blog postsIllinois social work professor named Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Health Policy FellowJul 29, 2019 8:30 am1023 views Liliane Windsor, a professor of social work at the University of Illinois, has been named a Health Policy Fellow by the National Academy of Medicine and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.Coping skills program helps social service workers reduce stress, trauma after disastersJul 24, 2019 1:00 pm944 views Caregivers Journey of Hope can help social service workers to mitigate the stress and trauma they may experience while helping others recover from disasters, U. of I. researchers found in a new study.Left eye? Right eye? American robins have preference when looking at decoy eggsJul 23, 2019 7:00 pm761 views Just as humans are usually left- or right-handed, other species sometimes prefer one appendage, or eye, over the other. A new study reveals that American robins that preferentially use one eye significantly more than the other when looking at their own clutch of eggs are also more likely to detect, and reject, a foreign egg placed in their nest by another bird species – or by a devious scientist.For anemonefish, male-to-female sex change happens first in the brainJul 23, 2019 8:30 am998 views The anemonefish is a gender-bending marvel. It starts out as a male, but can switch to female when circumstances allow – for example, when the only female present dies or disappears. In a new study, researchers found that the male-to-female sex-change occurs first in the fish’s brain and only later involves the gonads – sometimes after a delay of months or years.Search for new semiconductors heats up with gallium oxideJul 22, 2019 10:30 am977 views University of Illinois electrical engineers have cleared another hurdle in high-power semiconductor fabrication by adding the field’s hottest material – beta-gallium oxide – to their arsenal. Beta-gallium oxide is readily available and promises to convert power faster and more efficiently than today’s leading semiconductor materials – gallium nitride and silicon, the researchers said.Tracking an invisible worldJul 22, 2019 8:30 am799 views It’s 2 a.m. on a cold winter night. My timer beeps loudly, waking me up for yet another measurement. It’s been a long day; I’ve been tracking bacterial growth every two hours for the past 18 hours. I stumble off the couch that has served as a bed for countless graduate students before me. I go to my lab bench, pick up the test tubes that I need for my samples, and groggily set off to the incubation room.Study: Even in competitive markets, shareholders bear burden of corruptionJul 18, 2019 8:30 am459 views While the U.S. traditionally ranks low on worldwide corruption indices, domestic political corruption still imposes substantial costs on U.S. shareholders, according to new research co-written by Gies College of Business accounting professor Nerissa Brown.Extracting history from a cornfieldJul 17, 2019 12:30 pm3601 views When I get to the archaeological site, I’m surprised to see that it’s in the middle of an active cornfield. Dusty furrows with tiny sprigs of corn come to within about 10 feet of the dig. The researchers are already here, gently peeling back their tarps, assembling their gear and getting ready for another day. The tarps cover the excavation of one of about two dozen dwellings that stood on this site roughly 800 years ago. A short distance away, another team works on a second house.Responses to terrorism require reasoning, not outrage, says a writer of its historyJul 17, 2019 9:30 am581 views Responding to terrorists requires reasoning rather than outrage, said an Illinois historian who has written a new book on terrorism and its history.Perinatal depression screenings may not detect women having suicidal thoughts, study findsJul 16, 2019 9:30 am471 views Perinatal depression screenings may overlook a significant proportion of women who are having suicidal thoughts, according to a new study led by University of Illinois social work professor Karen M. Tabb.Can a state copyright its own laws – and prevent citizens from republishing them?Jul 15, 2019 9:00 am590 views The pending Supreme Court case Georgia v. Public.Resource.Org will test the legality of a state copyrighting its own laws, which could pose a challenge to legal research, scholarship and public access to the law, said U. of I. copyright law expert Sara R. Benson.Study: Minimum wage 'an effective tool' for increasing incomes of older workersJul 10, 2019 8:30 am350 views In an era of rising inequality and aging populations in the U.S., the effect of the minimum wage on the labor market for older workers is increasingly important, says new research from Mark Borgschulte, a professor of economics at Illinois.Govindjee's