blog postsStudy: Strength of brain connectivity varies with fitness level in older adultsNov 5, 2015 9:45 am1144 views A new study shows that age-related differences in brain health – specifically the strength of connections between different regions of the brain – vary with fitness level in older adults.Study: Serving water with school lunches could prevent child, adult obesityNov 7, 2017 8:00 am2505 views Encouraging children to drink water with their school lunches could prevent more than half a million cases of child obesity and overweight -- and trim the medical and societal costs by more than $13 billion, a new study suggests.Study: 'Run-down' feeling with illness may last longer as people ageOct 11, 2005 9:00 am22 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Aging may intensify and prolong feeling run down when common infections like the flu occur, according to researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.Study: Restaurant meals can be as bad for your waistline as fast food isJul 1, 2015 9:00 am764 views When Americans go out to eat, either at a fast-food outlet or a full-service restaurant, they consume, on average, about 200 more calories a day than when they stay home for meals, a new study reports. They also take in more fat, saturated fat, cholesterol and sodium than those who prepare and eat their meals at home.Study recalculates cost of combination vaccinesApr 17, 2014 9:00 am61 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - One of the most popular vaccine brands for children may not be the most cost-effective choice. And doctors may be overlooking some cost factors when choosing vaccines, driving the market toward what is actually a more expensive option, according to a new study by University of Illinois researchers.Study: Omega-3 fatty acids fight inflammation via cannabinoidsJul 18, 2017 10:00 am3453 views Chemical compounds called cannabinoids are found in marijuana and also are produced naturally in the body from omega-3 fatty acids. A well-known cannabinoid in marijuana, THC, is responsible for some of its euphoric effects, but it also has anti-inflammatory benefits. A new study in animal tissue reveals the cascade of chemical reactions that convert omega-3 fatty acids into cannabinoids that have anti-inflammatory benefits – but without the psychotropic high. Study of sleep apps finds room for improvementApr 12, 2017 8:30 am1149 views An analysis of 35 popular phone-based sleep apps finds that while most help users set sleep-related goals and track and manage their sleep, few make use of other methods known to help the chronically sleep-deprived.Study offers new insight into powerful inflammatory regulatorMay 1, 2017 2:00 pm439 views A new study in mice reveals how a protein called Brd4 boosts the inflammatory response – for better and for worse, depending on the ailment. The study is the first to show that this protein, while problematic in some circumstances, also can protect the body from infection.Study: Many in U.S. have poor nutrition, with the disabled doing worstOct 23, 2014 9:00 am179 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - A new study finds that most U.S. adults fail to meet recommended daily levels of 10 key nutrients, and those with disabilities have even worse nutrition than average.Study looks at what older people think causes hypertensionFeb 20, 2014 9:00 am45 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Older adults with hypertension may have dramatically different perceptions about the cause of their condition depending upon where they live, their ethnicity and other demographic characteristics, suggests new research that involved older adults in Arizona and Illinois.Study looks at how mental health care affects outcomes for foster childrenJan 13, 2009 9:00 am70 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Of the approximately half-million children and adolescents in foster care in the U.S., experts estimate that 42 to 60 percent of them have emotional and behavioral problems. Despite the prevalence of mental health problems among foster children, little is known about how pre-existing mental health conditions affect their outcomes in foster care.Study links sulfide-producing bacteria and colon cancer in African-AmericansMar 15, 2017 9:15 am721 views A new study reveals that African-Americans have measurable differences in the number and type of bacteria that live in the colon – and those differences are related to their higher-than-average colon cancer risk.Study links responsible behavior in high school to life success 50 years laterFeb 26, 2018 8:15 am1945 views A new study links doing one’s homework, being interested and behaving responsibly in high school to better academic and career success as many as 50 years later. This effect, reported in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, holds true even after accounting for parental income, IQ and other factors known to influence achievement, researchers report.Study links physical activity to greater mental flexibility in older adultsAug 24, 2015 8:00 am437 views One day soon, doctors may be able to determine how physically active you are simply by imaging your brain. Studies have shown that physically fit people tend to have larger brain volumes and more intact white matter than their less-fit peers. Now a new study reveals that older adults who regularly engage in moderate to vigorous physical activity have more variable brain activity at rest than those who don’t. This variability is associated with better cognitive performance, the researchers say.Study links nutrition to brain health and intelligence in older adultsDec 13, 2016 8:45 am4968 views A study of older adults offers insight into how a pigment found in leafy greens that tends to accumulate in brain tissue may contribute to the preservation of “crystallized intelligence,” the ability to use the skills and knowledge one has acquired over a lifetime.Study links cardiorespiratory fitness, thinner gray matter and better math skills in kidsAug 12, 2015 10:45 am574 views A new study reveals that 9- and 10-year-old children who are aerobically fit tend to have significantly thinner gray matter