blog posts 100-year-old trans fat pioneer celebrates news of an FDA ban Jun 4, 2015 1:00 pm2405 views A Minute With™... Fred Kummerow, trans fat expert $1.5 billion needed to ensure 12-month stockpile of pediatric vaccines Apr 18, 2006 9:00 am31 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - A six-month stockpile of recommended pediatric vaccines would cost $1 billion and could cover more than 90 percent of U.S. children during a six-month interruption in production, say researchers at two Illinois universities. 2020 a bad year in many respects, but what about global carbon emissions? Dec 15, 2020 9:45 am941 views The Global Carbon Project recently published the Global Carbon Budget 2020, giving world leaders access to data on atmospheric carbon concentrations, emissions and trends. Illinois atmospheric scientist Atul Jain was part of an international team of scientists that contributed data to the report. Jain talked about the carbon budget and this year’s findings with News Bureau physical sciences editor Lois Yoksoulian. 2020 deadlier than previous five years, even with COVID-19 numbers removed, study finds Jul 19, 2021 1:30 pm1750 views An upswing in death rates from non-COVID-19 causes in 2020 hit hard for men ages 15-64, according to a new study by computer science professor Sheldon H. Jacobson and internal medicine professor Janet Jokela. 3-D imaging provides window into living cells, no dye required Jan 21, 2014 9:00 am339 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Living cells are ready for their close-ups, thanks to a new imaging technique that needs no dyes or other chemicals, yet renders high-resolution, three-dimensional, quantitative imagery of cells and their internal structures - all with conventional microscopes and white light. 3D microscopy clarifies understanding of body's immune response to obesity Feb 17, 2021 1:00 pm1120 views Researchers who focus on fat know that some adipose tissue is more prone to inflammation-related comorbidities than others, but the reasons why are not well understood. Thanks to a new analytical technique, scientists are getting a clearer view of the microenvironments found within adipose tissue associated with obesity. This advance may illuminate why some adipose tissues are more prone to inflammation – leading to diseases like type 2 diabetes, cancer and cardiovascular disorders – and help direct future drug therapies to treat obesity. 3-D printed sugar scaffolds offer sweet solution for tissue engineering, device manufacturing May 23, 2018 2:00 pm5018 views University of Illinois engineers built a 3-D printer that offers a sweet solution to making detailed structures that commercial 3-D printers can’t: Rather than a layer-upon-layer solid shell, it produces a delicate network of thin ribbons of hardened isomalt, the type of sugar alcohol used to make throat lozenges. The water-soluble, biodegradable glassy sugar structures have multiple applications in biomedical engineering, cancer research and device manufacturing. 50 million-year-old fossil assassin bug has unusually well-preserved genitalia Jan 19, 2021 8:30 am1255 views The fossilized insect is tiny and its genital capsule, called a pygophore, is roughly the length of a grain of rice. It is remarkable, scientists say, because the bug’s physical characteristics – from the bold banding pattern on its legs to the internal features of its genitalia – are clearly visible and well-preserved. Recovered from the Green River Formation in present-day Colorado, the fossil represents a new genus and species of predatory insects known as assassin bugs. A 20-minute bout of yoga stimulates brain function immediately after Jun 5, 2013 9:00 am7484 views CHAMPAIGN, lll. - Researchers report that a single, 20-minute session of Hatha yoga significantly improved participants' speed and accuracy on tests of working memory and inhibitory control, two measures of brain function associated with the ability to maintain focus and take in, retain and use new information. Participants performed significantly better immediately after the yoga practice than after moderate to vigorous aerobic exercise for the same amount of time. A bright idea: Tiny injectable LEDs help neuroscientists study the brain Apr 11, 2013 9:00 am1070 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - A new class of tiny, injectable LEDs is illuminating the deep mysteries of the brain. Absence of critical protein linked to infertility Jan 17, 2006 9:00 am132 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - The absence of a key protein may lead to infertility. Abstract thinking can make you more politically moderate Nov 2, 2012 9:00 am639 views CHAMPAIGN, lll. - Partisans beware! Some of your most cherished political attitudes may be malleable! Researchers report that simply answering three "why" questions on an innocuous topic leads people to be more moderate in their views on an otherwise polarizing political issue. A bumper crop...of weeds? Aug 18, 2014 9:00 am36 views A Minute