photosynthesis museumJul 9, 2019 8:30 am2931 views I am in Govindjee’s office suite and I don’t know where to look. Govindjee, a professor emeritus of plant biology who goes by the one name only, is a collector. There are layers of history here: artifacts and papers, books and photographs. There also are homemade scientific instruments that look like plumbing elbows, tiny satellites or props from vintage sci-fi movies.Human waste an asset to economy, environment, study findsJul 8, 2019 8:00 am2423 views Human waste might be an unpleasant public health burden, but scientists at the University of Illinois see sanitation as a valuable facet of global ecosystems and an overlooked source of nutrients, organic material and water.How might 'Medicare for All' reshape health care in the U.S.?Jul 2, 2019 8:45 am618 views University of Illinois professor emeritus of community health Thomas W. O’Rourke, an expert on health policy analysis, the possible impact of establishing a single-payer health care system in the U.S.Citizenship and the census: What happens now?Jul 1, 2019 7:30 am368 views An Illinois professor who studies how Latinos deal with the census responds to the Supreme Court’s decision on the citizenship question.Will there be any constraints now on partisan gerrymandering?Jun 28, 2019 2:45 pm510 views The Supreme Court this week said it can’t provide the cure to partisan gerrymandering, so the focus will have to be on prevention, says an Illinois political science professor who hopes her research can play a part.Prints as propaganda: Krannert Art Museum builds world-class collection of Dutch political printsJun 26, 2019 9:30 am469 views Krannert Art Museum has amassed the largest museum collection of Dutch political prints outside of Europe.Researchers unveil how soft materials react to deformation at molecular levelJun 24, 2019 7:00 am920 views Before designing the next generation of soft materials, researchers must first understand how they behave during rapidly changing deformation. In a new study, researchers challenged previous assumptions regarding polymer behavior with newly developed laboratory techniques that measure polymer flow at the molecular level.Study: Phenols in cocoa bean shells may reverse obesity-related problems in mouse cellsJun 20, 2019 2:15 pm1745 views A new study by researchers at the University of Illinois suggests that the phenolic compounds in cocoa bean shells reverse the chronic inflammation and insulin resistance associated with obesity in mouse cells.Parental involvement in children's schooling consistently beneficial, study findsJun 20, 2019 9:45 am895 views In a new study of more than 480,800 families, psychologists at the University of Illinois found that the more involved parents were in their children’s schooling, the better the children’s adjustment.Will legalizing marijuana be a boon to the state of Illinois?Jun 20, 2019 9:00 am761 views By legalizing and taxing recreational marijuana, the state of Illinois could fund additional pension payments while making investments in public education, construction projects, and drug treatment and prevention programs, says Robert Bruno, a professor of labor and employment relations at the Urbana campus of the University of Illinois and the director of the Labor Education Program in Chicago.Interweaving technology and traditionJun 19, 2019 9:00 am462 views The MakerBot on my desk is making sounds like waves on a beach. Back and forth, back and forth, it gradually builds up my design in layers. My work focuses on the cosmogony and mythology of Zapotecan motifs. I am especially captivated by the fretwork designs of the archaeological site of Mitla, Oaxaca in Mexico.Aggressive, non-native wetland plants squelch species richness more than dominant natives doJun 19, 2019 8:30 am492 views Dominant, non-native plants reduce wetland biodiversity and abundance more than native plants do, researchers report in the journal Ecology Letters. Even native plants that dominate wetland landscapes play better with others, the team found.Biochar may boost carbon storage, but benefits to germination and growth appear scantJun 19, 2019 8:15 am689 views Biochar may not be the miracle soil additive that many farmers and researchers hoped it to be, according to a new University of Illinois study. Biochar may boost the agricultural yield of some soils – especially poor quality ones – but there is no consensus on its effectiveness. Researchers tested different soils’ responses to multiple biochar types and were unable to verify their ability to increase plant growth. However, the study did show biochar’s ability to affect soil greenhouse gas emissions.New insight from Great Barrier Reef coral provides correction factor to global climate recordsJun 18, 2019 9:45 am763 views