Geologists challenge conventional view of Earth’s continental history, stability with new study Jun 12, 2023 10:00 am1183 views The seemingly stable regions of the Earth’s continental plates – the so-called stable cratons – have suffered repetitive deformation below their crust since their formation in the remote past, according to new research from the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. This hypothesis defies decades of conventional plate tectonics theory and begs to answer why most cratons have remained structurally stable while their underbellies have experienced significant change. Illinois researchers, Native American tribes working together to curate, increase access to oral histories Jun 12, 2023 9:00 am980 views Researchers at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign are part of the Doris Duke Native Oral History Revitalization Project, which aims to make ethnographic materials collected from Native American tribes accessible online and to return materials to those communities. Team finds reliable predictor of plant species persistence, coexistence Jun 8, 2023 8:30 am577 views Like many ecological scientists, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign plant biology professor James O’Dwyer has spent much of his career searching for ways to measure and predict how specific plant communities will fare over time. Which species in a diverse population will persist and coexist? Which will decline? What factors might contribute to continuing biodiversity?In a new study reported in the journal Nature, O’Dwyer and his colleague, U. of I. graduate student Kenneth Jops, report the development of a method for determining whether pairs or groups of plant species are likely to coexist over time. Changing police culture with stories of wrongful convictions Jun 8, 2023 8:00 am1556 views I’m in a room with more than 100 police recruits and I can’t believe what I’m hearing. The future police officers are learning about the devastating consequences of criminal prosecutions gone wrong. These aren’t just abstract stories. More than a dozen exonerees are here to share their stories with the police recruits. Mechanical engineers lend fresh insight into battery-based desalination technology Jun 7, 2023 11:45 am1395 views To achieve more effective saltwater desalination, mechanical engineers focused on fluid movement rather than new materials in a new study. By adding microchannels to the inside of battery-like electrodes made of Prussian blue – an intense blue pigment often used in art that also has special chemical properties – researchers increased the extent of seawater desalination five times over their non-channeled counterparts to reach salinity levels below the freshwater threshold. Krannert Center for the Performing Arts announces performances for its 2023-24 season Jun 6, 2023 9:00 am1122 views A wide range of artists will perform during Krannert Center for the Performing Arts’ 2023-24 season, which opens with the 10th year of ELLNORA: The Guitar Festival. Imaging agents light up two cancer biomarkers at once to give more complete picture of tumor Jun 5, 2023 11:00 am1163 views Cancer surgeons may soon have a more complete view of tumors during surgery thanks to new imaging agents that can illuminate multiple biomarkers at once, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign researchers report. The fluorescent nanoparticles, wrapped in the membranes of red blood cells, target tumors better than current clinically approved dyes and can emit two distinct signals in response to just one beam of surgical light, a feature that could help doctors distinguish tumor borders and identify metastatic cancers. Webb Space Telescope detects universe’s most distant complex organic molecules Jun 5, 2023 10:00 am4089 views Researchers have detected complex organic molecules in a galaxy more than 12 billion light-years away from Earth – the most distant galaxy in which these molecules are now known to exist. Thanks to the capabilities of the recently launched James Webb Space Telescope and careful analyses from the research team, a new study lends critical insight into the complex chemical interactions that occur in the first galaxies in the early universe. Following in the footsteps of early 20th century naturalist Elizabeth Kerr Jun 5, 2023 8:00 am699 views Trek through Colombia with graduate student Juliana Soto, who, with her all-female team of Colombian ornithologists, revisits landscapes to study and document the birds of the region. In preparing for the expedition, Soto discovered the work of naturalist Elizabeth Kerr, who in the early 20th century collected wild bird specimens in Colombia for the American Museum of Natural History. Study tracks social, genetic evolution in Asian colobine primates Jun 1, 2023 1:00 pm398 views Asian colobines, also known as leaf-eating monkeys, have been on the planet for about 10 million years. Their ancestors crossed land bridges, dispersed across continents, survived the expansion and contraction of ice