blog postsBrain activity reflects differences in types of anxietyMay 29, 2007 9:00 am5566 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - All anxiety is not created equal, and a research team at the University of Illinois now has the data to prove it. The team has found the most compelling evidence yet of differing patterns of brain activity associated with each of two types of anxiety: anxious apprehension (verbal rumination, worry) and anxious arousal (intense fear, panic, or both).Shape of tumor may affect whether cells can metastasizeApr 27, 2016 10:45 am5554 views Only a few cells in a cancerous tumor are able to break away and spread to other parts of the body, but the curve along the edge of the tumor may play a large role in activating these tumor-seeding cells, according to a new University of Illinois study.Cancer drug starts clinical trials in human brain-cancer patientsNov 27, 2017 8:30 am5526 views A drug that spurs cancer cells to self-destruct has been cleared for use in a clinical trial of patients with anaplastic astrocytoma, a rare malignant brain tumor, and glioblastoma multiforme, an aggressive late-stage cancer of the brain. This phase Ib trial will determine if the experimental drug PAC-1 can be used safely in combination with a standard brain-cancer chemotherapy drug, temozolomide.Cocoa flavanols boost brain oxygenation, cognition in healthy adultsNov 24, 2020 4:00 am5475 views The brains of healthy adults recovered faster from a mild vascular challenge and performed better on complex tests if the participants consumed cocoa flavanols beforehand, researchers report.Corn better used as food than biofuel, study findsJun 20, 2017 9:00 am5457 views Corn is grown not only for food, it is also an important renewable energy source. Renewable biofuels can come with hidden economic and environmental issues, and the question of whether corn is better utilized as food or as a biofuel has persisted since ethanol came into use. For the first time, researchers at the University of Illinois have quantified and compared these issues in terms of economics of the entire production system to determine if the benefits of biofuel corn outweigh the costs.Carle Illinois College of Medicine announces inaugural facultyMay 3, 2017 9:15 am5456 views The Carle Illinois College of Medicine has announced nearly 100 inaugural faculty members.Hittite class offers glimpse of Bronze Age language, technologyDec 9, 2019 9:00 am5450 views Illinois students in a Hittite class learn to write the ancient language in clay using cuneiform symbols.New CRISPR technique skips over portions of genes that can cause diseaseAug 16, 2018 11:30 am5415 views In a new study in cells, University of Illinois researchers have adapted CRISPR gene-editing technology to cause the cell’s internal machinery to skip over a small portion of a gene when transcribing it into a template for protein building. This gives researchers a way not only to eliminate a mutated gene sequence, but to influence how the gene is expressed and regulated. Such targeted editing could one day be useful for treating genetic diseases caused by mutations in the genome, such as Duchenne’s muscular dystrophy, Huntington’s disease or some cancers.Nutrition has benefits for brain network organization, new research findsSep 7, 2017 8:00 am5395 views A new study found that monounsaturated fatty acids are linked to general intelligence and the organization of the brain’s attention network.Researchers build microscopic biohybrid robots propelled by muscles, nervesSep 16, 2019 2:00 pm5389 views Researchers have developed soft robotic devices driven by neuromuscular tissue that triggers when stimulated by light – bringing mechanical engineering one step closer to developing autonomous biobots.Cahokia's rise parallels onset of corn agricultureMay 14, 2020 8:15 am5363 views Corn cultivation spread from Mesoamerica to what is now the American Southwest by about 4000 B.C., but how and when the crop made it to other parts of North America is still a subject of debate. In a new study, scientists report that corn was not grown in the ancient metropolis of Cahokia until sometime between A.D. 900 and 1000, a relatively late date that corresponds to the start of the city’s rapid expansion.No ‘narcissism epidemic’ among college students, study findsOct 9, 2017 8:30 am5354 views Today’s college students are slightly less narcissistic than their counterparts were in the 1990s, researchers report in a new study – not significantly more, as some have proposed. The study, reported in the journal Psychological Science, analyzed data from 1,166 students at the University of California, Berkeley in the 1990s, and from tens of thousands of students at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and the University of California, Davis in the 2000s and 2010s. All of the students completed the Narcissism Personal Inventory, the oldest and most widely used measure of narcissism.Scientists tweak photosynthesis to boost crop yieldNov 17, 2016 1:00 pm5352 views Researchers report that they can increase plant productivity by boosting levels of three proteins involved in photosynthesis. This confirms a hypothesis some in the scientific community once doubted was possible.Scott R. White, pioneer of self-healing materials, has diedMay 31, 2018 10:45 am5350 views University of Illinois aerospace engineering professor Scott R. White, an innovator of self-healing and self-regulating materials, died Monday of cancer at age 55.How has Twitter changed news coverage?Oct 22, 2015 11:30 am5271 views A Minute With...