blog posts Paper: 'Paradox brands' hold strong appeal for bicultural consumers Dec 1, 2021 8:00 am0 views “Paradox brands” – that is, brands that can straddle contradictory meanings or possess opposing characteristics – are more appealing to bicultural consumers in the U.S. than traditional singular-meaning brands, says new research co-written by University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign business professor and consumer marketing expert Maria A. Rodas. Nonverbal social interactions – even with unfriendly avatars – boost cooperation, study finds Nov 30, 2021 6:45 am193 views Researchers used animated humanoid avatars to study how nonverbal cues influence people’s behavior. The research offers insight into the brain mechanisms that drive social and economic decision-making. Participants were more willing to cooperate with animated avatars than with static figures representing their negotiation partners, the study revealed. It also found – somewhat surprisingly – that people were more consistently willing to accept unfair offers from unfriendly avatars than from friendly ones. New book examines the evolution of academic freedom at the U of I Nov 29, 2021 1:45 pm264 views A new book, "Dangerous Ideas on Campus: Sex, Conspiracy and Academic Freedom in the Age of JFK," explores how the prevailing moral values of the 1960s affected protections for scholars at the U. of I. Water disinfection byproduct disrupts reproductive hormones, damages pituitary in female mice Nov 24, 2021 8:00 am361 views A byproduct formed during water disinfection disrupts hormones in the brain that regulate the female reproductive cycle in mice and also damages cells in the pituitary gland, a new study from University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign researchers found. The new study’s findings of the chemical’s effects on reproductive regulation in the brain complement previous work that found that it also disrupts function in and causes damage to ovary cells, indicating the chemical could impact the entire reproductive system. The researchers hope that the continued study of these effects can help establish a safe level of exposure to guide future regulations. Bubbling up: Previously hidden environmental impact of bursting bubbles exposed in new study Nov 18, 2021 10:00 am1533 views Bubbles are common in nature and can form when ocean waves break and when raindrops impact surfaces. When bubbles burst, they send tiny jets of water and other materials into the air. A new study from the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign examines how the interplay between bubble surfaces and water that contains organic materials contributes to the transport of aerosolized organic materials – some of which are linked to the spread of disease or contamination – into the atmosphere. How can cities help accelerate climate action to meet COP26 goals? Nov 18, 2021 8:00 am613 views Last weekend, international negotiators approved the United Nations Glasgow Climate Pact at the 26th Conference of the Parties. Ashish Sharma, the Illinois research climatologist at the Illinois State Water Survey, spoke with News Bureau physical sciences editor Lois Yoksoulian about the takeaways from the COP26 and how the goals set at the global-level conference can be translated to the local level by U.S. cities. Illinois schools sought to participate in 2022 Illinois Youth Survey Nov 17, 2021 7:00 am359 views Middle and high schools in Illinois are invited to participate in the 2022 Illinois Youth Survey, an online anonymous survey that assesses alcohol, drug and tobacco use among eighth, 10th and 12th grade students. Fraternizing vampire bats share 'social microbiomes' Nov 16, 2021 8:00 am304 views An unusual study of vampire bats reveals that their gut microbiomes become more similar the more often they engage in social behaviors with one another. Six Illinois scientists rank among world's most influential Nov 16, 2021 7:45 am12168 views Six faculty members at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign have been named to the 2021 Clarivate Analytics Highly Cited Researchers list. Sustainable electrochemical process could revolutionize lithium-ion battery recycling Nov 15, 2021 1:00 pm973 views Spent lithium-ion batteries contain valuable metals that are difficult to separate from each other for recycling purposes. Used batteries present a sustainable source of these metals, especially cobalt and nickel, but the current methods used for their separation have environmental and efficiency drawbacks. A new technology uses electrochemistry to efficiently separate and recover the metals, making spent batteries a highly sustainable secondary source of cobalt and nickel – the reserves of which are currently dwindling. Building back a tiny piece of prairie