sheets and learned to live in tropical, temperate and colder climes. A new study reported in the journal Science finds parallels between Asian colobines’ social, environmental and genetic evolution, revealing for the first time that colobines living in colder regions experienced genetic changes and alterations to their ancient social structure that likely enhanced their ability to survive. Illinois professor examines lasting legacy of al-Andalus for Arabs, Muslims today May 30, 2023 9:30 am493 views Comparative and world literature professor Eric Calderwood wrote about the diverse meanings attributed to al-Andalus and the enduring cultural influence it has today. BTN COVID-19 documentary 'The New Normal' premieres May 23 May 22, 2023 10:15 am1068 views “The New Normal,” a 30-minute documentary premiering May 23 at 1:30 p.m. CST/ 2:30 p.m. EST on the Big Ten Network, documents the journey of University of Illinois Urbana Champaign researchers to create a fast and inexpensive coronavirus test to ensure that U. of I. students, faculty and staff could remain safe and healthy during the pandemic Viral videos about private moments may affect offline relationships May 18, 2023 1:15 pm1247 views Posting videos about intimate relationships to social media platforms may affect offline relationships, according to a case study of the “couch guy” video by Emily Mendelson, a graduate student at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. What’s the transformative potential of artificial intelligence? May 17, 2023 8:00 am1024 views Anxiety about artificial intelligence has been driven by its rapid development as well as knowledge worker concerns about potentially being replaced by the transformative technology, says Robert Brunner, the associate dean for innovation and chief disruption officer at the Gies College of Business at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. Preserving the sound of the Altgeld Chimes May 12, 2023 9:30 am2360 views Early on a sunny Sunday morning, the chimes tower in Altgeld Hall is filling up with people. Students climb the steep staircase to the tower, several of them carrying snacks. They are all chimes players who will perform for a recording of chimes music. Lough named School of Social Work dean May 11, 2023 1:30 pm2026 views Benjamin J. Lough will be the next dean of the School of Social Work at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, pending approval by the University of Illinois Board of Trustees. Smart surgical implant coatings provide early failure warning while preventing infection May 5, 2023 12:30 pm3461 views Newly developed “smart” coatings for surgical orthopedic implants can monitor strain on the devices to provide early warning of implant failures while killing infection-causing bacteria, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign researchers report. The coatings integrate flexible sensors with a nanostructured antibacterial surface inspired by the wings of dragonflies and cicadas. Book examines the effects of volatility in state funding for higher education May 5, 2023 12:00 pm756 views Recessions and other economic downturns usually portend cuts in states' higher education funding, and U. of I. professor Jennifer Delaney and other experts explore the implications in the new book, "Volatility in State Spending for Higher Education." U of I to lead National Artificial Intelligence Research Institute focused on STEM learning May 4, 2023 8:15 am3905 views Scientists at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign will lead a National Artificial Intelligence Research Institute focused on developing learning technologies that will accelerate youths' STEM learning and broaden diversity in related occupations. 'Blind Field Shuttle' brings a new perspective to campus walk May 3, 2023 8:45 am398 views University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign staff and students took part in the participatory artwork “Blind Field Shuttle” by artist Carmen Papalia, which offers participants the opportunity to explore the world without sight. How does climate change affect global bird reproduction? May 1, 2023 2:00 pm711 views A new study assessed changes in the reproductive output of 104 bird species around the world between 1970 and 2019. Illinois Natural History Survey avian ecologist Jeff Hoover, a co-author of the report, explains how climate change is altering bird ecology and health. Preserving Illinois forests, one landowner at a time Apr 28, 2023 10:00 am543 views Go Behind the Scenes with U. of I. Extension forestry and research specialist Christopher Evans, who leads a training program for landowners who want to learn how to maintain healthy forests. Colleges must reexamine career services to boost employment of students with disabilities Apr 28, 2023 9:45 am789 views Fundamental changes are needed in colleges’ career and disability services so that students with disabilities can access job opportunities aligned with their skills and aspirations, said Chang-kyu Kwon, a professor