blog postsWhy is the NFL team in Washington, D.C., changing its name?Jul 21, 2020 9:00 am1220 views The NFL team in the nation’s capital will no longer be the Redskins. It’s the highest-profile retirement of an American Indian name by a sports team in decades, says Jay Rosenstein, an Illinois professor of media and cinema studies. His documentary on the use of American Indian mascots in sports aired in 1997 and he has closely followed the issue since.Chasing bumble bees on a patch of prairieJul 20, 2020 1:30 pm788 views It’s hot and the key to the gate doesn’t work. Heavy clouds hover to the north and east, and a distant rumble warns of potential rain.“Looks like you’re going to get the full prairie experience,” Tommy McElrath says. To our right is Trelease Woods, a remnant 65-acre patch of old-growth forest owned by the University of Illinois. To the left, a slice of restored prairie. We’re here to get a glimpse of what’s left of the 18 species of bumble bees recorded here in decades past.Can Major League Baseball owners, players avoid another work stoppage?Jul 20, 2020 8:00 am604 views A coronavirus-abbreviated Major League Baseball season will open amid the backdrop of significant labor tension between owners and players, says U. of I. labor historian Daniel A. Gilbert.Spirituality, financial security essential to Latinos’ positive agingJul 17, 2020 11:45 am495 views Financial security and spirituality are essential to positive aging in Latino older adults, and programs designed for this population should prioritize these elements, a new study indicates.Paper: Mundane behavioral decisions, actions can be ‘misremembered’ as doneJul 17, 2020 8:00 am1179 views Mundane behaviors such as taking a daily medication can eventually create false memories of completing the task, said Dolores Albarracin, a professor of psychology and marketing at Illinois and the director of the Social Action Lab.Two Illinois communication scholars elected ICA FellowsJul 10, 2020 9:15 am465 views Leanne Knobloch and Angharad Valdivia, both professors at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have been elected Fellows of the International Communication Association, in recognition of distinguished scholarly contributions to the broad field of communication. Two other Illinois faculty members received the same honor last year.What tips can help educators convert in-person courses to online instruction?Jul 9, 2020 12:00 pm1322 views Teaching professor and medical education facilitator Dr. Kashif A. Ahmad, who mentors educators in creating quality online courses, discusses his tips for creating engaging online content.Intimate partner violence, history of childhood abuse worsen trauma symptoms for new momsJul 9, 2020 8:15 am1036 views A study assessed the interaction of new and old relationship traumas among women three to 18 months after the birth of their child – one of the most challenging periods of their lives. The study found that new experiences of sexual, emotional and physical abuse at the hands of a romantic partner during this period are associated with increasing symptoms of trauma such as anxiety, depression, self-harm and sleep disorders. It also found that having experienced abuse in childhood appears to worsen the impact of current abuse on those symptoms.Study: Interplay of impact, moral goals influences charitable giving to different causesJul 7, 2020 8:00 am637 views With the rise of globalization, geographic borders are becoming less relevant for making charitable donations, which means nonprofits and charities can make more effective pitches to donors by emphasizing higher-level concepts such as morality and idealistic values, said Carlos Torelli, a professor of business administration and the James F. Towey Faculty Fellow at Illinois.Group genomics drive aggression in honey beesJul 6, 2020 3:45 pm1154 views Hive genomics – not individual genetic traits – drive aggression in a unique population of gentle Africanized honey bees, a new study reveals. “This is a signal that there may be more to the genetics of behavior as a whole than we’ve been thinking about,” said U. of I. bioinformatics professor Matthew Hudson, a co-author of the study. Eight projects awarded funding for AI research to mitigate COVID-19Jun 30, 2020 1:45 pm2887 views Eight University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign projects are among 26 to receive the first C3.ai Digital Transformation Institute awards for artificial intelligence techniques to mitigate the COVID-19 pandemic. The institute will provide a total of $5.4 million over the next year to projects that examine the medical, social and economic impacts of the novel coronavirus and inspire researcher collaboration in advanced machine learning and other AI disciplines. Where does the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program stand?Jun 30, 2020 7:45 am674 views Although the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in its favor, the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program remains a stopgap measure at best. The permanent fix is a comprehensive immigration bill that looks something like the former