™ Alecia Swasy, professor of business journalismResearch: Poor math skills affect legal decision-makingApr 3, 2013 9:00 am5267 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - The stereotype of lawyers being bad with numbers may persist, but new research by two University of Illinois legal scholars suggests that law students are surprisingly good at math, although those with low levels of numeracy analyze some legal questions differently.First-semester GPA a better predictor of college success than ACT scoreFeb 2, 2016 12:00 pm5221 views Underrepresented students’ first-semester GPA may be a better predictor of whether they’ll graduate college than their ACT score or their family’s socioeconomic status, a new study found.Physical activity may strengthen children's ability to pay attentionMar 31, 2009 9:00 am5208 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - As school districts across the nation revamped curricula to meet requirements of the federal "No Child Left Behind" Act, opportunities for children to be physically active during the school day diminished significantly.New compounds block master regulator of cancer growth, metastasisJan 7, 2020 8:00 am5185 views Scientists have developed new drug compounds that thwart the pro-cancer activity of FOXM1, a transcription factor that regulates the activity of dozens of genes. The new compounds suppress tumor growth in human cells and in mouse models of several types of human breast cancer.Smart skin: Electronics that stick and stretch like a temporary tattooAug 11, 2011 9:00 am5159 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Engineers have developed a device platform that combines electronic components for sensing, medical diagnostics, communications and human-machine interfaces, all on an ultrathin skin-like patch that mounts directly onto the skin with the ease, flexibility and comfort of a temporary tattoo.Five Illinois faculty awarded NEH FellowshipsDec 15, 2015 1:00 pm5126 views Five University of Illinois faculty members have been awarded National Endowment for the Humanities Fellowships for 2016 – the second year in a row that the Urbana campus has garnered more of these awards than any single institution.Disposable surgical masks best for being heard clearly when speaking, study findsDec 23, 2020 8:00 am5106 views Researcher Ryan Corey recently heard from a friend who teaches at a school where some of the students have hearing loss. The friend wanted to know if he had any ideas to help her communicate with these students while wearing a mask to slow the spread of COVID-19. Corey, who also has hearing loss, did not know what to tell her. So, he headed to the Illinois Augmented Listening Laboratory to look for solutions.Study: Omega-3 fatty acids fight inflammation via cannabinoidsJul 18, 2017 10:00 am5092 views Chemical compounds called cannabinoids are found in marijuana and also are produced naturally in the body from omega-3 fatty acids. A well-known cannabinoid in marijuana, THC, is responsible for some of its euphoric effects, but it also has anti-inflammatory benefits. A new study in animal tissue reveals the cascade of chemical reactions that convert omega-3 fatty acids into cannabinoids that have anti-inflammatory benefits – but without the psychotropic high. Mantis shrimp-inspired camera enables glimpse into hidden worldOct 12, 2017 3:15 pm5074 views By mimicking the eye of the mantis shrimp, Illinois researchers have developed an ultra-sensitive camera capable of sensing both color and polarization. The bioinspired imager can potentially improve early cancer detection and help provide a new understanding of underwater phenomena, the researchers said.Nick Holonyak Jr., pioneer of LED lighting, awarded Queen Elizabeth PrizeFeb 2, 2021 8:00 am5052 views Nick Holonyak Jr., a renowned innovator of illumination, has been awarded the 2021 Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering “for the creation and development of LED lighting, which forms the basis of all solid-state lighting technology.” Holonyak (pronounced huh-LON-yak) is credited with the development of the first practical visible-spectrum LED, now commonly used in light bulbs, device displays and lasers worldwide.Telling stories and touching historyFeb 6, 2018 8:30 am5043 views I slowly turn each page of Florence Lee’s large paper scrapbook, making sure not to wrinkle any of the items she placed inside. Its contents offer a snapshot of student life in the early 20th century at the University of Illinois: a laminated orange and blue button from a homecoming football game, a brochure from the