of education policy, organization and leadership at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. New metric allows researchers to better understand soft material behavior Apr 27, 2023 8:30 am855 views The mechanics behind the collapse of soft materials structure have befuddled researchers for decades. In a new study, researchers uncover a metric that finally correlates microscopic-level processes with what is seen at the macroscopic level. How do you handle free speech issues in higher education, popular discourse? Apr 27, 2023 8:00 am840 views The current state of the First Amendment is an ongoing battle between those who say they want to advance freedom of speech for everyone versus those who want to drown out voices that they don’t agree with, says Lena Shapiro, a clinical assistant professor of law and the inaugural director of the College of Law’s First Amendment Clinic. First-year chemistry students learn data analytics in new lab curriculum Apr 26, 2023 8:00 am462 views A laboratory curriculum created by scientists at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign and Rice University exposes first-year chemistry students at a community college to advanced topics such as data analytics and physical chemistry. Study: Brain circuits for locomotion evolved long before appendages and skeletons Apr 26, 2023 8:00 am620 views Hundreds of millions of years before the evolution of animals with segmented bodies, jointed skeletons or appendages, soft-bodied invertebrates like sea slugs ruled the seas. A new study finds parallels between the brain architecture that drives locomotion in sea slugs and that of more complex segmented creatures with jointed skeletons and appendages. Returning to Illinois theatre to direct, mentor students Apr 25, 2023 1:30 pm790 views Tyrone Phillips, an Illinois theatre program alumnus and the artistic director of Chicago’s Definition Theatre, returned to direct students in a play this spring. Are direct college admissions the future of higher education? Apr 25, 2023 10:15 am890 views Direct college admissions systems benefit both students and postsecondary institutions, according to Jennifer Delaney, a professor of higher education at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. Study links nutrients, brain structure, cognition in healthy aging Apr 25, 2023 8:15 am1418 views A new study found that blood markers of two saturated fatty acids along with certain omega-6, -7 and -9 fatty acids correlated with better scores on tests of memory and with larger brain structures in the frontal, temporal, parietal and insular cortices. Three Illinois scientists elected to American Academy of Arts and Sciences Apr 24, 2023 10:15 am1762 views Three University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign scientists have been elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. New stellar danger to planets identified by NASA'S Chandra program Apr 21, 2023 9:30 am2194 views An exploded star can pose more risks to nearby planets than previously thought, according to a new study from NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory and other X-ray telescopes. This newly identified threat involves a phase of intense X-rays that can damage the atmospheres of planets up to 160 light-years away. New Latin American Ensemble diversifies musical offerings at Illinois Apr 19, 2023 9:15 am705 views The Latin American Ensemble, a partnership between the School of Music and the Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies, plays a wide variety of music from Mexico, Central America, South America and the Caribbean. What can the Supreme Court do to restore public trust? Apr 18, 2023 10:00 am851 views The most likely outcome of the Clarence Thomas revelations is that the Supreme Court will announce new or clarified ethical standards for justices on the high court, says Jason Mazzone, the Albert E. Jenner Jr. Professor of Law and the director of the Program in Constitutional Theory, History, and Law at the College of Law at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. New book chronicles personal, professional journey studying futures markets Apr 11, 2023 8:00 am1833 views Scott Irwin, the Laurence J. Norton Chair of Agricultural Marketing in the department of agricultural and consumer economics at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, is the author of “Back to the Futures,” a book that’s part personal memoir and part explainer of the futures market. In Florida study, nonnative leaf-litter ants are replacing native ants Apr 7, 2023 10:00 am786 views A new look at decades of data from museum collections and surveys of leaf-litter ants in Florida reveals a steady decline in native ants and simultaneous increase in nonnative ants – even in protected natural areas of the state, researchers report. Bollero named College of ACES dean Apr 6, 2023 4:00 pm3319 views Germán Bollero will be the next dean of the College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, pending approval by the University of