With™... crop sciences professor and weed expert Aaron Hager Abundance of protein in infected swine may result in reduced muscle mass Nov 17, 2004 9:00 am16 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - A study looking at chronic infectious respiratory diseases that affect most swine during their critical growing stage has shed new light on the reasons for restricted weight gain and reduced muscle mass. Advanced techniques yield new insights into ribosome self-assembly Feb 12, 2014 9:30 am169 views Ribosomes, the cellular machines that build proteins, are themselves made up of dozens of proteins and a few looping strands of RNA. A new study, reported in the journal Nature, offers new clues about how the ribosome, the master assembler of proteins, also assembles itself. After more than 100 years apart, webworms devastate New Zealand parsnips Jan 30, 2008 9:00 am265 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - What could be lower than the lowly parsnip, a root once prized for its portable starchiness but which was long ago displaced by the more palatable potato? Perhaps only the parsnip webworm gets less respect. An age-old enemy of the parsnip, the webworm is one of very few insects able to overcome the plant's chemical defenses. The tenacious parsnip webworm has followed the weedy version of the parsnip in its transit from its ancestral home in Eurasia to Europe, North America and - most recently - New Zealand. After-school exercise program enhances cognition in 7-, 8- and 9-year-olds Sep 29, 2014 9:00 am1216 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - A nine-month-long, randomized controlled trial involving 221 prepubescent children found that those who engaged in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity for at least 60 minutes a day after school saw substantial improvements in their ability to pay attention, avoid distraction and switch between cognitive tasks, researchers report in the journal Pediatrics. Aggressive, non-native wetland plants squelch species richness more than dominant natives do Jun 19, 2019 8:30 am1156 views Dominant, non-native plants reduce wetland biodiversity and abundance more than native plants do, researchers report in the journal Ecology Letters. Even native plants that dominate wetland landscapes play better with others, the team found. A glucose meter of a different color provides continuous monitoring Aug 25, 2014 9:00 am585 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - University of Illinois engineers are bringing a touch of color to glucose monitoring. Agricultural fungicide attracts honey bees, study finds Jan 8, 2018 9:30 am4760 views When given the choice, honey bee foragers prefer to collect sugar syrup laced with the fungicide chlorothalonil over sugar syrup alone, researchers report in the journal Scientific Reports. Agricultural, health education goes global via cellphone animations Dec 10, 2012 9:00 am172 views CHAMPAIGN, lll. - They're watching them in Benin, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, India and Niger. They're learning how to stop the spread of dengue, malaria, tuberculosis, cholera and food-related illness. They're learning how to protect their crops from insect damage or post-harvest losses. And they're coming up with new ideas for similar lessons to share with their neighbors or others around the world. Airport baggage screeners may need continuing education, study indicates Apr 27, 2004 9:00 am10 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Baggage screeners have just seconds amid loud airport noises and the pressure of rushed airline travelers to scan X-rays of carry-on items for weapons. How good they are at finding one may depend on the specificity of their training, say researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Alejandro Lleras receives National Science Foundation CAREER Award Apr 16, 2008 9:00 am12 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Alejandro Lleras, a professor of psychology at the University of Illinois and an affiliate of the Beckman Institute, is a recipient of an Early Faculty CAREER award from the National Science Foundation. The $400,000 award will be distributed over five years, beginning in 2008. 'Alien Arthropods!' invade 19th annual Insect Fear Film Festival on Feb. 9 Jan 22, 2002 9:00 am51 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. Millions of alien invaders live in the United States, and a select bunch of them cause an estimated $20 billion in damage each year. These are not repulsive life-threatening beings from Mars and beyond; rather they are insects and other arthropods, some barely distinguished from homegrown varieties. Some of these aliens will star in this years Insect Fear Film Festival on Feb. 9. Alison Bell receives Animal Behavior Society Young Investigator Award Jun 18, 2012 9:00 am355 views CHAMPAIGN, lll. - Alison Bell, a University of Illinois animal biology professor, is a recipient of the 2012 Young Investigator Award from the Animal Behavior