blog posts Ancient African herders had lasting ecological impact on grazed lands Aug 29, 2018 12:00 pm1892 views Ancient animal herders added to the ecological richness and diversity of the African savanna thousands of years ago – an effect that persists to the present day, a new study finds. The herders’ practice of penning their cattle, goats and sheep at night created nutrient-rich grassy glades, called hotspots, that still attract wildlife and have increased habitat diversity in the region, researchers report in the journal Nature. Research explores impact of racial discrimination on dating websites for gay, bisexual men Nov 14, 2019 12:00 pm1874 views University of Illinois social work professor Ryan Wade is the co-creator of a new scale that enables researchers to assess the impact of racialized sexual discrimination on gay and bisexual men of color. Two Illinois professors awarded NEH Fellowships Dec 15, 2016 3:00 pm1873 views Illinois professors Erik McDuffie and Carol Symes have been awarded National Endowment for the Humanities Fellowships for 2017. Children from chaotic homes benefit from time in child care, study finds Nov 19, 2015 9:30 am1799 views Children in poverty from chaotic homes have better cognitive, social and behavioral outcomes if they spent 35 or more hours weekly in child care. What makes political distrust such a problem? Oct 3, 2016 9:15 am1764 views The polarization and dysfunction in Congress has spread in recent years to the voting public, says professor Thomas Rudolph, but it’s more about simply disliking political opponents than differences over ideology. Wounds from childhood bullying may persist into college years, study finds Sep 1, 2016 10:45 am1759 views Childhood bullying inflicts the same long-term psychological trauma on girls as severe physical or sexual abuse, suggests a new survey of nearly 500 college students. 'Positive illusions' in romantic relationships Dec 16, 2014 9:00 am1740 views A Minute With™... Brian Ogolsky, a professor of human development and family studies, who studies romantic relationships Study ties present-day Native American tribe to ancestors in San Francisco Bay Area Mar 21, 2022 2:00 pm1736 views A genomic study of Native peoples in the San Francisco Bay Area finds that eight present-day members of the Muwekma Ohlone Tribe share ancestry with 12 individuals who lived in the region several hundred to 2,000 years ago. Vigilantism is an identity for some people, researchers report Mar 10, 2022 8:15 am1729 views A new study finds that some people routinely monitor the behavior of others and are eager to punish those who violate laws or societal norms, especially when they believe authorities have failed to do so. These self-appointed enforcers willingly embrace the job of keeping order, aren’t particularly concerned about accidentally punishing innocent people, and consider themselves kind and moral actors, the researchers found. Private investment in California's solar energy industry increases climate vulnerabilities, study finds Mar 9, 2022 10:30 am1724 views The large-scale infrastructure needed to attract private investment in solar energy makes it more vulnerable to climate extremes, said urban and regional planning professor Sean Kennedy. Professor’s history of Coca-Cola also tells larger story of globalization May 6, 2019 10:15 am1716 views Coca-Cola’s history is one of innovation in image-making, outsourcing and other now-common practices of global capitalism – and of adapting to challenges from activists and movements resisting its practices, says an Illinois professor in a new book. Chicago's Large Lot Program sowing change in inner-city communities Mar 19, 2019 2:30 pm1705 views Chicago's Large Lot Program is promoting positive changes in inner-city neighborhoods by allowing residents to buy and repurpose vacant lots that have been plagued by crime and other problems, U. of I. researchers found. Study: Supreme Court decision complicates prosecuting child abusers Jul 19, 2017 11:15 am1703 views A Supreme Court decision that limits the types of statements that can be admitted as evidence unless the victim testifies in court discourages prosecutors from trying some child maltreatment cases, according to a recent national survey of more than 200 prosecutors. Media portrayals of pregnant women, new moms unrealistic, study says Aug 7, 2017 1:30 pm1671 views Media portrayals of pregnant and postpartum women tend to be unrealistic, and their focus on women's bodies may may be detrimental to women and their infants, suggests a new study by University of Illinois scholar Toni Liechty. Conspiracy thinking less likely with greater news media literacy, study suggests Nov 29, 2017 9:45 am1667 views Those who are more news media literate are less likely to believe conspiracy theories, even ones that resonate with their politics, a study suggests. Research tracks narcissism from young adulthood to middle age Sep 11, 2019 8:15 am1605 views The belief that one is smarter, better looking, more successful and more deserving than others – a personality trait known as narcissism – tends to wane as a person matures, a new study confirms. But not for everyone, and not to the same extent. What does the Chicago Tribune sale mean for the future of newsrooms? Jun 2, 2021 8:00 am1591 views As more newspapers are purchased by “vulture” hedge funds – highlighted by the recent acquisition of Tribune Publishing Co. by Alden Global Capital LLC – University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign journalism professor Brant Houston touts nonprofit news organizations as a viable alternative to traditional newspaper business models. Study: Police more likely than others to say they are blind to racial differences May 16, 2016 8:45 am1576 views A new study reveals that police recruits and experienced officers are more likely than others to subscribe to colorblind racial beliefs – the notion that they – and people in general – see no differences among people from different racial