than their “lower-fit” peers. Thinning of the outermost layer of brain cells in the cerebrum is associated with better mathematics performance, researchers report in the journal PLOS ONE.Study links brain structure, anxiety and negative bias in healthy adultsApr 13, 2017 10:30 am1430 views Healthy college students who have a relatively small inferior frontal cortex – a brain region behind the temples that helps regulate thoughts and emotions – are more likely than others to suffer from anxiety, a new study finds. They also tend to view neutral or even positive events in a negative light, researchers report.Study identifies key player in heart enlargementJun 27, 2017 10:15 am1213 views The heart is a dynamic muscle that grows and shrinks in response to stressors such as exercise and disease. The secret to its malleability lies in individual cells, which get bigger or smaller depending on the heart’s needs. A new study of mouse hearts reveals a previously unknown mechanism by which heart cells control their size by ramping up or stopping the production of a key factor called PABPC1. The findings, reported in the journal eLife, could assist in the development of therapeutics that promote healthy heart growth and prevent disease.Study: Higher mass transit use associated with lower obesity ratesMay 16, 2017 10:30 am2877 views Healthy mass transit systems could contribute to healthier communities, according to a new study by University of Illinois researchers that determined higher mass transit use was correlated with lower obesity rates in counties across the United States.Study finds no link between marijuana use and oral cancerJun 8, 2004 9:00 am11 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Oral cancer probably hasn't been high on the average pot smoker's list of concerns - despite the fact that marijuana smoke contains known carcinogens. It may be even less of a concern now in light of new research that found no link between marijuana use and risk of developing oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC).Study finds brain markers of numeric, verbal and spatial reasoning abilitiesJun 20, 2016 10:00 am1561 views A new study begins to clarify how brain structure and chemistry give rise to specific aspects of what researchers call “fluid intelligence,” the ability to adapt to new situations and to solve problems one has never encountered before.Study examines dietary fats’ impact on healthy, obese adultsAug 30, 2017 9:30 am1058 views Metabolically healthy obese adults consuming a diet high in unsaturated fat and low in saturated fat may be able to decrease their total cholesterol by 10 points, a new University of Illinois study suggests.Study: Emotion processing in the brain changes with tinnitus severityDec 14, 2015 9:30 am2392 views A new study reveals that people with tinnitus who are less bothered by their symptoms use different brain regions when processing emotional information.Study: Curbing car travel could be as effective as cutting caloriesDec 18, 2012 9:00 am33 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Those considering how to maintain a healthy weight during holiday festivities, or looking ahead to New Year's resolutions, may want to think twice before reaching for traditional staples like cookies or candy - or the car keys.Study: Childhood concussions impair brain functionDec 18, 2015 9:30 am1733 views A new study finds that pre-adolescent children who have sustained sports-related concussions have impaired brain function two years following injury.Study: Changing the environment within bone marrow alters blood cell developmentFeb 22, 2017 7:30 am881 views Researchers at the University of Illinois report they can alter blood cell development through the use of biomaterials designed to mimic characteristics of the bone marrow.Study: Brain metabolism predicts fluid intelligence in young adultsMar 22, 2016 12:30 pm235 views A healthy brain is critical to a person's cognitive abilities, but measuring brain health can be a complicated endeavor. A new study reports that healthy brain metabolism corresponds with fluid intelligence – a measure of one's ability to solve unusual or complex problems – in young adults.Study: Biomarkers as predictive of sepsis as lengthy patient monitoringSep 7, 2017 8:15 am2432 views One measurement of key biomarkers in blood that characterize sepsis can give physicians as much information as hours of monitoring symptoms, a new study found.Studies link nutrient, academic achievement in pre-adolescent childrenJun 20, 2017 9:00 am2261 views Researchers can look into your eyes to determine whether you’re getting your lutein, a pigment found in green leafy vegetables that is known to accumulate in the brain. Two new studies find that children with higher lutein levels in the eye tend to do better than others on tests of cognition and academic achievement, even after accounting for other factors known to influence academic performance such as IQ, gender, body composition and physical fitness.Studies link healthy brain aging to omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids in the bloodMay 18, 2017 8:30 am2748 views Two new studies link patterns of polyunsaturated fatty acids in the blood to the integrity of brain structures and cognitive abilities that are known to decline early in aging.Structure of protein that forms fibrils in Parkinson's patients could lead to new diagnostic and treatment optionsMar 28, 2016 10:15 am1046 views Chemists have identified the complex chemical structure of the protein that stacks together to form fibrils in the brains of Parkinson’s disease patients. Armed with this knowledge, researchers can identify specific targets for diagnosis and treatment.Stretchable balloon electronics get to the heart of cardiac medicineMar 7, 2011 9:00 am285 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Cardiologists may soon be able to place sensitive electronics inside their patients' hearts with minimal invasiveness, enabling more sophisticated and efficient diagnosis and treatment of arrhythmias.Strength training improves vascular function in young black menDec 21, 2012 9:00 am136 views CHAMPAIGN, lll. - Six weeks of weight