Society. The society recognized Bell for her "remarkable research contributions to the field of animal behavior and the early training of young scholars" in her laboratory. A little java makes it easier to jive, researcher says Mar 30, 2009 9:00 am439 views CHAMPAIGN, lll. -Stopping to smell the coffee - and enjoy a cup of it - before your morning workout might do more than just get your juices flowing. It might keep you going for reasons you haven't even considered. A little prairie can rescue honey bees from famine on the farm, study finds Nov 25, 2019 2:00 pm1497 views Scientists placed honey bee hives next to soybean fields in Iowa and tracked how the bees fared over the growing season. To the researchers’ surprise, the bees did well for much of the summer. The colonies thrived and gained weight, building up their honey stores. But in August, the trend reversed. By mid-October, most of the honey was gone and the overwintering brood was malnourished, the team discovered. Altruistic adolescents less likely to become depressed, new study suggests Apr 24, 2014 9:00 am453 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - It is better to give than to receive - at least if you're an adolescent and you enjoy giving, a new study suggests. Amphetamine use in adolescence may impair adult working memory Oct 19, 2009 9:00 am194 views CHAMPAIGN, lll. - Rats exposed to high doses of amphetamines at an age that corresponds to the later years of human adolescence display significant memory deficits as adults - long after the exposure ends, researchers report. Ancient African herders had lasting ecological impact on grazed lands Aug 29, 2018 12:00 pm972 views Ancient animal herders added to the ecological richness and diversity of the African savanna thousands of years ago – an effect that persists to the present day, a new study finds. The herders’ practice of penning their cattle, goats and sheep at night created nutrient-rich grassy glades, called hotspots, that still attract wildlife and have increased habitat diversity in the region, researchers report in the journal Nature. Ancient bones, teeth, tell story of strife at Cahokia Aug 4, 2016 10:45 am5153 views Dozens of people buried in mass graves in an ancient mound in Cahokia, a pre-Columbian city in Illinois near present-day St. Louis, likely lived in or near Cahokia most of their lives, researchers report in the American Journal of Physical Anthropology. Ancient extinct sloth tooth in Belize tells story of creature’s last year Feb 27, 2019 1:00 pm1426 views Some 27,000 years ago in central Belize, a giant sloth was thirsty. The region was arid, not like today’s steamy jungle. The Last Glacial Maximum had locked up much of Earth’s moisture in polar ice caps and glaciers. Water tables in the area were low. The sloth, a beast that stood up to 4 meters tall, eventually found water – in a deep sinkhole with steep walls down to the water. That is where it took its final drink. Ancient 'fig wasp' lived tens of millions of years before figs Dec 5, 2013 9:00 am848 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - A 115-million-year-old fossilized wasp from northeast Brazil presents a baffling puzzle to researchers. The wasp's ovipositor, the organ through which it lays its eggs, looks a lot like those of present-day wasps that lay their eggs in figs. The problem, researchers say, is that figs arose about 65 million years after this wasp was alive. Ancient, modern DNA tell story of first humans in the Americas Nov 18, 2013 9:00 am123 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - University of Illinois anthropology professor Ripan Malhi looks to DNA to tell the story of how ancient humans first came to the Americas and what happened to them once they were here. Anemonefish dads further fathering research May 3, 2017 8:30 am783 views Like the dad in “Finding Nemo,” anemonefish fathers will do almost anything to support their offspring. Their parenting instincts are so strong that if you give a bachelor anemonefish a scoop of anemonefish eggs from an unrelated nest, he will care for them – constantly nipping at them to remove debris and fanning them with oxygen-rich waters – as if they were his own. (Any other fish would eat them, researchers say.) A new biofuels research initiative and Illinois' leading role in developing renewable energy Feb 6, 2007 9:00 am9 views A Minute With™... Stephen P. Long, Illinois' lead investigator on a new Energy Biosciences Institute Animated videos bring Ebola education to West Africa Feb 19, 2015 9:00 am186 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - In early 2014, just before Ebola surged in West Africa, leaders of Scientific Animations Without Borders visited with faculty and students at Njala University in Sierra Leone. The SAWBO team was looking for potential collaborators to help create and distribute its animated health and agricultural videos in Sierra Leone. A few months later, the Njala students asked SAWBO to work with them on animated videos about Ebola. An