DREAM Act, says Lauren R. Aronson, an associate clinical professor of law and the director of the Immigration Law Clinic at the U. of I. College of Law.Engineered immune cells recognize, attack human and mouse solid-tumor cancer cellsJun 29, 2020 8:15 am1189 views A method known as CAR-T therapy has been used successfully in patients with blood cancers such as lymphoma and leukemia. It modifies a patient’s own T-cells by adding a piece of an antibody that recognizes unique features on the surface of cancer cells. In a new study, researchers report that they have dramatically broadened the potential targets of this approach – their engineered T-cells attack a variety of solid-tumor cancer cells from humans and mice.Why are familiar brands with Black images getting a rethink?Jun 29, 2020 8:00 am1458 views At least one familiar brand is being retired and others are getting a rethink due to their use of Black images. Illinois advertising professor Jason Chambers explains why.Illinois professor proposes guide for developing common data science approachesJun 25, 2020 9:00 am759 views University of Illinois information sciences professor Victoria Stodden proposes a way to develop recognized data science processes for research.New approach drives bacteria to produce potential antibiotic, antiparasitic compoundsJun 25, 2020 8:15 am820 views Researchers found a way to spur the production of new antibiotic or antiparasitic compounds hiding in the genomes of actinobacteria, which are the source of drugs such as actinomycin and streptomycin and are known to harbor other untapped chemical riches. The scientists report their findings in the journal eLife.Control over work-life boundaries creates crucial buffer to manage after-hours work stressJun 25, 2020 8:00 am1311 views Workers with greater boundary control over their work and personal lives were better at creating a stress buffer to prevent them from falling into a negative rumination trap, says a new study co-written by a trio of University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign experts who study occupational stress and employee well-being.Cowbirds change their eggs’ sex ratio based on breeding timeJun 24, 2020 8:45 am505 views Brown-headed cowbirds show a bias in the sex ratio of their offspring depending on the time of the breeding season, researchers report in a new study. More female than male offspring hatch early in the breeding season in May, and more male hatchlings emerge in July.Recovery from airline delays works best with future disruptions in mindJun 22, 2020 9:30 am770 views Instead of responding to each flight delay as if it were an isolated event, airlines should consider the likelihood of potential disruptions ahead, researchers report in the journal Transportation Science. They developed a new approach that allows airlines to respond to flight delays and cancellations while also incorporating information about likely disruptions later the same day.Human activity on rivers outpaces, compounds effects of climate changeJun 19, 2020 10:00 am2327 views The livelihoods of millions of people living along the world’s biggest river systems are under threat by a range of stressors caused by the daily economic, societal and political activity of humans – in addition to the long-term effects of climate change, researchers report.Bobwhites listen to each other when picking habitatJun 18, 2020 8:15 am570 views Northern bobwhites are attracted to a habitat based on whether other bobwhites are present there, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign report. This phenomenon, called conspecific attraction, could aid conservation efforts.How will public spaces change as result of the COVID-19 pandemic?Jun 17, 2020 8:45 am1705 views Pandemics have changed our physical spaces throughout history, but changes made as a result of COVID-19 may not be long-lasting, says Illinois architecture professor Benjamin Bross.What can police trainers learn from the current crisis?Jun 17, 2020 8:15 am753 views Police reform is on the national agenda in response to the choking death of George Floyd by a Minneapolis police officer in late May – and many other such incidents before and since. Police Training Institute director Michael Schlosser weighed in on the current crisis. Based at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the PTI trains dozens of police departments across the state of Illinois. Schlosser spoke with News Bureau life sciences editor Diana Yates. Beliefs about cannabis influence older adults' choice of treatments for chronic painJun 17, 2020 7:30 am1511 views Pain levels and quality-of-life issues have little influence on older adults’ decisions to treat chronic pain and other long-term diseases or conditions with cannabis or opioids, a new U. of I. study found.Simulated sea slug gets addicted to drugJun 16, 2020 8:15 am1393 views Scientists built a computer model of a simple brain network based on that of a sea slug, taught it how to get food, gave it an appetite and the ability to experience reward, added a dash of something called homeostatic plasticity and then exposed it to a very intoxicating drug. To no