blog posts Study: Street gangs, crime serve as deviant leisure activities for youths May 23, 2017 9:45 am3196 views A new study by University of Illinois researchers suggests that gang membership and criminality serve as deviant leisure activities, fulfilling youths' needs for excitement, belonging and social support. Study: Brain mechanisms involved in learning also drive social conformity Dec 21, 2021 8:00 am3187 views Some of the same brain systems known to play a role in learning from trial and error also are engaged when people conform to social norms, scientists report in a new study. The findings are important, the researchers said, because changing one’s behavior to align with one’s peers can contribute to community-building or – depending on the goals and values of the group – societal breakdown. Comparing the '60s civil rights movement and today's gay rights movement Jul 2, 2013 9:00 am3142 views A Minute With™... Illinois history professor Kevin Mumford What drives us to blame the marginalized for epidemics? Apr 16, 2020 9:15 am3077 views There’s a long history of scapegoating marginalized people in epidemics, and of seeing difference in the way those of different races respond to disease, says Rana Hogarth, a U. of I. professor who studies the history of both medicine and race, and the connections between. What can we learn from JFK about presidential speechmaking? Jan 24, 2019 9:45 am3027 views An Illinois professor looks at presidential speechmaking through one of its more-eloquent practitioners, John F. Kennedy. Feeling anxious? Check your orbitofrontal cortex and cultivate your optimism, study suggests Sep 22, 2015 10:00 am3011 views A new study links anxiety, a brain structure called the orbitofrontal cortex, and optimism, finding that healthy adults who have larger OFCs tend to be more optimistic and less anxious. What's new with the plague? More than you might think Apr 23, 2020 10:00 am3002 views Pandemics of the past are getting new attention, among them the plague of the 14th century. Known as the Black Death, it was medieval, European, bubonic and spread by rats – at least that’s what most of us think. Much of that needs adjustment, however, in large part due to discoveries of the past decade, says Carol Symes, a professor of medieval history at Illinois. Your personality plays a role in your political behavior, author says Jul 27, 2010 9:00 am2995 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Our personalities play a role in every aspect of our lives, from friendships to hobbies, from whom we marry to what we do for a living. Study explores the down side of being dubbed ‘class clown’ May 1, 2018 12:45 pm2951 views By the time boys who are dubbed class clowns reach third grade, they plummet to the bottom of the social circle -- and view themselves as social failures -- as classmates’ disapproval of their behavior grows, a new study found. Mass killings happen randomly, yet rate has remained steady, study finds Oct 18, 2017 9:00 am2945 views Mass killings may have increasing news coverage, but the events themselves have happened at a steady rate for more than a decade, according to a new study by University of Illinois researchers. British Empire was a world of trouble, says historian in a new book Sep 28, 2015 11:15 am2926 views The British Empire was not the model of peace and stability, the “Pax Britannica,” as it’s often portrayed. Dissent and disruption were the rule, not the exception, according to Antoinette Burton, in her new book "The Trouble With Empire." Study: Ancient mound builders carefully timed their occupation of coastal Louisiana site May 22, 2018 9:45 am2848 views A study of ancient mound builders who lived hundreds of years ago on the Mississippi River Delta near present-day New Orleans offers new insights into how Native peoples selected the landforms that supported their villages and earthen mounds – and why these sites were later abandoned. Report identifies factors associated with harassment, abuse in academic fieldwork Oct 16, 2017 8:30 am2791 views College students considering careers in fields like archaeology or geology that require extensive work at remote field sites might want to find out how potential supervisors and advisers conduct themselves in the field. Do they establish clear ground rules for the behavior of everyone on the team? Are the rules consistently enforced? According to a new report, such factors likely influence whether students will witness or experience harassment while working far from home. Preschoolers form body images – but parents are unaware, study says Oct 5, 2016 8:45 am2768 views Preschoolers may express awareness about body-image issues – but their parents may miss opportunities to promote positive body-image formation in their children because parents believe them to be too young to have these concerns, new research suggests. The social trends behind the '12 Years a Slave' story Oct 23, 2013 9:00 am2715 views A Minute With™... Ronald Bailey the head of the African American studies department at the University of Illinois Six Illinois professors named Guggenheim Fellows May 2, 2016 12:15 pm2684 views Six professors at the University of Illinois have been named 2016 Guggenheim Fellows, bringing to 13 the number of U. of I. faculty members who have been honored with the fellowship over the last three years. This year’s fellows are Dennis Baron, Karin A. Dahmen, Craig Koslofsky, Mei-Po Kwan, Ralph W. Mathisen and Rebecca Stumpf. Egypt historical study shows 'traditional' marriage more modern than we think Jun 15, 2015 9:00 am2682 views Mention traditional marriage and family and it’s easy to think you’re talking about age-old customs. Those “traditional” ideals and practices, however, are more likely a product of the last two centuries, says a University of Illinois history professor. Why the calls for