Newly developed geological techniques help uncover the most accurate and high-resolution climate records to date, according to a new study. The research finds that the standard practice of using modern and fossil coral to measure sea-surface temperatures may not be as straightforward as originally thought. By combining high-resolution microscopic techniques and geochemical modeling, researchers are using the formational history of Porites coral skeletons to fine-tune the records used to make global climate predictions.Does more rain mean more risk of mosquito-borne diseases in Illinois?Jun 18, 2019 8:45 am933 views Experts have ranked May 2019 as one of the wettest Mays on record in central Illinois. Is it possible that the incidence of mosquito-borne illnesses increases with the amount of rainfall? To find out, News Bureau science writer Ananya Sen asked Brian F. Allan, an entomology professor at the University of Illinois.A warming Midwest increases likelihood that farmers will need to irrigateJun 18, 2019 8:45 am622 views If current climate and crop-improvement trends continue into the future, Midwestern corn growers who today rely on rainfall to water their crops will need to irrigate their fields, a new study finds. This could draw down aquifers, disrupt streams and rivers, and set up conflicts between agricultural and other human and ecological needs for water, scientists say.Scholar: Navigating parental rights in juvenile cases fraught with challengesJun 18, 2019 8:00 am308 views Courts have consistently affirmed that parents and guardians have significant latitude in making decisions on how to raise children. But in the juvenile justice context, the traditional role of parental authority has been supplanted or nearly eliminated by the child’s attorney, said Margareth Etienne, a professor of law at Illinois.Study: Irritable bowel syndrome may be underdiagnosed in athletesJun 13, 2019 11:45 am698 views Gastrointestinal problems are common among endurance athletes, and many of them may be struggling with undiagnosed irritable bowel syndrome, a new study by University of Illinois food scientists suggests.Rare Book and Manuscript Library exhibit to feature typewriters used by Hefner, Ebert, SandburgJun 12, 2019 9:00 am1916 views A Rare Book and Manuscript Library exhibit will showcase typewriters used by Hugh Hefner, Roger Ebert, Carl Sandburg and James Jones.What happened at Stonewall 50 years ago? And why did it matter?Jun 11, 2019 10:30 am456 views An Illinois historian describes how everything changed for those involved in the Stonewall riots 50 years ago, and the event’s place in the history of gay rights.Researchers develop fast, efficient way to build amino acid chainsJun 6, 2019 8:30 am581 views Researchers report that they have developed a faster, easier and cheaper method for making new amino acid chains – the polypeptide building blocks that are used in drug development and industry – than was previously available. The new approach purifies the amino acid precursors and builds the polypeptides at the same time, unlike previous methods in which the processes were separate, laborious and time-consuming.'Citizen scientists' help track foxes, coyotes in urban areasJun 4, 2019 8:15 am496 views As foxes and coyotes adapt to urban landscapes, the potential for encounters with humans necessarily goes up. A team of scientists is taking advantage of this fact to enlist the eyeballs and fingertips of humans – getting them to report online what they see in their own neighborhoods and parks.Study: Teens at greater risk of violence, injury during sexual assaults than previously thoughtMay 30, 2019 10:00 am391 views In a recent study of the forensic evidence in 563 sexual assault cases, U. of I. researchers found “striking similarities” in the types of injuries and violence experienced by adult and adolescent victims.Discovering treasures in Library’s storage vaultsMay 30, 2019 9:00 am1742 views The University Library’s Oak Street Library Facility stores more than 4 million volumes in climate-controlled storage vaults.Does the Supreme Court need to care about public opinion?May 29, 2019 9:45 am269 views The Supreme Court has to consider public opinion and its popularity in deciding politically divisive cases, says a University of Illinois political scientist.'Fettuccine' may be most obvious sign of life on Mars, researchers reportMay 29, 2019 8:00 am19758 views A rover scanning the surface of Mars for evidence of life might want to check for rocks that look like pasta, researchers report in the journal Astrobiology. The bacterium that controls the formation of such rocks on Earth is ancient and thrives in harsh environments that are similar to conditions on Mars, said University of Illinois geology professor Bruce Fouke, who