informatics approach helps better identify chemical combinations in consumer products Dec 12, 2016 9:15 am332 views An informatics approach can help prioritize chemical combinations for further testing by determining the prevalence of individual ingredients and their most likely combinations in consumer products. Anthropologist: 'Body Worlds' visitors confront bodies but not death Feb 7, 2011 9:00 am567 views CHAMPAIGN, lll. - In two new works, an anthropologist tackles a perplexing question relating to the enormously successful "Body Worlds" exhibits: How does society tolerate - and even celebrate - the public display of human corpses? Antibiotic breakthrough: Team discovers how to overcome gram-negative bacterial defenses May 10, 2017 12:00 pm3784 views Scientists report that they now know how to build a molecular Trojan horse that can penetrate gram-negative bacteria, solving a problem that for decades has stalled the development of effective new antibiotics against these increasingly drug-resistant microbes. The findings appear in the journal Nature. Antibiotic-resistant infections in pets: What now? Oct 3, 2017 8:30 am13473 views Rates of antibiotic-resistant infections in companion animals are rising at an alarming rate. An Illinois veterinarian discusses what can be done about it. Antibodies from original strain COVID-19 infection don't bind to variants, study finds Sep 17, 2021 8:30 am3466 views People infected with the original strain of the virus that causes COVID-19 early in the pandemic produced a consistent antibody response, making two main groups of antibodies to bind to the spike protein on the virus’s outer surface. However, those antibodies don’t bind well to newer variants, a new study from the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign found. Anti-bullying efforts should be tailored to victims' needs, study shows Jul 2, 2012 9:00 am66 views CHAMPAIGN, lll. - Girls with poor self-control become as physically aggressive as the average boy when they're bullied, suggests a new study by psychologists at the University of Illinois. Anti-cancer compound found to block late-stage breast-cancer cell growth Aug 31, 2004 9:00 am39 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - A well known anti-cancer agent in certain vegetables has just had its reputation enhanced. The compound, in broccoli and other cruciferous vegetables, has been found to be effective in disrupting late stages of cell growth in breast cancer. Antifungal drug improves key cystic fibrosis biomarkers in clinical study Dec 17, 2020 9:15 am1327 views A drug widely used to treat fungal infections improved key biomarkers in lung tissue cultures as well as in the noses of patients with cystic fibrosis, a clinical study by researchers at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign and the University of Iowa found. Antimicrobials, perfumes, drugs pose challenges for sewage treatment Dec 19, 2011 9:00 am26 views CHAMPAIGN, lll. - Think of it like sourdough. Or beer. Or yogurt. These popular products are all created through a process that involves using bacteria to systematically break down organic matter. Even though the process relies on living microorganisms, it can be mechanized or industrialized for large-scale production. Ant invaders eat the natives, then move down the food chain Dec 18, 2007 9:00 am466 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - The Argentine ant, Linepithema humile, is one of the most successful invasive species in the world, having colonized parts of five continents in addition to its native range in South America. A new study sheds light on the secrets of its success. Approach to school affects how girls compare with boys in math Feb 20, 2006 9:00 am158 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - More women are pursuing higher education and doctoral degrees than ever before, but women still are rare in the math-oriented professions. Yet, researchers say, girls perform just as well as boys on achievement tests and tend to earn better grades in math than do boys during the earlier school years. A professor not afraid to cross academic boundaries Aug 23, 2018 11:30 am920 views Illinois professor Ruby Mendenhall is focused on issues of poverty, inequality and violence, but crosses many academic boundaries in search of answers. Are bats to blame for the coronavirus crisis? Apr 24, 2020 8:15 am3053 views Horseshoe bats in China are a natural wildlife reservoir of SARS-like coronaviruses. Some health experts think wildlife markets – specifically in Wuhan, China – led to the spillover of the new coronavirus into human populations. Though not confirmed, the hypothesis has given bats around the world a bad rap, and public fears of exposure to bats are on the rise. Illinois Natural History Survey wildlife biologist Tara Hohoff, the project coordinator of the Illinois Bat Conservation Program, spoke to News Bureau life sciences editor Diana Yates about bat biology and conservation, and the flying mammals’ role in human health.