training can significantly improve blood markers of cardiovascular health in young African-American men, researchers report in the Journal of Human Hypertension.Stemlike cells at tumor perimeter promote new blood vessels to feed tumor growthOct 25, 2017 1:00 pm655 views Stemlike cells at the edge of melanoma tumors secrete factors to promote blood-vessel growth, allowing the cancer to grow and spread.Stem cells from muscle could address diabetes-related circulation problemsNov 6, 2017 10:45 am1632 views Stem cells taken from muscle tissue could promote better blood flow in patients with diabetes who develop peripheral artery disease, a painful complication that can require surgery or lead to amputation.Stem-cell approach shows promise for Duchenne muscular dystrophyJan 14, 2013 9:00 am174 views CHAMPAIGN, lll. - Researchers have shown that transplanting stem cells derived from normal mouse blood vessels into the hearts of mice that model the pathology associated with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) prevents the decrease in heart function associated with DMD.Soy supplements with isoflavones 'reprogram' breast cancer cellsFeb 24, 1201 9:00 am341 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Women with estrogen-responsive breast cancer who consume soy protein supplements containing isoflavones to alleviate the side effects of menopause may be accelerating progression of their cancer, changing it from a treatable subtype to a more aggressive, less treatable form of the disease, new research suggests.Solving food insecurity problems among older AmericansJun 5, 2014 9:00 am103 views A Minute With™... Craig Gundersen, the University of Illinois Soybean Industry Endowed Professor of Agricultural StrategySocial support critical to women's weight-loss efforts, study findsNov 5, 2014 9:00 am884 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Being accountable to another person and receiving social support may be vital in motivating some women to lose weight and keep it off, a new study says.Smokers, the obese, have markedly higher health care costs than peersJan 6, 2015 9:00 am336 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - A new study finds that smokers and the obese ring up substantially higher annual health care costs than their nonsmoking, non-obese peers. The added costs are highest among women, non-Hispanic whites and older adults, the study reports.Slowing dangerous bacteria may be more effective than killing them, researchers reportAug 17, 2017 9:45 am1239 views A new study suggests it may be possible to slow dangerous infections by manipulating the messages microbes send to one another, allowing the body to defeat an infection without causing the bacteria to develop resistance to the treatment.Sleep problems in menopause linked to hot flashes, depression - and may not lastFeb 19, 2018 9:15 am514 views A new study of middle-aged women found that sleep problems vary across the stages of menopause, yet are consistently correlated with hot flashes and depression.Simple intervention can moderate anti-vaccination beliefs, study findsAug 3, 2015 9:30 am364 views It might not be possible to convince someone who believes that vaccines cause autism that they don’t. Telling skeptics that their belief is not scientifically supported often backfires and strengthens, rather than weakens, their anti-vaccine views. But researchers say they have found a way to overcome some of the most entrenched anti-vaccine attitudes: Remind the skeptics – with words and images – why vaccines exist.Shape-shifting agent targets harmful bacteria in the stomachNov 13, 2017 2:00 pm1091 views A new shape-shifting polymer can target and kill Helicobacter pylori bacteria in the stomach without killing helpful bacteria in the gut.Shape of tumor may affect whether cells can metastasizeApr 27, 2016 10:45 am2802 views Only a few cells in a cancerous tumor are able to break away and spread to other parts of the body, but the curve along the edge of the tumor may play a large role in activating these tumor-seeding cells, according to a new University of Illinois study.Sensors detect disease markers in breathMay 18, 2017 11:45 am1977 views A small, thin square of an organic plastic that can detect disease markers in breath or toxins in a building’s air could soon be the basis of portable, disposable sensor devices. By riddling the thin plastic films with pores, University of Illinois researchers made the devices sensitive enough to detect at levels that are far too low to smell, yet are important to human health.Scientists test nanoparticle drug delivery in dogs with osteosarcomaJul 25, 2016 2:00 pm3647 views At the University of Illinois, an engineer teamed up with a veterinarian to test a bone cancer drug delivery system in animals bigger than the standard animal model, the mouse. They chose dogs – mammals closer in size and biology to humans – with naturally occurring bone cancers, which also are a lot like human bone tumors.Scientists target bacterial sharing of antibiotic-resistance genesOct 24, 2012 9:00 am85 views CHAMPAIGN, lll. - The bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae - which can cause pneumonia, meningitis, bacteremia and sepsis - likes to share its antibiotic-defeating weaponry with its neighbors. Individual cells can pass resistance genes to one another through a process called horizontal gene transfer, or by "transformation," the uptake of DNA from the environment.Scientists identify genes that disrupt response to breast cancer treatmentSep 7, 2016 9:45 am1892 views Scientists at the University of Illinois may have unlocked the genetic code that determines why many patients with estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer fail to respond to the widely used drug tamoxifen.Scientists build on case connecting inflammatory disease and depressionJul 27, 2004 9:00 am288 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Feeling sick can be "all in the head" for people with inflammatory disorders or for those receiving immunotherapy, say Robert Dantzer and Keith Kelley, professors in the department of animal sciences at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.