defunding police? Jun 11, 2020 2:00 pm2632 views Calls for defunding or even abolishing the police in the wake of George Floyd’s death may sound radical to many, but the idea is not new, says A. Naomi Paik, a professor of Asian American studies at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Parental involvement in children's schooling consistently beneficial, study finds Jun 20, 2019 9:45 am2524 views In a new study of more than 480,800 families, psychologists at the University of Illinois found that the more involved parents were in their children’s schooling, the better the children’s adjustment. The Midwest has a new national park. How did that happen? Mar 8, 2019 9:45 am2508 views The Midwest has a new national park at Indiana Dunes, and a University of Illinois professor explains how it happened and why the park is valuable. Vacations part of Soviet Union's 'good life,' with Sochi the dream resort Jun 3, 2013 9:00 am2503 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - The Soviet Union had its Gulag. It also had its seaside resorts. Emotional suppression reduces memory of negative events Mar 13, 2018 8:15 am2487 views By peering at the brains of study subjects prompted to suppress negative emotions, scientists have gained new insights into how emotional regulation influences negative feelings and memories. They hope the findings will lead to new methods to combat depression. Distracted learning a big problem, golden opportunity for educators, students Oct 13, 2020 11:00 am2472 views Experts say media multitasking negatively impacts learning, but many students believe they're immune to these effects because they're good multitaskers, according to a review paper by U. of I. professor Shelly J. Schmidt. Team creates game-based virtual archaeology field school Jan 29, 2020 8:00 am2447 views Before they can get started at their field site – a giant cave studded with stalactites, stalagmites and human artifacts – 15 undergraduate students must figure out how to use their virtual hands and tools. They also must learn to teleport. This is ANTH 399, a course designed to bring the archaeological field school experience to undergraduate students who never leave campus. Professor makes legal case for schools to challenge cyberbullies Apr 3, 2018 10:00 am2361 views Schools have a limited ability to challenge cyberbullies, but an Illinois professor has made a legal study on how to change that. Paper: Underemployment pervasive for part-time workers in Illinois Jan 14, 2021 8:00 am2339 views As many as 61% of hourly workers in Illinois are underemployed, underscoring the need for the state to adopt a fair-workweek law, says Alison Dickson, a senior instructor in the School of Labor and Employment Relations at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. Grant will fund child care, support for undergraduates with children Nov 26, 2018 3:00 pm2339 views Low-income undergraduate students at the U. of I. who need assistance juggling the demands of parenthood and college will be able to get assistance through programs and services offered by the Child Development Laboratory. Illinois sociologist wins MacArthur fellowship Oct 4, 2018 11:45 am2335 views Illinois sociologist Rebecca Sandefur has been named the recipient of a 2018 MacArthur fellowship, or “genius grant.” North 'plaza' in Cahokia was likely inundated year-round, study finds Jul 21, 2022 8:00 am2318 views The ancient North American city of Cahokia had as its focal point a feature now known as Monks Mound, a giant earthwork surrounded on its north, south, east and west by large rectangular open areas. These flat zones, called plazas by archaeologists since the early 1960s, were thought to serve as communal areas that served the many mounds and structures of the city. New paleoenvironmental analyses of the north plaza suggest it was almost always underwater, calling into question earlier interpretations of the north plaza’s role in Cahokian society. The study is reported in the journal World Archaeology. Distracted much? New research may help explain why Oct 5, 2016 8:15 am2313 views A new study offers evidence that one’s motivation is just as important for sustained attention to a task as is the ease with which the task is done. What was lost in the Notre Dame Cathedral fire? Apr 17, 2019 12:00 pm2295 views Notre Dame Cathedral, severely damaged by fire this week, is widely understood as “the beating heart of France,” with global significance beyond that, says one University of Illinois historian in a Q&A. Another notes how a key aspect of music as we know it today was invented for the cathedral’s unique resonant space, a soundscape lost in the fire. How does sexual harassment affect young women in physics? Apr 23, 2019 10:30 am2291 views In a study reported in the journal Physical Review Physics Education Research, nearly 75% of 471 undergraduate women in physics who responded to a survey offered during a professional conference reported having experienced at least one type of sexual harassment – mostly gender harassment – in their field. U. of I. anthropology professor Kathryn Clancy, a co-author of the report, talked to News Bureau life sciences editor Diana Yates about the study, which also examined the respondents’ feelings of belonging and legitimacy as scientists and scholars. Honey bee researcher Gene Robinson elected to National Academy of Medicine Oct 15, 2018 8:15 am2280 views Entomology professor Gene Robinson, an international leader in honey bee research, has been elected to the National Academy of Medicine “for pioneering contributions to understanding the roles of genes in social behavior.” Robinson directs the Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The US used a drone to kill an Iranian general. What might be the consequences? Jan 9, 2020 8:45 am2279 views An expert on the growing role of drones in warfare and terrorism discusses the implications of the recent killing of Iranian general Qassim Suleimani in a Q&A. Gender differences in vocational interests decrease with age, study finds Mar 27, 2018 12:30 pm2247 views Gender differences in vocational interests increase drastically during puberty but tend to decrease across the lifespan, researchers at the University of Illinois found in a new study. 