Nov 15, 2021 8:00 am851 views Early November may not be an optimal time to visit a tallgrass prairie in central Illinois. But if you know what to look for, as my two guides do, it’s as good a time as any. Despite recent heavy rains, the prairie looks as dry as a skull. Grass and flower stalks rattle in the cold breeze, and each plant appears to sport its own special array of desiccated seeds, leaves and flower heads. The ground is still damp but the tops of the plants are crispy. I’m here with Fred Delcomyn and James Ellis, the authors of “A Backyard Prairie,” a book about Fred and Nancy Delcomyn’s personal project, a 3-acre swath of prairie that they began installing near their home in 2003 and have nurtured ever since. Project explores Octavia E. Butler novel through discussions, art, music Nov 11, 2021 1:30 pm584 views The project includes a community read, book discussions, an art exhibition and an opera based on the novel. PFAS exposure, high-fat diet drive prostate cells’ metabolism into pro-cancer state Nov 11, 2021 10:00 am966 views Consuming a high-fat diet along with exposure to PFAS changes benign and malignant prostate cells, promoting rapid tumor growth, scientists at the University of Illinois found in mouse study. Report: Extending child tax credit program offers many benefits for struggling families Nov 11, 2021 8:45 am419 views Expanding the child care tax credit beyond 2021 could have significant economic and other benefits for vulnerable families, according to a report by scholars with the Project for Middle Class Renewal. Canadian historian, writer Michael Ignatieff to speak Nov. 18 as part of EU Day at Illinois Nov 11, 2021 8:00 am119 views The 20th annual EU Day at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign will feature an online talk by former Canadian political leader turned academic Michael Ignatieff about threats to intellectual freedom in Europe. Paper: Engaging donors in creative acts can boost charitable fundraising Nov 11, 2021 8:00 am455 views Participating in creative activities in support of a charitable cause induces a sense of autonomy in participants, which increases both the likelihood and the amount of donation, said Ravi Mehta, a professor of business administration at the Gies College of Business at Illinois. What are the geopolitical implications of US nuclear submarine deal with Australia? Nov 11, 2021 8:00 am601 views The U.S.-U.K. sale of nuclear submarines to Australia is a response to China’s military ambitions in the South China Sea, said Edward A. Kolodziej, an emeritus research professor of political science at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign and an expert in international relations and global politics. November Dance features work inspired by Russian choreographer, dances by visiting artist and graduate students Nov 10, 2021 11:30 am317 views November Dance is Nov. 11-13 at Krannert Center for the Performing Arts. A large asteroid will pass by Earth this week – should we worry? Nov 10, 2021 9:30 am750 views Recent weeks have witnessed a series of medium-to-large-sized asteroids cross paths with Earth’s orbit. The largest of the pack – asteroid 2004 UE – is on track to make its closest approach to the planet Nov. 13. University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign astronomy professor and chair Leslie Looney spoke with News Bureau physical sciences editor Lois Yoksoulian about what researchers refer to as near Earth objects and how much of a threat they are to the planet. Are global CO2 emissions rebounding to pre-COVID-19 levels? Nov 9, 2021 11:45 am245 views The Global Carbon Project recently published its 2021 Global Carbon Budget report, providing data on atmospheric carbon concentrations, emissions and trends. University of Illinois Urban-Champaign atmospheric sciences professor Atul Jain was part of an international team of scientists that contributed data to the report. Jain discussed the carbon budget and this year’s findings with News Bureau physical sciences editor Lois Yoksoulian. Scientists discover how antibiotics penetrate Gram-negative bacterial cell walls Nov 8, 2021 8:00 am1193 views Scientists have labored for decades to find antibiotics that work against Gram-negative bacteria, which cause some of the deadliest infections in hospital settings and are most likely to be resistant to treatment with existing antibiotics. In a study reported in the journal Chemical Science, researchers developed a new method to determine how antibiotics with specific chemical properties thread their way through tiny pores in the otherwise impenetrable cell envelopes of Gram-negative bacteria. Theatre department production of 'Origin Story' looks at millennials' post-college life Nov 4, 2021 9:15 am438 views “Origin Story” was written by Illinois theatre