blog posts100-year-old trans fat pioneer celebrates news of an FDA banJun 4, 2015 1:00 pm2250 views A Minute With™... Fred Kummerow, trans fat expertProsthetic arms can provide controlled sensory feedback, study findsApr 26, 2018 2:45 pm2233 views Losing an arm doesn’t have to mean losing all sense of touch, thanks to prosthetic arms that stimulate nerves with mild electrical feedback. University of Illinois researchers have developed a control algorithm that regulates the current so a prosthetics user feels steady sensation, even when the electrodes begin to peel off or when sweat builds up. ‘Molecular prosthetics’ can replace missing proteins to treat diseaseMay 11, 2017 1:00 pm2168 views Researchers have demonstrated that a small molecule can transport iron in human cells and live animals when proteins that normally do the same job are missing, a condition that often causes severe anemia in patients. Such “molecular prosthetics” might treat a host of incurable diseases caused by protein deficiencies, such as anemias, cystic fibrosis or certain types of heart disease.Portable device can quickly determine the extent of an eye injuryDec 8, 2015 8:45 am2145 views An engineer and an ophthalmologist are working together to develop a portable sensor that can quickly and inexpensively determine whether an eye injury is mild or severe. The device, called OcuCheck, works by measuring levels of vitamin C in the fluids that coat or leak from the eye. The sensor could speed efforts to determine the extent of eye injuries at accident sites, in rural areas lacking ophthalmology specialists or on the battlefield, the researchers said.Maternal protein deficiency during pregnancy ‘memorized’ by fetal muscle cellsSep 18, 2015 8:45 am2106 views A new study has uncovered the genetic processes that link insufficient protein consumption during pregnancy with the development of muscle problems in mothers and their male offspring.Sensors detect disease markers in breathMay 18, 2017 11:45 am2039 views A small, thin square of an organic plastic that can detect disease markers in breath or toxins in a building’s air could soon be the basis of portable, disposable sensor devices. By riddling the thin plastic films with pores, University of Illinois researchers made the devices sensitive enough to detect at levels that are far too low to smell, yet are important to human health.Scientists identify genes that disrupt response to breast cancer treatmentSep 7, 2016 9:45 am1904 views Scientists at the University of Illinois may have unlocked the genetic code that determines why many patients with estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer fail to respond to the widely used drug tamoxifen.Carefully crafted light pulses control neuron activityNov 17, 2017 9:45 am1896 views Specially tailored, ultrafast pulses of light can trigger neurons to fire and could one day help patients with light-sensitive circadian or mood problems, according to a new study in mice at the University of Illinois.Preschoolers form body images – but parents are unaware, study saysOct 5, 2016 8:45 am1861 views Preschoolers may express awareness about body-image issues – but their parents may miss opportunities to promote positive body-image formation in their children because parents believe them to be too young to have these concerns, new research suggests.Beyond the big ads: teaching kids ad literacy and nutrition in grade school classroomsFeb 4, 2016 1:45 pm1854 views The Super Bowl will feature car ads, beer ads, food ads – but probably none for carrots. Most food ads, game time or anytime, are pitching less-healthy fare. Kids are often the target. Do they understand what an ad is? Who made it and why? Advertising professor Michelle Nelson worked with an Illinois school district to develop an advertising literacy curriculum that also promotes healthy eating. Watching 3-D videos of trees helps people recover from stress, researchers sayOct 21, 2014 9:00 am1822 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Writers, outdoor enthusiasts and leaf-peeping tourists have known for centuries that nature has restorative powers that reduce feelings of stress and promote a sense of tranquility.Brain tissue structure could explain link between fitness and memoryApr 28, 2017 9:15 am1788 views Studies have suggested a link between fitness and memory, but researchers have struggled to find the mechanism that links them. A new study by University of Illinois researchers found that the key may lie in the microstructure of the hippocampus, a region in the middle of the brain involved in memory processes.Study finds brain markers of numeric, verbal and spatial reasoning abilitiesJun 20, 2016 10:00 am1768 views A new study begins to clarify how brain structure and chemistry give rise to specific aspects of what researchers call “fluid intelligence,” the ability to adapt to new situations and to solve problems one has never encountered before.Study: Childhood concussions impair brain functionDec 18, 2015 9:30 am1753 views A new study finds that pre-adolescent children who have sustained sports-related concussions have impaired brain function two years following injury.Stem cells from muscle could address diabetes-related circulation problemsNov 6, 2017 10:45 am1732 views Stem cells taken from muscle tissue could promote better blood flow in patients with diabetes who develop peripheral artery disease, a painful complication that can require surgery or lead to amputation.Lessons in nature boost classroom engagement afterward, researchers reportJan 17, 2018 10:30 am1724 views Third-graders who spend a class session in a natural outdoor setting are more engaged and less distracted in their regular classroom afterward than when they remain indoors, scientists found in a new study.Old drugs, new tricks: Medications approved for other uses also have antibiotic actionDec 22, 2015 9:15 am1554 views A number of drugs already approved to treat parasitic infections, cancers, infertility and other conditions also show promise as antibiotic agents