one’s surprise, the creature became addicted. The research is part of a long-term project to create a working model of the brain, starting with the simplest of circuits and gradually adding complexity, said Rhanor Gillette, a University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign professor emeritus of molecular and integrative physiology who led the research.Grace and healing: Parkinson's dance class opens pathways to body and mindJun 12, 2020 8:15 am1731 views Laughter ripples across the dance floor. Bodies bend in an arc. For some, that arc is much less pronounced, but that’s not important. Any expansion of movement is a celebration for these dancers – they have Parkinson’s disease. This is a session of Dance for People with Parkinson’s, a tradition for more than 10 years at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.Why the calls for defunding police?Jun 11, 2020 2:00 pm2131 views Calls for defunding or even abolishing the police in the wake of George Floyd’s death may sound radical to many, but the idea is not new, says A. Naomi Paik, a professor of Asian American studies at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.Housing instability undermines public health response to COVID-19 pandemicJun 11, 2020 8:15 am996 views Housing instability threatens to undermine the U.S. public health response to COVID-19, says a new working paper co-written by an interdisciplinary team of researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.Humanities research program elevated to institute statusJun 11, 2020 8:15 am1951 views The Humanities Research Institute – previously known as the Illinois Program for Research in the Humanities – is now one of nine campuswide interdisciplinary research institutes at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.Opposition to sexual- and gender-minority rights linked to support for Christian dominanceJun 11, 2020 7:30 am970 views Many Christian and political conservatives in the U.S. support legislation to deny sexual and gender minorities the rights most Americans enjoy: unfettered access to jobs, housing, services and public facilities; the opportunity to marry as they choose; and the right to adopt a child. A new study published in the American Journal of Community Psychology offers insight into the factors that correlate with support for such laws.Researchers mimic nature for fast, colorful 3D printingJun 10, 2020 1:00 pm1344 views Brilliantly colored chameleons, butterflies, opals – and now some 3D-printed materials – reflect color by using nanoscale structures called photonic crystals. A new study that demonstrates how a modified 3D-printing process provides a versatile approach to producing multiple colors from a single ink is published in the journal Science Advances.Study tracks decades of life cycle changes in nonwoody plantsJun 9, 2020 8:15 am1320 views For 25 years, Carol Augspurger visited a patch of ancient woods near Urbana to look at the same 25 one-square-meter plots of earth she first demarcated for study in 1993. She surveyed the plots once a week in spring and summer, tracking the major life events of each of the herbaceous plants that grew there. In fall, she visited every other week. In winter, once a month. Over the course of her study, Augspurger made nearly 600,000 observations of 43 plant species in Trelease Woods, a 60.5-acre remnant of old-growth forest in central Illinois. She noted 10 distinct developmental stages in the plants’ lives, including when they emerged in spring, how long it took them to mature, when the flowers opened and died, when the leaves began to lose their greenness and when the plants went dormant.Do COVID-19 apps protect your privacy?Jun 8, 2020 1:00 pm1131 views Many mobile apps that track the spread of COVID-19 ask for personal data but don’t indicate the information will be secure.Study examines impact of high school teacher and student views of freshmen's social, emotional needsJun 8, 2020 9:00 am939 views When high school freshmen’s teachers give them lower scores on communication skills, the students receive four times as many disciplinary referrals as some of their peers, a new study found.Is it possible to overcome our biases in the face of conflict?Jun 4, 2020 2:30 pm1666 views Our biases, conscious and unconscious, influence how we process news of events like the death of George Floyd at the hands of police, and the media plays an important part in forming and reinforcing those biases, says Travis Dixon, a professor of communication at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.Asian tiger mosquito gains ground in IllinoisJun 4, 2020 8:15 am20694 views Researchers report that the Asian tiger mosquito, Aedes albopictus, has become more abundant across Illinois in the past three decades. Its spread is problematic, as the mosquito can transmit diseases – like chikungunya or dengue fever – to humans.Paper: Pandemic-fueled job losses exacerbating preexisting inequalities among workersJun 4, 2020 8:15 am829 views Although workers of all demographics have experienced job losses due to COVID-19, workers who belong to more disadvantaged groups – women, racial