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  • Young toddlers can tell when others hold false beliefs, study finds

    A new study finds that, under the right conditions, 2 1/2-year-old children can answer questions about people acting on false beliefs, an ability that most researchers believe does not develop until age 4.

  • Yoga practice linked to lower stress, better cognitive performance in older adults

    Older adults who practiced hatha yoga for 8 weeks were better able to manage stress and performed better on cognitive tests than peers  in a stretching and weight-training program, researchers report.

  • Yeast byproduct inhibits white-nose syndrome fungus in lab experiments

    A microbe found in caves produces a compound that inhibitsPseudogymnoascus destructans, the fungus that causes white-nose syndrome in bats, researchers report in the journal Mycopathologia. The finding could lead to treatments that kill the fungus while minimizing disruption to cave ecosystems, the researchers say.

  • Y chromosome study sheds light on Athapaskan migration to southwest U.S.

    CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - A large-scale genetic study of native North Americans offers new insights into the migration of a small group of Athapaskan natives from their subarctic home in northwest North America to the southwestern United States. The migration, which left no known archaeological trace, is believed to have occurred about 500 years ago.

  • 'X-Files' creator Chris Carter to attend 30th annual Insect Fear Film Festival

    CHAMPAIGN, lll. - Infectious honey bees and cockroaches out to take down humans will be the cinematic scare fare at this year's Insect Fear Film Festival, an event organizers are calling "The InsX-Files: The Truth (About Insects) Is Out There."

  • World survey links religion and happiness - for some

    CHAMPAIGN, lll. - There may be a few atheists in foxholes, but a new study suggests that in societies under stress, those who are religious outnumber - and are happier than - their nonreligious counterparts. Where peace and plenty are the norm, however, religious participation is lower and people are happier whether or not they are religious, the researchers found.

  • Women's reproductive ability may be related to immune system status

    CHAMPAIGN, lll. - New research indicates that women's reproductive function may be tied to their immune status. Previous studies have found this association in human males, but not females.

  • Women's health, tissue regeneration to be focus of joint U. of I.-Carle program

    Champaign and Carle Foundation Hospital in Urbana.

  • Women, more than men, choose true crime over other violent nonfiction

    CHAMPAIGN, lll. - When it comes to violent nonfiction, men are from Mars, the planet of war, but women are from Earth, the planet of serial killings and random murders.

  • With online games, high school students learn how to rein in disease outbreaks

    High school students investigate Ebola-like outbreaks and administer vaccines through Outbreak!, a new summer course at Illinois that uses online games to encourage critical thinking about fighting infectious diseases. 

  • Wit, grit and a supercomputer yield chemical structure of HIV capsid

    CHAMPAIGN, lll. - Researchers report that they have determined the precise chemical structure of the HIV capsid, a protein shell that protects the virus's genetic material and is a key to its virulence. The capsid has become an attractive target for the development of new antiretroviral drugs.

  • Wimps or warriors? Honey bee larvae absorb the social culture of the hive, study finds

    Even as larvae, honey bees are tuned in to the social culture of the hive, becoming more or less aggressive depending on who raises them, researchers report.

  • William T. Greenough, an early explorer of brain plasticity, dies at 69

    CHAMPAIGN, lll. - William T. Greenough, a professor emeritus of psychology at the University of Illinois and a pioneer in studies of brain plasticity and development, died Dec. 18 in Seattle, of complications associated with Lewy Body Dementia. As a researcher at Illinois, Greenough explored the neural basis of learning and memory and the effects of aging, exercise, injury and environmental enrichment on the brain.

  • William Metcalf elected to American Academy of Microbiology

    CHAMPAIGN,Ill. - University of Illinois professor William Metcalf has been elected to Fellowship in the American Academy of Microbiology, a distinction awarded to microbiologists who have made original contributions to their field, the American Society for Microbiology announced this month.

  • Wildlife Society honors author of 'Waterfowl of Illinois: Status and Management'

    CHAMPAIGN, Ill. -- Stephen P. Havera, director of the Forbes Biological Station of the Illinois Natural History Survey, was honored Sept. 13 by the Wildlife Society as the recipient of its 2000 Wildlife Publications Award for his comprehensive book on Illinois waterfowl.

  • Why more inspections are not the way to increase food safety

    A Minute With™... Bruce Chassy, a professor of food science and human nutrition 

  • Why courts should allow funding for embryonic stem cell research to continue

    A Minute With™... cell and developmental biology professor Fei Wang

  • Why biofuels research is moving beyond 'food vs. fuel'

    A Minute With™... crop sciences professor Stephen Long

  • Why America's aging population needs to think about preventing falls

    A Minute With...™ Jacob Sosnoff, professor of kinesiology and community health

  • Who was Kennewick Man?