Illinois Board of Trustees. Bollero has served as the interim dean of ACES since September 2021. Two Illinois researchers receive ACLS Fellowships Apr 6, 2023 2:15 pm1403 views Illinois history professor Yuridia Ramírez and Latina/Latino studies professor José de la Garza Valenzuela have been awarded 2023 American Council of Learned Societies Fellowships. Book describes how Hong Kong media waged Asia's cultural cold war Apr 6, 2023 10:15 am713 views Hong Kong was a battleground for the competing ideologies of China, Taiwan and the U.S. in the post-World War II period. The conflict drove the expansion and transformation of the Hong Kong media, says history professor Po-Shek Fu. Hubble unexpectedly finds double quasar in distant universe Apr 5, 2023 10:00 am1060 views The early universe was a rambunctious place where galaxies often bumped into each other and even merged. Using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope and other space and ground-based observatories, astronomers made an unexpected and rare discovery: a pair of gravitationally bound quasars, both blazing away inside two merging galaxies. They existed when the universe was just 3 billion years old. Are Illinois farmers aware of the risk of tick-borne diseases? Apr 5, 2023 9:30 am1002 views Illinois Ph.D. candidate Sulagna Chakraborty describes awareness of ticks and tick-borne disease among Illinois farmers. Should educators worry about ChatGPT? Apr 4, 2023 9:15 am2383 views Educators need to help students understand and use artificial intelligence language tools in appropriate ways to prepare them for a future in which their use is commonplace, says English and information sciences professor Ted Underwood. AI predicts enzyme function better than leading tools Mar 30, 2023 1:00 pm6402 views A new artificial intelligence tool can predict the functions of enzymes based on their amino acid sequences, even when the enzymes are unstudied or poorly understood. The researchers said the AI tool, dubbed CLEAN, outperforms the leading state-of-the-art tools in accuracy, reliability and sensitivity. Better understanding of enzymes and their functions would be a boon for research in genomics, chemistry, industrial materials, medicine, pharmaceuticals and more. Illinois performing arts programs taking the stage downtown Mar 30, 2023 12:15 pm731 views The Illinois dance and Lyric Theatre programs will perform at the Virginia Theatre in downtown Champaign this spring for “Krannert Center at the Virginia,” a collaboration between Krannert Center for the Performing Arts and the Virginia Theatre. Researchers reveal real-time glimpse into growth habits of nanoparticles Mar 30, 2023 10:00 am2548 views For the first time, researchers have observed the process of nanoparticles self-assembling and crystalizing into solid materials. In new videos produced by the team, particles can be seen raining down, tumbling along stairsteps and sliding around before finally snapping into place to form a crystal’s signature stacked layers. Mimicking biological enzymes may be key to hydrogen fuel production Mar 29, 2023 1:30 pm1779 views An ancient biological enzyme known as nickel-iron hydrogenase may play a key role in producing hydrogen for a renewables-based energy economy, researchers said. Careful study of the enzyme has led chemists from the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign to design a synthetic molecule that mimics the hydrogen gas-producing chemical reaction performed by the enzyme. Advanced electrode to help remediation of stubborn new 'forever chemicals' Mar 27, 2023 2:45 pm1297 views As new environmental regulations are rolling out to mitigate the industry-retired long-chain chemicals known as PFAS in drinking water, there are concerns regarding a new breed of “forever chemicals” called short-chain PFAS. Research from the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign is helping shift the focus to include mitigation of the chemicals – which researchers say are just as persistent as, more mobile and harder to remove from the environment than their long-chain counterparts. Illinois historian examines how emotional intimacy became politically valued in post-WWII Britain Mar 24, 2023 8:30 am1377 views History professor Teri Chettiar said emotional well-being was seen as a key factor for a stable democracy in the period following World War II. Research uncovers details about the mysterious author of early astronomy textbooks Mar 22, 2023 2:00 pm761 views New research by Gregory Girolami, the William and Janet Lycan Professor of Chemistry at the University of Illinois, uncovered previously unknown details about Margaret Bryan, the mysterious author of early astronomy and physics textbooks. Book: Professional jobs have changed – but not for the better Mar 22, 2023 1:15 pm665 views The new book “Crisis in the Professions: The New Dark Age” examines the social, political and economic forces that are changing the practice and public perceptions of elite professions such as law, medicine and higher education.