alumnus Nathan Alan Davis. The theatre department’s production will be the Midwest premiere of the play. Do kids need a COVID-19 vaccine? Nov 4, 2021 9:00 am756 views The availability of a COVID-19 vaccine for school-aged children offers protection for children as well as eases challenges faced by their families and their schools, says Rebecca Lee Smith, an epidemiologist at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. Task force calls for changes in juvenile detention policies for children ages 10-12 Nov 3, 2021 8:15 am593 views A report based on data from the Juvenile Monitoring Information System at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign sparked changes in one juvenile detention center's practices. Paper: 'Affective polarization' increasingly leaks into social situations Oct 28, 2021 8:00 am603 views A new paper co-written by a University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign expert in political psychology shows political polarization has increasingly seeped into nonpolitical social situations. Story of tragic love triangle illustrates women's struggles at end of the Gilded Age Oct 27, 2021 8:45 am381 views Catherine Prendergast included the challenges she faced in researching the lives of the women involved in a tragic love triangle at the turn of the 20th century, when the historical record of the time was dominated by men. New molecule targets, images and treats lung cancer tumors in mice Oct 25, 2021 10:00 am937 views Lung cancer can be elusive to spot and difficult to treat, but University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign researchers have developed a finely tuned molecular agent that can precisely target lung and other cancer cells for imaging and treatment. Scientists look beyond the individual brain to study the collective mind Oct 21, 2021 11:30 am1159 views In a new paper, scientists suggest that efforts to understand human cognition should expand beyond the study of individual brains. They call on neuroscientists to incorporate evidence from social science disciplines to better understand how people think. Dance professor Cynthia Oliver receives Doris Duke Artist Award Oct 21, 2021 8:15 am1043 views The $275,000 award invests in the creative potential of exemplary artists. Studiodance showcases dance students' work Oct 20, 2021 12:00 pm226 views The performance at Krannert Center for the Performing Arts will feature six dances and a short dance film. Study reconstructs 232-year history of prairie fire in Midwestern US Oct 19, 2021 10:30 am2780 views Researchers combed through thousands of historical documents for first-person accounts of fires occurring between 1673 and 1905 in the Midwestern tallgrass prairie. Their study is the first systematic analysis of the timing, causes and consequences of prairie fires in this part of the world. Co-worker interventions can moderate customer sexual harassment in service industry Oct 19, 2021 8:00 am700 views Service-industry workers can be shielded from customer sexual harassment via bystander interventions from their fellow employees, says new research co-written by a team of University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign experts who study occupational stress and employee well-being. 'Crip*' exhibition at Krannert Art Museum centers experiences with disability, access Oct 18, 2021 2:30 pm933 views The exhibition features the work of artists with disabilities or non-normative identities. It is part of a collaborative project “Cripping the Arts” that includes increasing accessibility in art institutions. Which animals can catch the coronavirus? Oct 14, 2021 1:15 pm2111 views Dr. Leyi Wang and the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory have played a key role in diagnosing coronavirus infection in animal species in zoos across the country. This is important work for understanding the virus’s spread and its broad host range, Wang says. Patients view perinatal depression screenings as ineffective, study finds Oct 13, 2021 9:00 am834 views A standardized protocol and patient-centered approach are needed to improve perinatal depression screenings so patients feel the screenings are useful and effective, a new study found. Center for Children's Books examines Newbery Medal's history, legacy Oct 8, 2021 9:15 am581 views A book of scholarly essays and a symposium consider what Newbery books reveal about attitudes toward children’s literature. Team discovers invasive-native crayfish hybrids in Missouri Oct 8, 2021 1:00 am1411 views In a study of crayfish in the Current River in southeastern Missouri, researchers discovered – almost by chance – that the virile crayfish, Faxonius virilis, was interbreeding with a native crayfish, potentially altering the native’s genetics, life history and ecology. Reported