against staph and tuberculosis infections, according to a new study by University of Illinois chemists and collaborators.Slowing dangerous bacteria may be more effective than killing them, researchers reportAug 17, 2017 9:45 am1503 views A new study suggests it may be possible to slow dangerous infections by manipulating the messages microbes send to one another, allowing the body to defeat an infection without causing the bacteria to develop resistance to the treatment.Emotional suppression reduces memory of negative eventsMar 13, 2018 8:15 am1501 views By peering at the brains of study subjects prompted to suppress negative emotions, scientists have gained new insights into how emotional regulation influences negative feelings and memories. They hope the findings will lead to new methods to combat depression.Breastfed babies less likely to be picky eaters as toddlersMar 8, 2012 9:00 am1472 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Babies who are breastfed exclusively for their first six months of life may be less likely to become picky eaters as preschoolers, according to a recent study of 129 mothers and their children.Study links brain structure, anxiety and negative bias in healthy adultsApr 13, 2017 10:30 am1461 views Healthy college students who have a relatively small inferior frontal cortex – a brain region behind the temples that helps regulate thoughts and emotions – are more likely than others to suffer from anxiety, a new study finds. They also tend to view neutral or even positive events in a negative light, researchers report.Fred A. Kummerow, successful crusader against trans fats, dies at 102Jun 1, 2017 2:45 pm1446 views Fred A. Kummerow, a pioneer in the study of dietary contributors to heart disease who led a decades-long crusade to remove trans fats from the food supply, died Wednesday, May 31, at his home in Urbana, Illinois. He was 102.Tailored sexual health messages urgently needed for young female tourists, expert saysMar 21, 2017 8:45 am1414 views With both tourism and casual “hookup” sex on the rise among college-age adults, there’s an urgent need for sexual health campaigns aimed at young female tourists who are sexual risk-takers, University of Illinois scholar Liza Berdychevsky suggests.Should we worry about ticks this summer?Jun 27, 2018 9:30 am1405 views Editor’s note: The number of tick-borne illnesses diagnosed annually in the United States doubled between 2004 and 2016, according to a recent report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Summer is prime tick season, and people spending time outdoors should be vigilant, says University of Illinois entomology professor Brian F. Allan. An expert in the spread of insect- and tick-borne diseases, Allan discussed ticks in Illinois, how to prevent bites and when to seek medical attention in an interview with News Bureau biomedical sciences editor Liz Ahlberg Touchstone.DNA enzyme shuffles cell membranes a thousand times faster than its natural counterpartJun 21, 2018 4:00 am1377 views A new synthetic enzyme, crafted from DNA rather than protein, flips lipid molecules within the cell membrane, triggering a signal pathway that could be harnessed to induce cell death in cancer cells. It is the first such synthetic enzyme to outperform its natural counterparts.Distracted dining? Steer clear of it!Dec 3, 2015 9:00 am1369 views A new University of Illinois study reveals that distracted dining may be as dangerous to your health as distracted driving is to your safety on the highway.Paper: Nutrition label readers favor food quality over quantityApr 18, 2017 8:45 am1356 views Although nutrition-label users eat roughly the same amount of food as less-discerning diners, the two groups diverge when it comes to the quality of the food they eat, says a new paper co-written by Brenna Ellison, a professor of agriculture and consumer economics at Illinois and an expert in consumer food preferences and behaviors.CRISPR mines bacterial genome for hidden pharmaceutical treasureApr 10, 2017 10:00 am1318 views In the fight against disease, many weapons in the medicinal arsenal have been plundered from bacteria themselves. Using CRISPR-Cas9 gene-editing technology, researchers have now uncovered even more potential treasure hidden in silent genes.Increased risk of suicide, mental health conditions linked to sexual assault victimizationAug 8, 2017 4:00 pm1292 views An analysis of nearly 200 independent studies involving more than 230,000 adult participants finds that having been sexually assaulted is associated with significantly increased risk of anxiety, depression, suicidality, post-traumatic stress disorder, substance abuse, obsessive-compulsive disorder and bipolar disorder.Science at Illinois feeds the world, furthers health, protects the planetApr 17, 2017 8:30 am1263 views Illinois scientists are helping power plants run more efficiently, designing better, longer-lasting batteries, finding new ways to target cancerous tumors, and developing robots that can aid in construction, in agricultural fields and even inside the human body.Nanopores could map small changes in DNA that signal big shifts in cancerApr 12, 2017 10:00 am1244 views Detecting cancer early, just as changes are beginning in DNA, could enhance diagnosis and treatment as well as further our understanding of the disease. A new study by University of Illinois researchers describes a method to detect, count and map tiny additions to DNA called methylations, which can be a warning sign of cancer, with unprecedented resolution.Study identifies key player in heart enlargementJun 27, 2017 10:15 am1229 views The heart is a dynamic muscle that grows and shrinks in response to stressors such as exercise and disease. The secret to its malleability lies in individual cells, which get bigger or smaller depending on the heart’s needs. A new study of mouse hearts reveals a previously unknown mechanism by which heart cells control their size by ramping up or stopping the production of a key factor called PABPC1. The findings, reported in the journal