blog postsStudy tallies extra calories Americans consume in their coffee, teaJan 30, 2017 9:15 am3224 views A new analysis reveals just how much Americans are adding to their caloric intake by spicing up or sweetening their coffee or tea.Study: Strength of brain connectivity varies with fitness level in older adultsNov 5, 2015 9:45 am1165 views A new study shows that age-related differences in brain health – specifically the strength of connections between different regions of the brain – vary with fitness level in older adults.Study: Serving water with school lunches could prevent child, adult obesityNov 7, 2017 8:00 am2630 views Encouraging children to drink water with their school lunches could prevent more than half a million cases of child obesity and overweight -- and trim the medical and societal costs by more than $13 billion, a new study suggests.Study: 'Run-down' feeling with illness may last longer as people ageOct 11, 2005 9:00 am25 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Aging may intensify and prolong feeling run down when common infections like the flu occur, according to researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.Study: Restaurant meals can be as bad for your waistline as fast food isJul 1, 2015 9:00 am876 views When Americans go out to eat, either at a fast-food outlet or a full-service restaurant, they consume, on average, about 200 more calories a day than when they stay home for meals, a new study reports. They also take in more fat, saturated fat, cholesterol and sodium than those who prepare and eat their meals at home.Study recalculates cost of combination vaccinesApr 17, 2014 9:00 am84 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - One of the most popular vaccine brands for children may not be the most cost-effective choice. And doctors may be overlooking some cost factors when choosing vaccines, driving the market toward what is actually a more expensive option, according to a new study by University of Illinois researchers.Study: Omega-3 fatty acids fight inflammation via cannabinoidsJul 18, 2017 10:00 am4057 views Chemical compounds called cannabinoids are found in marijuana and also are produced naturally in the body from omega-3 fatty acids. A well-known cannabinoid in marijuana, THC, is responsible for some of its euphoric effects, but it also has anti-inflammatory benefits. A new study in animal tissue reveals the cascade of chemical reactions that convert omega-3 fatty acids into cannabinoids that have anti-inflammatory benefits – but without the psychotropic high. Study of sleep apps finds room for improvementApr 12, 2017 8:30 am1216 views An analysis of 35 popular phone-based sleep apps finds that while most help users set sleep-related goals and track and manage their sleep, few make use of other methods known to help the chronically sleep-deprived.Study offers new insight into powerful inflammatory regulatorMay 1, 2017 2:00 pm469 views A new study in mice reveals how a protein called Brd4 boosts the inflammatory response – for better and for worse, depending on the ailment. The study is the first to show that this protein, while problematic in some circumstances, also can protect the body from infection.Study: Many in U.S. have poor nutrition, with the disabled doing worstOct 23, 2014 9:00 am206 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - A new study finds that most U.S. adults fail to meet recommended daily levels of 10 key nutrients, and those with disabilities have even worse nutrition than average.Study looks at what older people think causes hypertensionFeb 20, 2014 9:00 am45 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Older adults with hypertension may have dramatically different perceptions about the cause of their condition depending upon where they live, their ethnicity and other demographic characteristics, suggests new research that involved older adults in Arizona and Illinois.Study looks at how mental health care affects outcomes for foster childrenJan 13, 2009 9:00 am76 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Of the approximately half-million children and adolescents in foster care in the U.S., experts estimate that 42 to 60 percent of them have emotional and behavioral problems. Despite the prevalence of mental health problems among foster children, little is known about how pre-existing mental health conditions affect their outcomes in foster care.Study links sulfide-producing bacteria and colon cancer in African-AmericansMar 15, 2017 9:15 am754 views A new study reveals that African-Americans have measurable differences in the number and type of bacteria that live in the colon – and those differences are related to their higher-than-average colon cancer risk.Study links responsible behavior in high school to life success 50 years laterFeb 26, 2018 8:15 am2841 views A new study links doing one’s homework, being interested and behaving responsibly in high school to better academic and career success as many as 50 years later. This effect, reported in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, holds true even after accounting for parental income, IQ and other factors known to influence achievement, researchers report.Study links physical activity to greater mental flexibility in older adultsAug 24, 2015 8:00 am450 views One day soon, doctors may be able to determine how physically active you are simply by imaging your brain. Studies have shown that physically fit people tend to have larger brain volumes and more intact white matter than their less-fit peers. Now a new study reveals that older adults who regularly engage in moderate to vigorous physical activity have more variable brain activity at rest than those who don’t. This variability is associated with better cognitive performance, the researchers say.Study links nutrition to brain health and intelligence in older adultsDec 13, 2016 8:45 am5401 views A study of older adults offers insight into how a pigment found in leafy greens that tends to accumulate in brain tissue may contribute to the preservation of “crystallized intelligence,” the ability to use the skills and knowledge one has