groups and treat everyone the same. Smoking prevalent among pregnant women enrolled in Illinois WIC program, study finds Mar 18, 2020 10:00 am1574 views Despite public-awareness campaigns about the potential health risks of smoking while pregnant, more than 15% of low-income women in Illinois may be lighting up anyway, a new study suggests. Study adds new evidence that infants track others’ mental states May 7, 2018 7:00 am1568 views A brain-imaging study offers new support for the idea that infants can accurately track other people’s beliefs. When 7-month-old infants in the study viewed videos of an actor who saw – or failed to see – an object being moved to a new location, activity in a brain region known to play a role in processing others’ beliefs changed in the infants, just as it did in adults watching the same videos. How are social media changing higher education? Apr 22, 2021 8:00 am1557 views Fear of reprisals from outraged parties on social media and unspoken rules about acceptable discourse on college campuses constrain what faculty members teach, research and discuss, says sociology professor Ilana Redstone. Tailored sexual health messages urgently needed for young female tourists, expert says Mar 21, 2017 8:45 am1549 views With both tourism and casual “hookup” sex on the rise among college-age adults, there’s an urgent need for sexual health campaigns aimed at young female tourists who are sexual risk-takers, University of Illinois scholar Liza Berdychevsky suggests. Will anything ever change for the Kurds? Nov 7, 2019 12:00 pm1548 views A U. of I. specialist on Middle Eastern politics explains why Kurds often feel they have “no friends but the mountains,” why they’re a political threat to Turkey’s president and motivations for the recent Turkish attack on the Kurds in Syria. How worried should we be about the 2020 census? Oct 18, 2018 2:00 pm1536 views An accurate census is essential for public and private planning, but the 2020 effort is underfunded and behind schedule, an Illinois expert says. Latino baseball documentary ‘Playing America’s Game’ to premiere May 21 on BTN May 11, 2016 11:45 am1534 views The history of Latinos in baseball is the subject of a new documentary, “Playing America’s Game,” which premieres Saturday, May 21, on the Big Ten Network. A production of BTN and the University of Illinois, the film profiles U. of I. history professor Adrian Burgos Jr., a leading expert on Latino baseball history. What happened at Stonewall 50 years ago? And why did it matter? Jun 11, 2019 10:30 am1523 views An Illinois historian describes how everything changed for those involved in the Stonewall riots 50 years ago, and the event’s place in the history of gay rights. Study: Girls more likely than boys to struggle with social, behavioral, academic needs Apr 23, 2018 12:30 pm1516 views The more failing grades students have during eighth grade, the more likely they are to experience social-emotional learning problems, academic difficulties and behavioral problems as high school freshmen, a new study found. Is the tide of sexual misconduct allegations shifting the balance of power? Mar 2, 2018 10:30 am1499 views News reports, social media campaigns such as #MeToo are raising awareness of sexual misconduct and helping survivors find their voices, says educational psychologist Anita Hund Doctors played a role in ideas about racial differences Feb 6, 2018 9:45 am1480 views Physicians played a key role in defining racial differences in the age of slavery, planting ideas that have carried to the present day, says a U. of I. historian in a new book. Paper: Even after debunking, misinformation and ‘fake news’ persist Sep 20, 2017 8:45 am1480 views Even in the face of evidence to the contrary, the effects of misinformation persist and can’t be wholly erased, says a new paper co-written by U. of I. psychology professor Dolores Albarracin. Year-round distribution of Earned Income Tax Credit has significant benefits, says study Jan 7, 2016 9:45 am1477 views The Earned Income Tax Credit aids millions of Americans each year, lifting many out of poverty – but spacing it out in multiple payments could significantly reduce recipients’ dependence on payday loans and borrowing from friends and family, along with other benefits, suggests a recent University of Illinois study of a pilot program in Chicago. Staring at yourself during virtual chats may worsen your mood, research finds Jun 13, 2022 1:00 pm1466 views A new study finds that the more a person stares at themself while talking with a partner in an online chat, the more their mood degrades over the course of the conversation. Alcohol use appears to worsen the problem, the researchers found. Reported in the journal Clinical Psychological Science, the findings point to a potentially problematic role of online meeting platforms in exacerbating psychological problems like anxiety and depression, the researchers said. Graphic images may not scare smokers off cigarettes, says study Feb 22, 2016 10:00 am1465 views Images of disease and suffering should move smokers to kick the habit – at least, that’s the thinking behind graphic warning labels used on cigarette packages in much of the world, and maybe someday in the U.S. According to a University of Illinois study, however, those graphic images may not be effective with many people who perceive them as a threat to their freedom, choice or autonomy. Youths with diverse gender identities bullied up to three times more often than peers, study finds May 12, 2021 9:15 am1453 views Transgender youths are victimized as much as three times more often than students who identify as male or female, according to a study led by University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign social work professor Rachel Garthe. Projects explore role of social-emotional learning in healing racial wounds Jan 5, 2021 2:30 pm1452 views U. of I. scholars are coordinating online parenting seminars and activities for students and staff members at two