and ethnic minorities, younger people and the less educated – have been disproportionately affected by unemployment, according to new research co-written by Eliza Forsythe, a professor of labor and employment relations and of economics at Illinois.Blood markers predict Humboldt penguin nest type, reproductive successJun 2, 2020 8:15 am903 views In a new study, researchers looked at metabolic markers in the blood of 30 Humboldt penguins nesting in the Punta San Juan Marine Protected Area in Peru. The scientists discovered metabolic differences between penguins nesting in sheltered burrows and those in more exposed areas. Nesting success is critical to the Humboldt penguins’ long-term survival as a species.Study: Integrating satellite and socioeconomic data to improve climate change policyMay 28, 2020 12:15 pm656 views Bangladesh is on track to lose all of its forestland in the next 35-40 years, leading to a rise in CO2 emissions and subsequent climate change, researchers said. However, that is just one of the significant land-use changes that the country is experiencing. A new study uses satellite and census data to quantify and unravel how physical and economic factors drive land-use changes. Understanding this relationship can inform climate policy at the national scale in Bangladesh and beyond.Will movie theaters survive COVID-19?May 27, 2020 9:30 am1363 views Summer is normally a season for blockbusters, but movie theaters will have special challenges this year, starting with a gamble on a few July releases. Derek Long, a professor of media and cinema studies at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, looks at the present and future of the business.What have we learned about intimate partner violence?May 26, 2020 12:30 pm312 views Human development and family studies professors Jennifer Hardesty and Brian Ogolsky discuss their recent study on intimate partner violence.Study: Benefits of workplace wellness programs underwhelmingMay 26, 2020 10:00 am831 views An interdisciplinary team of researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign studied the efficacy of workplace wellness programs and found only a modest impact on employee health, health beliefs and medical utilization.How do we combat global food insecurity during pandemics?May 22, 2020 8:15 am1026 views The World Food Programme recently warned that the COVID-19 pandemic could double the number of people facing extreme food shortages, bringing the number of those in crisis to about 265 million worldwide. Esther Ngumbi, a professor of entomology and of African American studies at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign who writes and speaks about global food security, spoke with News Bureau life sciences editor Diana Yates about the practices that can help reduce the problem of global food insecurity.Environmental contaminants alter gut microbiome, healthMay 21, 2020 8:00 am1374 views Scientists review the research linking dozens of environmental chemicals to changes in the gut microbiome and associated health challenges.Scientists text-mining social media for data on food-related topicsMay 15, 2020 9:00 am838 views With millions of users daily, social media offer researchers a wealth of textual data to investigate food-, health-related issues, U. of I. food scientists report.Study: Multiscale crop modeling effort required to assess climate change adaptationMay 14, 2020 12:00 pm1092 views Crop modeling is essential for understanding how to secure the food supply as the planet adapts to climate change. Many current crop models focus on simulating crop growth and yield at the field scale, but lack genetic and physiological data, which may hamper accurate production and environmental impact assessment at larger scales.Virtual exhibitions highlight art and design graduatesMay 14, 2020 8:45 am1059 views Graduates from the School of Art and Design will exhibit their work virtually this spring.Cahokia's rise parallels onset of corn agricultureMay 14, 2020 8:15 am5162 views Corn cultivation spread from Mesoamerica to what is now the American Southwest by about 4000 B.C., but how and when the crop made it to other parts of North America is still a subject of debate. In a new study, scientists report that corn was not grown in the ancient metropolis of Cahokia until sometime between A.D. 900 and 1000, a relatively late date that corresponds to the start of the city’s rapid expansion.What effect will COVID-19 have on end-of-life and retirement issues?May 14, 2020 8:00 am936 views The continued spread of COVID-19 ought to prompt adults to start seriously thinking about end-of-life issues such as writing a will, said University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign law professor and elder law expert Richard L. Kaplan.Growing mountains or shifting ground: What is going on in Earth’s inner core?May 12, 2020 11:45 am9594 views Exhaustive seismic data from repeating earthquakes and new data-processing methods have yielded the best evidence yet that the Earth’s inner core is rotating – revealing a better understanding of the hotly debated processes that control the planet’s magnetic field.