acquired over a lifetime.Study links neighborhood factors, breast cancer rates in African-American womenJun 1, 2018 10:15 am1240 views Neighborhood characteristics are associated with late-stage diagnoses and higher mortality rates among urban African-American women, a new study shows.Study links cardiorespiratory fitness, thinner gray matter and better math skills in kidsAug 12, 2015 10:45 am625 views A new study reveals that 9- and 10-year-old children who are aerobically fit tend to have significantly thinner gray matter than their “lower-fit” peers. Thinning of the outermost layer of brain cells in the cerebrum is associated with better mathematics performance, researchers report in the journal PLOS ONE.Study links brain structure, anxiety and negative bias in healthy adultsApr 13, 2017 10:30 am1473 views Healthy college students who have a relatively small inferior frontal cortex – a brain region behind the temples that helps regulate thoughts and emotions – are more likely than others to suffer from anxiety, a new study finds. They also tend to view neutral or even positive events in a negative light, researchers report.Study: Kidney stones have distinct geological historiesSep 13, 2018 4:00 am962 views A geologist, a microscopist and a doctor walk into a lab and, with their colleagues from across the nation, make a discovery that overturns centuries of thought about the nature and composition of kidney stones. The team’s key insight, reported in the journal Scientific Reports, is that kidney stones are built up in calcium-rich layers that resemble other mineralizations in nature, such as those forming coral reefs or arising in hot springs, Roman aqueducts or subsurface oil fields.Study identifies key player in heart enlargementJun 27, 2017 10:15 am1240 views The heart is a dynamic muscle that grows and shrinks in response to stressors such as exercise and disease. The secret to its malleability lies in individual cells, which get bigger or smaller depending on the heart’s needs. A new study of mouse hearts reveals a previously unknown mechanism by which heart cells control their size by ramping up or stopping the production of a key factor called PABPC1. The findings, reported in the journal eLife, could assist in the development of therapeutics that promote healthy heart growth and prevent disease.Study: Higher mass transit use associated with lower obesity ratesMay 16, 2017 10:30 am2918 views Healthy mass transit systems could contribute to healthier communities, according to a new study by University of Illinois researchers that determined higher mass transit use was correlated with lower obesity rates in counties across the United States.Study finds no link between marijuana use and oral cancerJun 8, 2004 9:00 am13 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Oral cancer probably hasn't been high on the average pot smoker's list of concerns - despite the fact that marijuana smoke contains known carcinogens. It may be even less of a concern now in light of new research that found no link between marijuana use and risk of developing oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC).Study finds brain markers of numeric, verbal and spatial reasoning abilitiesJun 20, 2016 10:00 am1862 views A new study begins to clarify how brain structure and chemistry give rise to specific aspects of what researchers call “fluid intelligence,” the ability to adapt to new situations and to solve problems one has never encountered before.Study explores risk factors linked to chikungunya and dengue outbreaksJul 24, 2018 8:15 am698 views In one of the largest studies of its kind, researchers analyzed chikungunya and dengue outbreak data from 76 countries over a period of 50 years, focusing on regions across the Indian Ocean that are hard hit by these and other mosquito-borne infectious diseases.Study explores carbohydrates’ impact on head, neck cancersApr 12, 2018 9:30 am2334 views Consuming high amounts of carbohydrates and various forms of sugar during the year prior to treatment for head and neck cancer may increase patients’ risks of cancer recurrence and mortality, a new study reports.Study examines dietary fats’ impact on healthy, obese adultsAug 30, 2017 9:30 am1217 views Metabolically healthy obese adults consuming a diet high in unsaturated fat and low in saturated fat may be able to decrease their total cholesterol by 10 points, a new University of Illinois study suggests.Study: Emotion processing in the brain changes with tinnitus severityDec 14, 2015 9:30 am2422 views A new study reveals that people with tinnitus who are less bothered by their symptoms use different brain regions when processing emotional information.Study: Disease-causing stomach bug attacks energy generation in host cellsMay 30, 2018 11:45 am601 views Researchers report in a new study that the bacterium Helicobacter pylori – a major contributor to gastritis, ulcers and stomach cancer – resists the body’s immune defenses by shutting down energy production within the cells of the stomach lining that serve as a barrier to infection.Study: Curbing car travel could be as effective as cutting caloriesDec 18, 2012 9:00 am46 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Those considering how to maintain a healthy weight during holiday festivities, or looking ahead to New Year's resolutions, may want to think twice before reaching for traditional staples like cookies or candy - or the car keys.Study: Childhood concussions impair brain functionDec 18, 2015 9:30 am1759 views A new study finds that pre-adolescent children who have sustained sports-related concussions have impaired brain function two years following injury.Study: Changing the environment within bone marrow alters blood cell developmentFeb 22, 2017 7:30 am915 views Researchers at the University of Illinois report they can alter blood cell development through the use of biomaterials designed to mimic characteristics of the bone marrow.Study: Brain metabolism predicts fluid intelligence in young adultsMar 22, 2016 12:30 pm266 views A healthy brain is critical to a person's cognitive abilities, but measuring brain health can be a complicated