in the journal Aquatic Invasions, the study highlights the difficulty of detecting some of the consequences of biological invasions, the researchers say. Illinois theatre season reimagines the American story Oct 7, 2021 12:45 pm982 views The theatre department will feature a diverse group of playwrights in its 2021-22 season. Staging a threatening encounter at a blackbird nest Oct 7, 2021 8:15 am527 views It’s early morning, about 6 a.m. A light fog has settled over the marsh. I park my car, step out and double-check my backpack for all the necessary equipment before heading out. After a short walk on a narrow paved path, I veer into the unmarked marsh. I’m here to study how red-winged blackbirds respond to the vocalizations that signal nearby nest parasites called brown-headed cowbirds. New book explores political secrecy among ordinary Americans in today's divisive culture Oct 6, 2021 9:45 am461 views U. of I. professsor of communication Emily Van Duyn examines political secrecy among ordinary Americans in the new book “Democracy Lives in Darkness: How and Why People Keep Their Politics a Secret." Paper: 'Autonomous help-seeking' on the job pays dividends for workers Oct 6, 2021 8:00 am791 views Different types of help-seeking at work have disparate interpersonal costs and benefits for competency measures on the job, says new research co-written by a team of University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign experts. Wu earns NIH Director's New Innovator Award Oct 5, 2021 9:45 am3572 views Biochemistry professor Nicholas Wu has received a 2021 NIH Director’s New Innovator Award. His project aims to understand how antibodies interact with their targets. New analytical technique helps researchers spot subtle differences in subcellular chemistry Sep 30, 2021 11:15 am2661 views Researchers at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign can now rapidly isolate and chemically characterize individual organelles within cells. The new technique tests the limits of analytical chemistry and rapidly reveals the chemical composition of organelles that control biological growth, development and disease. Birds' eye size offers clues to coevolutionary arms race between brood parasites, hosts Sep 28, 2021 6:00 pm286 views Eye size likely plays a role in the contest between avian brood parasites – birds that lay their eggs in the nests of other species – and their hosts, who sometimes detect the foreign eggs and eject or abandon them, scientists report. Media advisory: Kevin Leicht to testify before congressional subcommittee about disinformation Sep 27, 2021 11:45 am369 views Sociology professor Kevin Leicht to testify before congressional subcommittee about the effects of social media disinformation in fomenting distrust of scientists, particularly in regard to COVID-19 vaccines. DNA sensor quickly determines whether viruses are infectious Sep 22, 2021 1:00 pm2404 views A new sensor can detect not only whether a virus is present, but whether it’s infectious – an important distinction for containing viral spread. Researchers demonstrated the sensor, which integrates specially designed DNA fragments and nanopore sensing, with two key viruses that cause infections worldwide: the human adenovirus and the virus that causes COVID-19. Center for Advanced Study initiative looks at 'infodemic,' how to combat misinformation Sep 22, 2021 8:30 am525 views The CAS initiative will bring together experts to discuss misinformation, disinformation, “fake news” and conspiracy theories. What has been the impact of the Washington Football Team's name change? Sep 20, 2021 11:00 am2589 views The changes in the past year in the use of Native American imagery in sports and elsewhere have been unprecedented, said Jay Rosenstein, a Center for Advanced Study professor of media and cinema studies. Tiny porous crystals change the shape of water to speed up chemical reactions Sep 20, 2021 10:00 am847 views Chemical engineers at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign now understand how water molecules assemble and change shape in some settings, revealing a new strategy to speed up chemical reactions critical to industry and environmental sustainability. The new approach is poised to play a role in helping chemical manufacturers move away from harmful solvent catalysts in favor of water. Are President Biden's vaccine mandates lawful? Sep 20, 2021 9:00 am8671 views The expansive new set of vaccination requirements issued by the Biden administration affecting the federal workforce will likely be upheld by the courts, but the mandate emanating from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration is on shakier legal ground, says Michael LeRoy, an expert in labor law and labor relations at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign.