blog postsZoning restrictions also a key factor in foreclosure crisis, scholar saysMar 28, 2013 9:00 am110 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - The causes of the foreclosure crisis seem obvious: Buyers purchased homes they couldn't afford, lured in part by lenders pushing subprime mortgages. Real estate values escalated, and when the bubble burst, buyers were left owing more than their homes were worth.Would replacing food stamps with food boxes reduce hunger?Feb 22, 2018 8:30 am1732 views Swapping food stamps for food boxes would mean scrapping 'the most successful government program we have going today,' said U. of I. professor Craig GundersenWill produce prices rise following Florida freeze, Chilean earthquake?Mar 25, 2010 9:00 am33 views A Minute With™... crop sciences professor John MasiunasWill 2011 be the year of the global food crisis?Jan 26, 2011 9:00 am32 views A Minute With™... Darrel Good, a professor of agricultural and consumer economics Why does the FDA want to test milk for more drugs?Mar 23, 2011 9:00 am132 views A Minute With™...What the media call 'pink slime' is not new or dangerousApr 3, 2012 9:00 am132 views A Minute With™... Anna Dilger, a professor of animal sciencesWhat's the potential impact of herbicide-resistant weeds on agriculture in the U.S.?Apr 18, 2012 9:00 am883 views A Minute With™... Aaron Hager, a faculty member in the department of crop sciencesWhat are the implications for agriculture under a proposed climate bill?Nov 26, 2009 9:00 am13 views A Minute With™... agricultural economist Madhu KhannaWatching, planning key to avoiding soybean rust in IllinoisOct 17, 2006 9:00 am27 views A Minute With™... Suzanne Bissonnette, an Integrated Pest Management Extension EducatorVirus-infected honey bees more likely to gain entrance to healthy hivesApr 27, 2020 2:00 pm3355 views Honey bees that guard hive entrances are twice as likely to allow in trespassers from other hives if the intruders are infected with the Israeli acute paralysis virus, a deadly pathogen of bees, researchers report. Their new study, reported in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, strongly suggests that IAPV infection alters honey bees’ behavior and physiology in ways that boost the virus’s ability to spread, the researchers say.USDA awards $5.5 million to tackle childhood hungerJan 20, 2011 9:00 am39 views The U.S. Department of Agriculture has awarded $5.5 million to fund research that will help alleviate childhood hunger in the United States. Craig Gundersen, a UI professor of nutritional sciences in the department of agricultural and consumer economics, and James Ziliak, of the University of Kentucky Center for Poverty Research, will coordinate a research program on childhood hunger.U of I to lead two of seven new national artificial intelligence institutesAug 26, 2020 8:00 am8548 views The National Science Foundation and the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Institute of Food and Agriculture are announcing an investment of more than $140 million to establish seven artificial intelligence institutes in the U.S. Two of the seven will be led by teams at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. The USDA-NIFA will fund the AI Institute for Future Agricultural Resilience, Management and Sustainability at the U. of I. Illinois computer science professor Vikram Adve will lead the AIFARMS Institute. The NSF will fund the AI Institute for Molecular Discovery, Synthetic Strategy and Manufacturing, also known as the Molecule Maker Lab Institute. Huimin Zhao, a U. of I. professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering and of chemistry, will lead this institute.U. of I. alumna Temple Grandin elected to the American Academy of Arts and SciencesApr 21, 2016 9:30 am2310 views Temple Grandin, a University of Illinois alumna and a professor of animal sciences at Colorado State University, has been elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.Unique weather a factor in record 2004 Midwest crop yieldsMar 11, 2005 9:00 am57 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - If farmers talk big about 2004 crops as they get ready to head out into the fields this spring, let them talk. Believe them. Last year's crop season saw record yields in every major crop amid the closest-to-perfect weather conditions of the last century, scientists say.Two undergrads improve plant carbon-cycle modelsJul 24, 2017 10:00 am901 views In the summer of 2012, two undergraduate students tackled a problem that plant ecology experts had overlooked for 30 years. The students demonstrated that different plant species vary in how they take in carbon dioxide and emit water through stomata, the pores in their leaves. The data boosted the accuracy of mathematical models of carbon and water fluxes through plant leaves by 30 to 60 percent.Tomato-broccoli together shown to be effective against prostate cancerFeb 1, 2007 9:00 am633 views A new UI study shows that tomatoes and broccoli – two vegetables known for their cancer-fighting qualities – are better at shrinking prostate tumors when both are part of the daily diet than when they’re eaten alone.Three Illinois scientists rank among world's most influentialNov 18, 2020 8:45 am3148 views Three faculty members at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have been named to the 2020 Clarivate Analytics Highly Cited Researchers list. The list recognizes leading researchers in the sciences and social sciences from around the world. It is based on an analysis of journal article publication and citation data, an objective measure of a researcher’s influence, from 2009-2019. The highly cited Illinois researchers this year are: materials science and engineering professor Axel Hoffmann, crop sciences and plant biology professor Stephen Long, and plant biology professor Donald Ort.Team nebulizes aphids to knock down gene expressionMar 17, 2017 2:45 pm1041 views Researchers are nebulizing soybean aphids with RNA to speed the process of discovering the function of many mystery genes.Team finds bovine kobuvirus in USDec 12, 2019 8:00 am1959 views A virus that afflicts cattle that was first discovered in Japan in 2003 has made its way to the U.S., researchers report in the journal Emerging Infectious Diseases.Team converts wet biological waste to diesel-compatible fuelDec 4, 2018 8:45 am3081 views In a step toward producing renewable engine fuels that are compatible with existing diesel fuel infrastructure, researchers report they can convert wet biowaste, such as swine manure and food scraps, into a fuel that can be blended with diesel and that shares diesel’s combustion efficiency and emissions profile. They report their findings in the journal Nature Sustainability.Switch from corn to grass would raise ethanol output, cut emissionsJul 12, 2011 9:00 am133 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Growing perennial grasses on the least productive farmland now used for corn ethanol production in the U.S. would result in higher overall corn yields, more ethanol output per acre and better groundwater quality, researchers report in a new study. The switch would also slash emissions of two potent greenhouse gases: carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide.Survival of many of the world’s nonhuman primates is in doubt, experts reportJan 18, 2017 1:00 pm1859 views A report in the journal Science Advances details the grim realities facing a majority of the nonhuman primates in the world – the apes, monkeys, tarsiers, lemurs and lorises inhabiting ever-shrinking forests across the planet. The review is the most comprehensive conducted so far, the researchers say, and the picture it paints is dire.Supersweet Sweet Corn: 50 Years in the MakingAug 7, 2003 9:00 am6685 views Fifty years ago, sweet corn wasn't all that sweet and had a short shelf-life, which made it difficult for grocery stores to stock it. As a result of the persistence of some UI corn researchers, today's sweet corn not only lives up to its name in taste, it maintains its high quality for more than a week, long enough to get it into stores and onto dinner tables. Jerald "Snook" Pataky, UI plant pathologist in the College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences, has researched the history of UI’s contribution to the existence of today's supersweet corn and will be one of the featured speakers at Agronomy Day on Aug. 21. sStudy suggests commercial bumble bee industry amplified a fungal pathogen of beesApr 4, 2016 2:00 pm2566 views Scientists hoping to explain widespread declines in wild bumble bee populations have conducted the first long-term genetic study of Nosema bombi, a key fungal pathogen of honey bees and bumble bees. Their study found that Nosema infections in large-scale commercial bumble bee pollination operations coincided with infections and declines in wild bumble bees.Study: Second-generation biofuels can reduce emissionsJan 11, 2016 10:30 am1682 views Second-generation biofuel crops like the perennial grasses Miscanthus and switchgrass can efficiently meet emission reduction goals without significantly displacing cropland used for food production, according to a new study. Researchers from the University of Illinois and collaborators published their findings in the inaugural edition of the journal Nature Energy. The researchers call it the most comprehensive study on the subject to date.Study rewrites early history of corn in corn countryFeb 14, 2017 8:15 am2126 views A new study contradicts decades of thought, research and teaching on the history of corn cultivation in the American Bottom, a floodplain of the Mississippi River in Illinois. The study refutes the notion that Indian corn, or maize, was cultivated in this region hundreds of years before its widespread adoption at about 1000 A.D.Study: Regulatory hurdles hinder biofuels marketJul 21, 2011 9:00 am64 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Regulatory hurdles abound for the successful commercialization of emerging liquid biofuels, which hold the promise of enhancing U.S. energy security, reducing greenhouse gas emissions and serving as a driver for rural economic development, according to new research at the University of Illinois.Study: Reducing energy required to convert CO2 waste into valuable resourcesApr 17, 2019 10:45 am847 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — Surplus industrial carbon dioxide creates an opportunity to convert waste into a valuable commodity. Excess CO2 can be a feedstock for chemicals typically derived from fossil fuels, but the process is energy-intensive and expensive. University of Illinois chemical engineers have assessed the technical and economic feasibility of a new electrolysis technology that uses a cheap biofuel byproduct to reduce the energy consumption of the waste-to-value process by 53 percent.Study provides basis to evaluate food subsectors' emissions of three greenhouse gasesSep 13, 2021 10:00 am702 views A new, location-specific agricultural greenhouse gas emission study is the first to account for net carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide emissions from all subsectors related to food production and consumption. The work, led by University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign atmospheric sciences professor Atul Jain, could help identify the primary plant- and animal-based food sectors contributing to three major greenhouse gas emissions and allow policymakers to take action to reduce emissions from the top-emitting food commodities at different locations across the globe.Study: Phenols in purple corn fight diabetes, obesity, inflammation in mouse cellsApr 15, 2019 9:45 am2717 views Scientists at the University of Illinois developed new hybrids of purple corn with differing combinations of phytochemicals that may fight obesity, inflammation and diabetes, a new study in mice indicates -- and give the food industry sources of natural colorants.Study: Multiscale crop modeling effort required to assess climate change adaptationMay 14, 2020 12:00 pm1472 views Crop modeling is essential for understanding how to secure the food supply as the planet adapts to climate change. Many current crop models focus on simulating crop growth and yield at the field scale, but lack genetic and physiological data, which may hamper accurate production and environmental impact assessment at larger scales.Study links fish stress hormones to whether they take the baitAug 22, 2017 10:00 am1488 views Take a fish out of water and its stress hormones will go up. Adrenaline and noradrenaline, the “fight or flight” hormones, peak first, followed more gradually by cortisol. A new study finds that largemouth bass whose cortisol levels rise most after a brief bout of stress are inherently harder to catch by angling.Study: Irritable bowel syndrome may be underdiagnosed in athletesJun 13, 2019 11:45 am1204 views Gastrointestinal problems are common among endurance athletes, and many of them may be struggling with undiagnosed irritable bowel syndrome, a new study by University of Illinois food scientists suggests.Study: Integrating satellite and socioeconomic data to improve climate change policyMay 28, 2020 12:15 pm729 views Bangladesh is on track to lose all of its forestland in the next 35-40 years, leading to a rise in CO2 emissions and subsequent climate change, researchers said. However, that is just one of the significant land-use changes that the country is experiencing. A new study uses satellite and census data to quantify and unravel how physical and economic factors drive land-use changes. Understanding this relationship can inform climate policy at the national scale in Bangladesh and beyond.Study: Impact of food waste campaigns muted, but point toward right directionMar 8, 2019 8:45 am1258 views Food waste campaigns are a low-cost way to curb waste at all-you-can-eat dining establishments, but they may need to be combined with other environmental changes to make a difference, says new research co-written by Brenna Ellison, a professor of agricultural and consumer economics at Illinois.Study identifies chemical in diet that determines a honey bee’s casteAug 28, 2015 1:00 pm1939 views A closer look at how honey bee colonies determine which larvae will serve as workers and which will become queens reveals that a plant chemical, p-coumaric acid, plays a key role in the bees’ developmental fate.Study: Human wastewater valuable to global agriculture, economicsAug 15, 2018 12:45 pm1845 views It may seem off-putting to some, but human waste is full of nutrients that can be recycled into valuable products that could promote agricultural sustainability and better economic independence for some developing countries.Study: Groundwater from aquifers important factor in food securityJun 29, 2015 2:00 pm461 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — Thirsty cities, fields and livestock drink deeply from aquifers, natural sources of groundwater. But a study of three of the most-tapped aquifers in the United States shows that overdrawing from these resources could lead to difficult choices affecting not only domestic food security but also international markets.Study: Ground-level ozone reduces maize and soybean yieldsNov 5, 2015 9:00 am1026 views Despite government regulations, ground-level ozone – an odorless gas that forms as polluting nitrogen oxides drift in sunlight across the countryside – continues to threaten crop quality and yield. In a new study, researchers quantify this loss from historical yield data for the first time. They show that over the last 30 years, ozone emissions have reduced soybean and corn yields by 5 percent and 10 percent, respectively.Study: Future drought will offset benefits of higher CO2 on soybean yieldsSep 5, 2016 10:00 am1870 views An eight-year study of soybeans grown outdoors in a carbon dioxide-rich atmosphere like that expected by 2050 has yielded a new and worrisome finding: Higher atmospheric CO2 concentrations will boost plant growth under ideal growing conditions, but drought – expected to worsen as the climate warms and rainfall patterns change – will outweigh those benefits and cause yield losses much sooner than anticipated.Study: Fluorescent light clarifies relationship between heat stress and crop yieldMay 24, 2021 9:15 am912 views Scientists report that it is possible to detect and predict heat damage in crops by measuring the fluorescent light signature of plant leaves experiencing heat stress. If collected via satellite, this fluorescent signal could support widespread monitoring of growth and crop yield under the heat stress of climate change, the researchers say.Study finds rising ozone a hidden threat to cornOct 1, 2019 6:00 am1703 views Like atmospheric methane and carbon dioxide, ground-level ozone is on the rise. But ozone, a noxious chemical byproduct of fossil fuel combustion, has received relatively little attention as a potential threat to corn agriculture. A new study begins to address this lapse by exposing a genetically diverse group of corn plants in the field to future ozone levels. The study found that some members of the corn family tree are more susceptible than others to yield losses under high ozone air pollution.Study finds parallels between unresponsive honey bees, autism in humansJul 31, 2017 2:00 pm2052 views Honey bees that consistently fail to respond to obvious social cues share something fundamental with autistic humans, researchers report in a new study. Genes most closely associated with autism spectrum disorders in humans are regulated differently in unresponsive honey bees than in their more responsive nest mates, the study found.Study: Domestic control of COVID-19 takes priority over international travel bansAug 11, 2021 8:00 am766 views A new paper co-written by University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign economist Yilan Xu says taming domestic transmission of COVID-19 ought to be prioritized over international travel bans.Study: Crop rotation-resistant rootworms have a lot going on in their gutsJun 9, 2015 3:00 pm396 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — After decades of effort, scientists are finally figuring out how insects develop resistance to environmentally friendly farming practices – such as crop rotation – that are designed to kill them. The researchers say their insights will help develop more sustainable agricultural practices.Study: Cell-phone bans while driving have more impact in dense, urban areasFeb 8, 2010 9:00 am327 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - A new study analyzing the impact of hand-held cell phone legislation on driving safety concludes that usage-ban laws had more of an impact in densely populated urban areas with a higher number of licensed drivers than in rural areas where there are fewer licensed drivers, according to a University of Illinois researcher.Stink bugs a threat to farmers, smelly guests for homeownersAug 23, 2011 9:00 am436 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - The brown marmorated stink bug - scientific name Halyomorpha halys - has been found in four Illinois counties and could be a major threat to fruit, vegetable and agronomic crops if it proliferates.Some plants grow bigger – and meaner – when clipped, study findsOct 11, 2017 8:30 am3494 views Some plants behave like the mythical monster Hydra: Cut off their heads and they grow back, bigger and better than before. A new study finds that these “overcompensators,” as they are called, also augment their defensive chemistry – think plant venom – when they are clipped.Solving food insecurity problems among older AmericansJun 5, 2014 9:00 am370 views A Minute With™... Craig Gundersen, the University of Illinois Soybean Industry Endowed Professor of Agricultural StrategyShould states be in the lottery business?Sep 5, 2017 1:00 pm637 views A major downside to record-breaking lottery jackpots is that money flows from poorer communities into the hands of one incredibly lucky person, said Craig Lemoine, the director of the Financial Planning Program at the College of ACES.