endeavor. A new study reports that healthy brain metabolism corresponds with fluid intelligence – a measure of one's ability to solve unusual or complex problems – in young adults.Study: Biomarkers as predictive of sepsis as lengthy patient monitoringSep 7, 2017 8:15 am2503 views One measurement of key biomarkers in blood that characterize sepsis can give physicians as much information as hours of monitoring symptoms, a new study found.Studies link nutrient, academic achievement in pre-adolescent childrenJun 20, 2017 9:00 am2338 views Researchers can look into your eyes to determine whether you’re getting your lutein, a pigment found in green leafy vegetables that is known to accumulate in the brain. Two new studies find that children with higher lutein levels in the eye tend to do better than others on tests of cognition and academic achievement, even after accounting for other factors known to influence academic performance such as IQ, gender, body composition and physical fitness.Studies link healthy brain aging to omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids in the bloodMay 18, 2017 8:30 am3461 views Two new studies link patterns of polyunsaturated fatty acids in the blood to the integrity of brain structures and cognitive abilities that are known to decline early in aging.Structure of protein that forms fibrils in Parkinson's patients could lead to new diagnostic and treatment optionsMar 28, 2016 10:15 am1137 views Chemists have identified the complex chemical structure of the protein that stacks together to form fibrils in the brains of Parkinson’s disease patients. Armed with this knowledge, researchers can identify specific targets for diagnosis and treatment.Stretchable balloon electronics get to the heart of cardiac medicineMar 7, 2011 9:00 am337 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Cardiologists may soon be able to place sensitive electronics inside their patients' hearts with minimal invasiveness, enabling more sophisticated and efficient diagnosis and treatment of arrhythmias.Strength training improves vascular function in young black menDec 21, 2012 9:00 am153 views CHAMPAIGN, lll. - Six weeks of weight training can significantly improve blood markers of cardiovascular health in young African-American men, researchers report in the Journal of Human Hypertension.Stemlike cells at tumor perimeter promote new blood vessels to feed tumor growthOct 25, 2017 1:00 pm690 views Stemlike cells at the edge of melanoma tumors secrete factors to promote blood-vessel growth, allowing the cancer to grow and spread.Stem cells from muscle could address diabetes-related circulation problemsNov 6, 2017 10:45 am1789 views Stem cells taken from muscle tissue could promote better blood flow in patients with diabetes who develop peripheral artery disease, a painful complication that can require surgery or lead to amputation.Stem-cell approach shows promise for Duchenne muscular dystrophyJan 14, 2013 9:00 am189 views CHAMPAIGN, lll. - Researchers have shown that transplanting stem cells derived from normal mouse blood vessels into the hearts of mice that model the pathology associated with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) prevents the decrease in heart function associated with DMD.Solving food insecurity problems among older AmericansJun 5, 2014 9:00 am179 views A Minute With™... Craig Gundersen, the University of Illinois Soybean Industry Endowed Professor of Agricultural StrategySocial support critical to women's weight-loss efforts, study findsNov 5, 2014 9:00 am1072 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Being accountable to another person and receiving social support may be vital in motivating some women to lose weight and keep it off, a new study says.Smokers, the obese, have markedly higher health care costs than peersJan 6, 2015 9:00 am382 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - A new study finds that smokers and the obese ring up substantially higher annual health care costs than their nonsmoking, non-obese peers. The added costs are highest among women, non-Hispanic whites and older adults, the study reports.Slowing dangerous bacteria may be more effective than killing them, researchers reportAug 17, 2017 9:45 am1588 views A new study suggests it may be possible to slow dangerous infections by manipulating the messages microbes send to one another, allowing the body to defeat an infection without causing the bacteria to develop resistance to the treatment.Sleep problems in menopause linked to hot flashes, depression - and may not lastFeb 19, 2018 9:15 am1247 views A new study of middle-aged women found that sleep problems vary across the stages of menopause, yet are consistently correlated with hot flashes and depression.Simple intervention can moderate anti-vaccination beliefs, study findsAug 3, 2015 9:30 am409 views It might not be possible to convince someone who believes that vaccines cause autism that they don’t. Telling skeptics that their belief is not scientifically supported often backfires and strengthens, rather than weakens, their anti-vaccine views. But researchers say they have found a way to overcome some of the most entrenched anti-vaccine attitudes: Remind the skeptics – with words and images – why vaccines exist.Should we worry about ticks this summer?Jun 27, 2018 9:30 am1472 views Editor’s note: The number of tick-borne illnesses diagnosed annually in the United States doubled between 2004 and 2016, according to a recent report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Summer is prime tick season, and people spending time outdoors should be vigilant, says University of Illinois entomology professor Brian F. Allan. An expert in the spread of insect- and tick-borne diseases, Allan discussed ticks in Illinois, how to prevent bites and when to seek medical attention in an interview with News Bureau biomedical sciences editor Liz Ahlberg Touchstone.Shape-shifting agent targets harmful bacteria in the stomachNov 13, 2017 2:00 pm1234 views A new shape-shifting polymer can target and kill Helicobacter pylori bacteria in the stomach without killing helpful bacteria in the gut.