Illinois school systems that will explore the role of social and emotional learning in healing racial wounds. New book contends that local newspapers bear brunt of news media's increasing elitism Jul 6, 2021 11:15 am1448 views A new book by University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign journalism professor Nikki Usher examines the market failure of local newspapers in the context of larger U.S. problems such as rising social inequality, geographic polarization and political discord. In “News for the Rich, White, and Blue: How Place and Power Distort American Journalism,” Usher posits that newspapers are becoming more focused on serving wealthy, white and politically liberal news consumers. Scientists look beyond the individual brain to study the collective mind Oct 21, 2021 11:30 am1445 views In a new paper, scientists suggest that efforts to understand human cognition should expand beyond the study of individual brains. They call on neuroscientists to incorporate evidence from social science disciplines to better understand how people think. Study: Holocaust Museum motivates visitors to create social change Aug 15, 2022 9:45 am1442 views New research suggests that exploring one of the darkest chapters in mankind’s history – the Holocaust – may inspire tourists to act on human rights and social change. Pro sports stadiums don't bolster local economies, scholars say Nov 17, 2004 9:00 am1434 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - If you build it, they will come ... with wallets bulging, eager to exchange greenbacks for peanuts, popcorn, hot dogs and beer, and T-shirts and ball caps with team logos. Gettysburg at 150 (Vicksburg, too): Neither a turning point in the Civil War Jun 25, 2013 9:00 am1427 views A Minute With™... Civil War historian Bruce Levine Negative public images hamper child welfare investigators Mar 14, 2013 9:00 am1424 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Even parents who have had no contact with child welfare agencies believe negative stereotypes about social workers and the likely outcomes of abuse or neglect investigations, misconceptions that complicate agencies' efforts to engage parents in interventions. COVID-19 cases, deaths in U.S. increase with higher income inequality Jan 25, 2021 9:45 am1420 views U.S. counties with higher income inequality faced higher rates of COVID-19 cases and deaths in the earlier months of the pandemic, according to a new study led by University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign sociology professor Tim Liao. Counties with higher proportions of Black or Hispanic residents also had higher rates, the study found, reinforcing earlier research showing the disparate effects of the virus on those communities. Projects offer COVID-19 testing, explore virus transmission's social factors Dec 2, 2020 9:45 am1419 views U. of I. researchers, local clinicians and volunteers are providing pop-up COVID-19 testing clinics in Rantoul, Illinois, to essential workers and other high-risk residents, and are exploring the behavioral factors behind infection clusters. Young people's feeling of invulnerability has drawbacks - and benefits Aug 6, 2012 9:00 am1418 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - A sense of invulnerability isn't a hallmark of youth as many adults may believe nor is it necessarily detrimental, a new study suggests. However, feeling immune to the problems and threats that affect others can be a blessing or a curse, depending on whether people believe they're exempt from psychological risks or physical harm. Rediscovered journal brings unique perspective on Atlantic slave trade Feb 24, 2021 11:00 am1413 views The trade that brought enslaved Africans to the New World was not just a story of slave ship captains and their human cargo. Many others were part of the machinery, among them a young German barber-surgeon who kept a journal. University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign history professor Craig Koslofsky and co-author Roberto Zaugg of the University of Zurich translated his account and put it in context. Dual-earner families, gender roles, and the economic recession Nov 8, 2010 9:00 am1412 views A Minute With™... Amit Kramer, a professor of labor and employment relations Study: Families spend half of their evening meal distracted by technology, tasks Apr 1, 2019 8:45 am1404 views When families gather for dinner at night, they spend nearly half of their time distracted by electronic devices, toys and tasks that take them physically or mentally away from the table, a new study at the University of Illinois found. Illinois social work professor named Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Health Policy Fellow Jul 29, 2019 8:30 am1403 views Liliane Windsor, a professor of social work at the University of Illinois, has been named a Health Policy Fellow by the National Academy of Medicine and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Online racial discrimination linked to depression, anxiety in teens Jan 8, 2009 9:00 am1398 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - In the early days of the Internet, some scholars once predicted a lessening of racism and race-based discrimination in online interactions thanks to the anonymity and race-neutral nature of the medium. But according to a new study published by a University of Illinois professor who studies race and the Internet, adolescents are increasingly experiencing both individual and vicarious discrimination online, which in turn triggers stress, depression and anxiety. U. of I. professor on White House team working to improve access to federal programs Nov 9, 2015 12:30 pm1382 views Jake Bowers, a University of Illinois political science professor, has been appointed to a White House team that’s applying insights from social and behavioral science to improve access to federal programs. Bowers began his stint with President Obama’s year-old Social and Behavioral Sciences Team (SBST) last month.