Anti-Cigarette League of America, ribbons and tickets from Dad’s Day events and dozens of photographs of scenes around campus, including personal photographs of Florence Lee with her family and friends. All of these items were either glued or, in the case of some of the flat paper items, had their corners tucked into angled slots cut into the pages. The items that Florence Lee placed in this scrapbook come from her undergraduate years at the University of Illinois – 1917-20. This memento offers a window into that time.3-D cow app will help veterinary students learn anatomyNov 3, 2015 9:30 am5035 views Point your phone or tablet at the poster with a cow image and a small 3-D cow appears before you – Desktop Bessie, with her skeleton, circulatory, digestive and nervous systems, and various organs visible as you move around her. If you’re a veterinary student, the augmented reality cow is a great way to learn a cow’s anatomy.What are the guiding principles of 'environmental sustainability'?Apr 14, 2008 9:00 am5024 views A Minute With™... William C. Sullivan, a professor of landscape architectureRare Book and Manuscript Library exhibit to feature typewriters used by Hefner, Ebert, SandburgJun 12, 2019 9:00 am4965 views A Rare Book and Manuscript Library exhibit will showcase typewriters used by Hugh Hefner, Roger Ebert, Carl Sandburg and James Jones.3-D printed sugar scaffolds offer sweet solution for tissue engineering, device manufacturingMay 23, 2018 2:00 pm4946 views University of Illinois engineers built a 3-D printer that offers a sweet solution to making detailed structures that commercial 3-D printers can’t: Rather than a layer-upon-layer solid shell, it produces a delicate network of thin ribbons of hardened isomalt, the type of sugar alcohol used to make throat lozenges. The water-soluble, biodegradable glassy sugar structures have multiple applications in biomedical engineering, cancer research and device manufacturing.Five Illinois researchers rank among world’s most influentialNov 17, 2017 8:00 am4929 views Five faculty members have been named to the 2017 Clarivate Analytics Highly Cited Researchers list (previously known as the Thomson Reuters Highly Cited Researchers list). The list recognizes “leading researchers in the sciences and social sciences from around the world."Theory: Flexibility is at the heart of human intelligenceNov 20, 2017 8:30 am4928 views Centuries of study have yielded many theories about how the brain gives rise to human intelligence. A new theory makes the case that the brain’s dynamic properties – how it is wired but also how that wiring shifts in response to changing intellectual demands – are the best predictors of intelligence in the human brain.Study tallies extra calories Americans consume in their coffee, teaJan 30, 2017 9:15 am4921 views A new analysis reveals just how much Americans are adding to their caloric intake by spicing up or sweetening their coffee or tea.Six Illinois faculty members elected AAAS FellowsNov 25, 2020 4:30 pm4916 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — Six professors at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign have been elected 2020 Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Evolution, ecology and behavior professor Alison Bell; plant biology professor Carl Bernacchi; bioengineering professor Rohit Bhargava; materials science and engineering professor Paul Braun; chemistry professor Prashant Jain; and materials science and engineering professor Nancy Sottos are among the 489 scientists to be awarded the distinction of AAAS Fellow this year.Prescribing oral opioids for dogs likely doesn’t help them, veterinary experts sayOct 14, 2019 7:45 am4915 views Sending ailing dogs home with oral opioids may not be an effective way to manage their pain, experts report in a free, online continuing education program recently developed for veterinarians. In light of growing evidence that such drugs don’t work well in dogs – added to the fact that humans sometimes abuse opioids prescribed for pets – the common practice of prescribing oral opioids for dogs in pain should be reexamined, the experts say. Anticipating the need among opioid prescribers for additional training to meet regulatory mandates, these experts created an online continuing education program that addresses the problem. The training includes cautions about unwarranted prescription of oral opioids and advice on effective pain management for veterinary patients. Carle Illinois College of Medicine receives preliminary accreditationOct 16, 2017 12:00 am4834 views The Carle Illinois College of Medicine, the first engineering-based medical school, has received preliminary acreditation from the Liaison Committee on Medical Education and is recruiting students for its first class. Marching Illini preparing for Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade performanceOct 1, 2015 12:15 pm4820 views When the Marching Illini perform in the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade, they’ll march and play for 2 1/2 miles, in front of 3 million people lining the parade