eLife, could assist in the development of therapeutics that promote healthy heart growth and prevent disease.Sleep problems in menopause linked to hot flashes, depression - and may not lastFeb 19, 2018 9:15 am1227 views A new study of middle-aged women found that sleep problems vary across the stages of menopause, yet are consistently correlated with hot flashes and depression.Tiny exports signal big shifts in cancer tissue, researchers findJan 25, 2017 1:30 pm1224 views Microscopic shifts in metabolism and increases in tiny transport vesicles out of tumor cells preface larger changes to the tumor environment and could prepare the way for cancerous cells to spread and metastasize, University of Illinois researchers report.Cognitive cross-training enhances learning, study findsJul 25, 2017 9:00 am1219 views Just as athletes cross-train to improve physical skills, those wanting to enhance cognitive skills can benefit from multiple ways of exercising the brain, according to a comprehensive new study from University of Illinois researchers.Report: People buy most of their junk food at the supermarketAug 9, 2016 9:15 am1209 views An analysis of a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults reveals that access to healthy foods in a supermarket does not hinder Americans’ consumption of empty calories. In fact, the study found, U.S. adults buy the bulk of their sugar-sweetened beverages and nutrient-poor discretionary foods at supermarkets and grocery stores. The findings challenge the "food desert" hypothesis.Study of sleep apps finds room for improvementApr 12, 2017 8:30 am1206 views An analysis of 35 popular phone-based sleep apps finds that while most help users set sleep-related goals and track and manage their sleep, few make use of other methods known to help the chronically sleep-deprived.Tiny drug-delivering capsules could sustain transplanted insulin-producing cells for diabeticsFeb 12, 2018 9:15 am1193 views A drug-carrying microsphere within a cell-bearing microcapsule could be the key to transplanting insulin-secreting pig pancreas cells into human patients whose own cells have been destroyed by type I diabetes.Shape-shifting agent targets harmful bacteria in the stomachNov 13, 2017 2:00 pm1193 views A new shape-shifting polymer can target and kill Helicobacter pylori bacteria in the stomach without killing helpful bacteria in the gut.Study examines dietary fats’ impact on healthy, obese adultsAug 30, 2017 9:30 am1170 views Metabolically healthy obese adults consuming a diet high in unsaturated fat and low in saturated fat may be able to decrease their total cholesterol by 10 points, a new University of Illinois study suggests.Study: Strength of brain connectivity varies with fitness level in older adultsNov 5, 2015 9:45 am1162 views A new study shows that age-related differences in brain health – specifically the strength of connections between different regions of the brain – vary with fitness level in older adults.Parents’ binge eating, restrictive feeding practices may be reactions to children’s emotionsMar 30, 2016 9:00 am1152 views A new study of more than 440 parents and their preschoolers offers insight into why some parents who binge eat also may try to restrict their children’s food intake, placing their children at higher risk for unhealthy eating habits and weight problems.Drugs with multiple targets show promise against myotonic dystrophy type 1Nov 9, 2015 11:15 am1137 views Efforts to treat myotonic dystrophy type 1, the most common form of muscular dystrophy, are in their infancy. In a new study, researchers report they have added new capabilities to an experimental drug agent that previously defeated only one of DM1’s many modes of action. Their retooled compounds interrupt the disease’s pathology in three ways.Study links neighborhood factors, breast cancer rates in African-American womenJun 1, 2018 10:15 am1126 views Neighborhood characteristics are associated with late-stage diagnoses and higher mortality rates among urban African-American women, a new study shows.Structure of protein that forms fibrils in Parkinson's patients could lead to new diagnostic and treatment optionsMar 28, 2016 10:15 am1121 views Chemists have identified the complex chemical structure of the protein that stacks together to form fibrils in the brains of Parkinson’s disease patients. Armed with this knowledge, researchers can identify specific targets for diagnosis and treatment.Adults with disabilities on Medicaid wait list most likely to have unmet service needsOct 6, 2016 1:30 pm1055 views Adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities on Illinois’ Medicaid wait list who are minorities, in poor health or unable to speak are more likely to have unmet service needs, a new study by University of Illinois researchers found.Why you should factor driving into your weight loss planJan 8, 2016 10:00 am1051 views A Minute With...™ Sheldon Jacobson, expert on data scienceTeam explores the effects of exercise on ulcerative colitisJul 2, 2013 9:00 am1037 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - A new study indicates that aerobic exercise can lessen - or worsen - the symptoms of inflammatory bowel diseases such as ulcerative colitis, depending on the circumstances under which the exercise is undertaken.Nondrug interventions improve quality of life for Chinese cancer patientsNov 17, 2015 10:00 am1016 views A meta-analysis of dozens of studies of traditional Chinese medicine and other nonpharmacological interventions meant to improve patients’ quality of life affirms that these approaches, on the whole, help alleviate depression, fatigue, pain, anxiety, insomnia and gastrointestinal problems in Chinese cancer patients.Health care, research failing to adapt to US’ growing multiracial populationOct 12, 2015 10:00 am1013 views University of Illinois social work professor Karen Tabb Dina found that multiracial youth who switch racial identities over time report being healthier as young adults than their minority peers who maintain consistent racial identities.