    A Minute With...™ U. of I. anthropology professor Ripan Malhi

  • Who's got guts? Young infants expect animals to have insides

    CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - A team of researchers has shown that 8-month-old infants expect objects they identify as animals to have insides. The study appears in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

  • Whole eggs better for muscle building and repair than egg whites, researchers find

    People who consume 18 grams of protein from whole eggs or from egg whites after engaging in resistance exercise differ dramatically in how their muscles build protein, a process called protein synthesis, during the post-workout period, researchers report in a new study. Specifically, the post-workout muscle-building response in those eating whole eggs is 40 percent greater than in those consuming an equivalent amount of protein from egg whites, the team found.

  • When women stop breastfeeding linked to child care options, study shows

    CHAMPAIGN, lll. - Mothers participating in the Special Supplemental Nutrition program for Women, Infants and Children, known as WIC, are more likely to discontinue breastfeeding their infants before 6 months of age than non-WIC mothers, especially if they rely upon relatives to provide child care, according to a new study by Juhee Kim, a professor of kinesiology and community health at the University of Illinois.

  • When veterinarians become crime scene investigators

    A Minute With...™ veterinary diagnostic laboratory professor Adam Stern

  • When emotional memories intrude, focusing on context could help, study finds

    When negative memories intrude, focusing on the contextual details of the incident rather than the emotional fallout could help minimize cognitive disruption and redirect the brain’s resources to the task at hand, suggests a new study by psychologists at the University of Illinois.

    “Everyone has encountered something distressing either in the recent past or the remote past. These memories can pop into our minds and distract from whatever we are doing,” said study leader Florin Dolcos, a professor of psychology at Illinois. “Instead of suppressing or stifling those emotional memories, we simply shift the focus and bring to life some other aspects of the same memory. That leads to a reduction in how much those memories interfere with whatever we’re doing.”

  • When cave crickets go out for dinner, they really go, researchers say

    CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Cave crickets travel farther from their homes to forage - by about double - than their previously reported range, researchers have discovered. In Texas, that means protective buffer areas around caves may need to be extended to protect endangered invertebrate species that live inside and depend on the crickets.

  • What's in your landscape? Plants can alter West Nile virus risk

    A new study looks at how leaf litter in water influences the abundance of Culex pipiens mosquitoes, which can transmit West Nile virus to humans, domestic animals, birds and other wildlife.

  • What parents can do to assure a successful school year

    A Minute With...™ Eva Pomerantz, expert on children's motivation in school

  • What makes a cow a cow? Genome sequence sheds light on ruminant evolution

    CHAMPAIGN, lll. - Researchers report today in the journal Science that they have sequenced the bovine genome, for the first time revealing the genetic features that distinguish cattle from humans and other mammals.

  • What is the Gulf of Mexico 'Dead Zone' and how can it be reduced?

    A Minute With...™ Brian Miller, director of the Illinois-Indiana Sea Grant

  • What are the health risks of exposure to BPA?

    A Minute With™... comparative biosciences professor Jodi Flaws

  • West Nile virus focus during ornithologists' meeting

    CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - The West Nile virus is the focus of a dozen research papers to be presented Aug. 9 (Saturday) during the 121st Stated Meeting of the American Ornithologists' Union, Aug. 5-9, at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

  • Website offers tools for leaving a smaller carbon footprint

    Using energy for transportation, to power appliances and to make interiors comfortable is nearly impossible to avoid. Although there are energy-saving steps that can be taken, leaving a carbon footprint is inevitable. UI students in a carbon registry class created a website with tools that help in understanding what contributes to carbon output and suggest ways to offset the damage.

  • Web page provides pet owners with information on dog flu

    CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - The University of Illinois College of Veterinary Medicine has established a Web page with information about canine influenza, which has spread to pet dogs in 10 states after first being diagnosed in January 2004 at a Florida greyhound track. No cases have been reported in Illinois.

  • Weather forecasts may be predictors for prevalence of West Nile virus

    CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Weather forecasts could become barometers for predicting the potential threat of West Nile virus to humans and wildlife, according to scientists at two state agencies based at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

  • Wasp genetics study suggests altruism evolved from maternal behavior

    CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Researchers at the University of Illinois have used an innovative approach to reveal the molecular basis of altruistic behavior in wasps. The research team focused on the expression of behavior-related genes in Polistes metricus paper wasps, a species for which little genetic data was available when the study was begun. Their findings appear today online in Science Express.