route.Exploding stars may have caused mass extinction on Earth, study showsAug 18, 2020 12:00 pm4818 views Imagine reading by the light of an exploded star, brighter than a full moon – it might be fun to think about, but this scene is the prelude to a disaster when the radiation devastates life as we know it. Killer cosmic rays from nearby supernovae could be the culprit behind at least one mass extinction event, researchers said, and finding certain radioactive isotopes in Earth’s rock record could confirm this scenario.Paper examines links between parents’ earnings, gender roles, mental healthAug 11, 2017 9:00 am4754 views New research out of the University of Illinois suggests that some mothers’ and fathers’ psychological well-being may suffer when their work and family identities – and the amount of financial support they provide – conflict with conventional gender roles.Report: Milkweed losses may not fully explain monarch butterfly declinesMar 13, 2017 4:15 pm4711 views Monarch butterfly declines cannot be attributed merely to declines in milkweed abundance, researchers report.Agricultural fungicide attracts honey bees, study findsJan 8, 2018 9:30 am4709 views When given the choice, honey bee foragers prefer to collect sugar syrup laced with the fungicide chlorothalonil over sugar syrup alone, researchers report in the journal Scientific Reports.Microplastic contamination found in common source of groundwater, researchers reportJan 25, 2019 6:30 am4706 views Microplastics contaminate the world's surface waters, yet scientists have only just begun to explore their presence in groundwater systems. A new study is the first to report microplastics in fractured limestone aquifers – a groundwater source that accounts for 25 percent of the global drinking water supply.Ancient bones, teeth, tell story of strife at CahokiaAug 4, 2016 10:45 am4673 views Dozens of people buried in mass graves in an ancient mound in Cahokia, a pre-Columbian city in Illinois near present-day St. Louis, likely lived in or near Cahokia most of their lives, researchers report in the American Journal of Physical Anthropology. Police Training Institute challenges police recruits' racial biasesAug 1, 2016 9:15 am4611 views In early 2014, months before the police shooting of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri, and shortly after the Black Lives Matter movement got its start, Michael Schlosser, the director of the Police Training Institute at the University of Illinois, began offering police recruits classes that challenged their views about race and racism, introduced them to critical race theory and instructed them in methods to de-escalate potentially volatile encounters with members of minority groups.'Revealing Greater Cahokia' details research on ancient North American metropolisJan 22, 2019 8:15 am4582 views With a population between 10,000 and 30,000 in its heyday (A.D. 1050-1200) and a sprawling assortment of homes, storage buildings, temples, cemeteries, mounds and other monuments in and around what is now St. Louis and East St. Louis, Illinois, the ancient Native American city known as Greater Cahokia was the first experiment in urban living in North America. A new book, “Revealing Greater Cahokia, North America’s First Native City,” offers the most complete picture yet of a decade of archaeological research on a little-known part of the larger city and its precincts in East St. Louis.The back story of the NY Times attorney and U of I grad whose letter went viralOct 19, 2016 2:45 pm4570 views A U. of I. journalism alumnus who is now the newsroom attorney for The New York Times got some unexpected online attention last week. The focus of that attention was his response to an open letter from Donald Trump’s attorney, demanding the paper retract and apologize for a story. McCraw’s brief letter to the attorney, published on the Times site, went viral on social media and shot to the top of the paper's most-read content. In an interview, he talks about the letter, his job and what he learned at Illinois.How does parents' methamphetamine use affect their children?Aug 7, 2006 9:00 am4567 views A Minute With™... Wendy Haight, a professor of social workEight Illinois faculty members elected AAAS FellowsNov 26, 2019 10:00 am4533 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — Eight professors at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have been elected 2019 Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.Electronic health record system increases clinicians' cognitive workload, study findsMar 22, 2021 10:15 am4492 views Adopting a new electronic health records system doubled the amount of cognitive effort clinicians at two urgent care clinics expended during the first six months after implementation, researchers found in a recent study.Ag robot speeds data collection, analyses of crops as they growMar 12, 2018 8:45 am4429 views A new lightweight, low-cost agricultural robot, developed by a team of scientists at the University of Illinois, could transform data collection and field scouting for agronomists, seed companies and farmers.