led the new, NASA-funded study.New mutations for herbicide resistance rarer than expected, study findsMay 28, 2019 10:00 am763 views New evidence suggests that the mutation rate in amaranth – a group that includes several agricultural weeds – is quite low and that low-level exposure to herbicides contributes little, if anything, to the onset of herbicide-resistant mutations in this group.Digital publishing projects examine Jay-Z's music, Edward P. Jones' fictionMay 28, 2019 9:00 am444 views Analyses of Jay-Z’s music and Edward P. Jones’ fiction are among the first projects of Publishing Without Walls, a University of Illinois digital publishing initiative for humanities scholars.Artificial photosynthesis transforms carbon dioxide into liquefiable fuelsMay 22, 2019 12:30 pm2954 views Chemists at the University of Illinois have successfully produced fuels using water, carbon dioxide and visible light through artificial photosynthesis. By converting carbon dioxide into more complex molecules like propane, green energy technology is now one step closer to using excess CO2 to store solar energy – in the form of chemical bonds – for use when the sun is not shining and in times of peak demand.Polymers jump through hoops on pathway to sustainable materialsMay 17, 2019 9:30 am2016 views Recyclable plastics that contain ring-shaped polymers may be a key to developing sustainable synthetic materials. Despite some promising advances, researchers said, a full understanding of how to processes ring polymers into practical materials remains elusive. In a new study, researchers identified a mechanism called “threading” that takes place when a polymer is stretched – a behavior not witnessed before. This new insight may lead to new processing methods for sustainable polymer materials.Perceived union support buoys 'meaningfulness of work' measuresMay 13, 2019 9:00 am1032 views When employees think of their labor union as supportive and caring, says new research co-written by U. of I. labor professor M. Teresa Cardador, they are more likely to rate their union as fulfilling their psychological needs for autonomy, competence and relatedness – all of which are related to enhanced work meaningfulness.Receiving weekend food improves school attendance among children living with hungerMay 10, 2019 12:15 pm732 views Participating in a food-distribution program that provides children from food-insecure households with backpacks of meals for the weekend improves their school attendance on Fridays, a new study found.'Engineering Fire' documentary premieres on BTNMay 9, 2019 8:45 am637 views “Engineering Fire,” 30-minute documentary video chronicling the work of University of Illinois engineers to introduce a solar-cooking device in Haiti, premieres May 12 at 7 p.m. CDT on the Big Ten Network.Krannert Center for the Performing Arts announces 50th season of performancesMay 9, 2019 8:00 am622 views Krannert Center for the Performing Arts will present its 50th season of performances in 2019-20.What changes should be made to modernize consumer bankruptcy law?May 8, 2019 9:00 am399 views The primary reason why current bankruptcy law doesn’t work well is that it dates back to 1978, before the explosion of consumer credit, says Robert M. Lawless, the Max L. Rowe Professor of Law at Illinois and a leading consumer credit and bankruptcy expert. Lawless served as reporter for the American Bankruptcy Institute’s Commission on Consumer Bankruptcy, which recommended several changes to the law.Mechanics, chemistry and biomedical research join forces for noninvasive tissue therapyMay 6, 2019 2:00 pm1570 views A fortuitous conversation between two University of Illinois scientists has opened a new line of communication between biomedical researchers and the tissues they study. The new findings, reported in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, show that high-intensity focused ultrasound waves can penetrate biological tissue to activate molecules able to perform specific tasks.Researchers find protein that suppresses muscle repair in miceMay 6, 2019 12:15 pm553 views Researchers report that a protein known to be important to protein synthesis also influences muscle regeneration and regrowth in an unexpected manner. The discovery, reported in the Journal of Clinical Investigation, could one day lead to new methods for treating disorders that result in muscle weakness and loss of muscle mass, the researchers said.Professor’s history of Coca-Cola also tells larger story of globalizationMay 6, 2019 10:15 am1065 views Coca-Cola’s history is one of innovation in image-making, outsourcing and other now-common practices of global capitalism – and of adapting to challenges from activists and movements resisting its practices, says an Illinois professor in a new book.