throughout the semester – with zero COVID-19-related deaths or hospitalizations in the campus community – thanks to its “SHIELD: Target, Test, Tell” program. In a sweeping report, the team behind the campuswide collaboration details the innovations in modeling, saliva testing and results reporting that helped mitigate the spread of the virus, and shares the data collected and lessons learned through the process. Wu earns NIH Director's New Innovator Award Oct 5, 2021 9:45 am3707 views Biochemistry professor Nicholas Wu has received a 2021 NIH Director’s New Innovator Award. His project aims to understand how antibodies interact with their targets. ‘Molecular prosthetics’ can replace missing proteins to treat disease May 11, 2017 1:00 pm3688 views Researchers have demonstrated that a small molecule can transport iron in human cells and live animals when proteins that normally do the same job are missing, a condition that often causes severe anemia in patients. Such “molecular prosthetics” might treat a host of incurable diseases caused by protein deficiencies, such as anemias, cystic fibrosis or certain types of heart disease. Does hunting with lead ammunition endanger human, environmental health? Nov 12, 2020 8:45 am3652 views A recent study from Wesleyan University found that 48% of ground meat samples made from white-tailed deer killed with lead shotgun slugs in Illinois were contaminated with lead, while meat from deer killed by archers contained no lead. Illinois Natural History Survey human dimensions scientist Craig Miller spoke to News Bureau life sciences editor Diana Yates about the risks associated with lead ammunition in hunting. Report: A host of common chemicals endanger child brain development Jul 1, 2016 9:15 am3648 views In a new report, dozens of scientists, health practitioners and children’s health advocates are calling for renewed attention to the growing evidence that many common and widely available chemicals endanger neurodevelopment in fetuses and children of all ages. Prosthetic arms can provide controlled sensory feedback, study finds Apr 26, 2018 2:45 pm3556 views Losing an arm doesn’t have to mean losing all sense of touch, thanks to prosthetic arms that stimulate nerves with mild electrical feedback. University of Illinois researchers have developed a control algorithm that regulates the current so a prosthetics user feels steady sensation, even when the electrodes begin to peel off or when sweat builds up. Smart surgical implant coatings provide early failure warning while preventing infection May 5, 2023 12:30 pm3497 views Newly developed “smart” coatings for surgical orthopedic implants can monitor strain on the devices to provide early warning of implant failures while killing infection-causing bacteria, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign researchers report. The coatings integrate flexible sensors with a nanostructured antibacterial surface inspired by the wings of dragonflies and cicadas. Tumor-targeting system uses cancer’s own mechanisms to betray its location Feb 14, 2017 9:00 am3451 views By hijacking a cancer cell’s own metabolism, researchers have found a way to tag and target elusive cancers with small-molecule sugars. This opens treatment pathways for cancers that are not responsive to conventional targeted antibodies, such as triple-negative breast cancer. Study: Kidney stones have distinct geological histories Sep 13, 2018 4:00 am3383 views A geologist, a microscopist and a doctor walk into a lab and, with their colleagues from across the nation, make a discovery that overturns centuries of thought about the nature and composition of kidney stones. The team’s key insight, reported in the journal Scientific Reports, is that kidney stones are built up in calcium-rich layers that resemble other mineralizations in nature, such as those forming coral reefs or arising in hot springs, Roman aqueducts or subsurface oil fields. Study finds brain markers of numeric, verbal and spatial reasoning abilities Jun 20, 2016 10:00 am3382 views A new study begins to clarify how brain structure and chemistry give rise to specific aspects of what researchers call “fluid intelligence,” the ability to adapt to new situations and to solve problems one has never encountered before. Study: Serving water with school lunches could prevent child, adult obesity Nov 7, 2017 8:00 am3381 views Encouraging children to drink water with their school lunches could prevent more than half a million cases of child obesity and overweight -- and trim the medical and societal costs by more than $13 billion, a new study suggests. Vaccine study now open for student enrollment Mar 22, 2021 11:15 am3354 views Students at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign who have not yet been vaccinated against COVID-19 can enroll in a study to help understand the effectiveness of vaccines in reducing the spread of the coronavirus. Participants will be paid and could receive the vaccine as soon as April 1. Study: Higher mass transit use associated with lower obesity rates May 16, 2017 10:30 am3235 views Healthy mass transit systems could contribute to healthier communities, according to a new study by University of Illinois researchers that determined higher mass transit use was correlated with lower obesity rates in counties across the United States. Products of omega-3 fatty acid metabolism may have anticancer effects, study shows Jul 12, 2018 9:30 am3219 views A class of molecules formed when the body metabolizes omega-3 fatty acids could inhibit cancer’s growth and spread, University of Illinois researchers report in a new study in mice. Sensors detect disease markers in breath May 18, 2017 11:45 am3216 views A small, thin square of an organic plastic that can detect disease markers in breath or toxins in a building’s air could soon be the basis of portable, disposable sensor devices. By riddling the thin plastic films with pores, University of Illinois researchers made the devices sensitive enough to detect at levels that are far too low to smell, yet are important to human health.