'Red Tails': Why the story of the Tuskegee Airmen is still important Feb 1, 2012 9:00 am2214 views A Minute With™... Sundiata Cha-Jua, a professor of history and of African American Studies 60 years ago this month, Emmett Till's death sparked a movement Aug 17, 2015 10:30 am2210 views A Minute With...™ Christopher Benson, author and professor of journalism Study: Black students receive fewer warnings from teachers about misbehavior Jul 29, 2019 9:15 am2193 views A new study of racial and ethnic disparities in school discipline found that black middle school students were significantly less likely than their white peers to receive warnings from teachers about misbehavior. In person or by mail? What to consider in choosing how to vote Sep 14, 2020 10:00 am2163 views Voters this fall must determine not only who they’re voting for, but also the safest way to cast a ballot. Brian Gaines, a political science professor at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, maps out some risks to consider and mistakes to avoid. He also cautions against leaping to conclusions about any alleged irregularities on Election Day. Optimistic people have healthier hearts, study finds Jan 8, 2015 9:00 am2155 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - People who have upbeat outlooks on life have significantly better cardiovascular health, suggests a new study that examined associations between optimism and heart health in more than 5,100 adults. Book tells story of integrated Illinois town founded by former slave Oct 18, 2018 8:45 am2069 views A new book by Illinois information sciences professors Gerald McWorter and Kate Williams-McWorter tells how a former slave founded an integrated town in western Illinois that became a station on the Underground Railroad. Historian finds a frail humanity in personal accounts of life under Nazi occupation Oct 17, 2016 10:45 am2066 views World War II in Europe was an assault on civilians even more than a clash of arms. Civilians were uprooted, enslaved and massacred under a long Nazi occupation. So how did these civilians come to grips with the cruelty and violence all around them? University of Illinois history professor Peter Fritzsche “listened in” on their wartime talk by way of diaries, letters and other first-person accounts and describes what he found in a new book. ‘Culture of affluence’ complicates women’s help-seeking for domestic violence Sep 19, 2016 2:15 pm2045 views Pressures to maintain a facade of a perfect family and other values associated with the “culture of affluence” discourage some affluent women from leaving violent spouses or disclosing that they are being abused, a new study suggests. Historian tells new story about England’s venerated ‘Domesday Book’ Nov 13, 2018 10:15 am2014 views An Illinois historian tells a new story about England’s famous “Domesday Book” and what it tells us about the trauma of the Norman conquest. Illinois Indians made a bid for power in early America, based on bison and slavery Dec 22, 2015 10:00 am2002 views Most historical accounts describe the Illinois Indians of the late 1600s as a weak and beleaguered people, taking refuge in a settlement 80 miles southwest of present-day Chicago. The reality, however, is quite different, argues University of Illinois history professor Robert Morrissey, in the December issue of the Journal of American History. The Illinois, he says, were making “perhaps the most remarkable bid for power in 17th century native North America.” Study: Religion, psychology share methods for reducing distress Jan 8, 2021 9:00 am1978 views Religious people facing life crises rely on emotion-regulation strategies that psychologists also use, a new study finds. They look for positive ways of thinking about hardship, a practice known to psychologists as “cognitive reappraisal.” They also tend to have confidence in their ability to cope with difficulty, a trait called “coping self-efficacy.” Both have been shown to reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression. Targeted ads are coming to mainstream media. Should we care? Jan 27, 2020 10:30 am1973 views Targeted advertising is coming to mainstream media, says an Illinois professor of digital media, bringing concerns about equality, division and “total surveillance.” Rat study reveals long-term effects of adolescent amphetamine abuse on the brain Mar 30, 2016 9:15 am1943 views A study of rats given regular, high doses of amphetamine finds that those exposed to the drug at an age corresponding to human adolescence experience long-term changes in brain function that persist into adulthood. How to foster children’s learning while sheltering at home Apr 6, 2020 8:30 am1931 views Parents sheltering at home with their kids sometimes struggle to foster their children’s continued engagement with learning. Eva Pomerantz, a professor of psychology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, studies the factors that promote children’s motivation and achievement at school. She spoke to News Bureau life sciences editor Diana Yates about her research on the topic and her own efforts to keep her children academically engaged while at home. Where does the U.S. withdrawal leave the World Health Organization? Aug 18, 2020 8:00 am1921 views A global response, such as that organized by the World Health Organization, is needed to control the COVID-19 pandemic, says Ian Brooks, a research scientist whose focus is global health informatics.