  • Want to keep your exercise resolutions? New research offers pointers

    CHAMPAIGN, lll. - Sticking with an exercise routine means being able to overcome the obstacles that invariably arise. A key to success is having the confidence that you can do it, researchers report. A new study explores how some cognitive strategies and abilities influence this "situation-specific self-confidence," a quality the researchers call "self-efficacy."

  • Wanted: Citizen scientists to help track wild bees in Illinois

    CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Honey bee colonies are in decline in many states, but little is known about their wild cousins, the bumble bees, or, for that matter, honey bees living on their own in the wild without beekeepers. A new initiative from the University of Illinois seeks to build a better record of honey bee and bumble bee abundance and distribution in Illinois by recruiting citizen scientists to report on wild bees seen anywhere in the state.

  • Walking hazard: Cell phone use - but not music - reduces pedestrian safety

    CHAMPAIGN, lll. - Two new studies of pedestrian safety found that using a cell phone while hoofing it can endanger one's health. And older pedestrians talking on cell phones are particularly impaired in crossing a busy (simulated) street, the researchers found.

  • Vocal signals reveal intent to dominate or submit, study finds

    You may not win friends, but a new study finds that you can influence people simply by lowering the pitch of your voice in the first moments of a conversation.

  • Virtual predator is self-aware, behaves like living counterpart

    Scientists report in the journal eNeuro that they’ve built an artificially intelligent ocean predator that behaves a lot like the original flesh-and-blood organism on which it was modeled. The virtual creature, “Cyberslug,” reacts to food and responds to members of its own kind much like the actual animal, the sea slug Pleurobranchaea californica, does.

  • Video gamers: Size of brain structures predicts success

    CHAMPAIGN, lll. - Researchers can predict your performance on a video game simply by measuring the volume of specific structures in your brain, a multi-institutional team reports this week.

  • Veterinarians' guide to hedgehogs, chinchillas and chelonians.....oh, my!

    CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Ferrets, frogs and finches are becoming more common as pets, but the list of unusual species adopted into human households now includes some of the most exotic creatures on the planet. The trade in exotic pets has become a multi-billion dollar enterprise, but expansion of the industry sometimes outpaces veterinary knowledge of how to treat the maladies that afflict these unusual animals.

  • Venomous, carnivorous centipedes horrify in Insect Fear Film Festival

    CHAMPAIGN, lll. - "Centipede Cinema" is the theme of this year's Insect Fear Film Festival at the University of Illinois, even though everybody - with the possible exception of horror movie writers, directors and actors - knows that centipedes aren't insects.

  • Vanadium appears to play role in speeding recovery from infections

    CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Dietary supplements containing vanadium are used by body builders to help beef up muscles and by some diabetic people to control blood sugar. New research now suggests the naturally occurring but easily toxic element may help prepare the body to recover speedily from infections from gram-negative organisms such as E. coli.

  • Uterine cells produce their own estrogen during pregnancy

    CHAMPAIGN, lll. - For decades, scientists assumed that the ovary alone produced steroid hormones during pregnancy. In a new study in mice, however, researchers demonstrate that once an embryo attaches to the uterine wall, the uterus itself actually synthesizes the estrogen needed to sustain the pregnancy.

  • U.S., Chinese children differ in commitment to parents over time

    CHAMPAIGN, lll. - According to a new study, American, but not Chinese, children's sense of responsibility to their parents tends to decline in the seventh and eighth grades, a trend that coincides with declines in their academic performance.

  • Urbana campus faculty members named University Scholars

    Seven Urbana campus faculty members have been named University Scholars and will be honored at a campus reception Sept. 28 from 4:30 to 6 p.m. in the ballroom of the Alice Campbell Alumni Center, 601 S. Lincoln Ave., Urbana.

  • Urbana campus faculty members named University Scholars

    CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Six Urbana campus faculty members have been named University Scholars. The program recognizes excellence in teaching, scholarship and service. The faculty members will be honored at a campus reception Sept. 29 from 4:30 to 6 p.m. in the ballroom of the Alice Campbell Alumni Center, 601 S. Lincoln Ave., Urbana.

  • U. of I. workshop aims to introduce genomics to Native American students

    CHAMPAIGN,Ill. - Since the mapping of the human genome about a decade ago, genomic science has emerged as a tool in solving criminal mysteries, the riddles of parentage and human migration, and the puzzles of diseases.