blog posts Study maps landmarks of peripheral artery disease to guide treatment development Mar 2, 2020 8:30 am1248 views Novel biomedical advances that show promise in the lab often fall short in clinical trials. For researchers studying peripheral artery disease, this is made more difficult by a lack of standardized metrics for what recovery looks like. A new study from University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign researchers identifies major landmarks of PAD recovery, creating signposts for researchers seeking to understand the disease and develop treatments. Study looking at lighter, cooler equipment to reduce firefighter injuries, deaths Oct 26, 2007 9:00 am96 views Firefighters battling wildfires like those devastating Southern California, or even a smaller structural fire, have to endure temperatures in the hundreds of degrees. A study at the Illinois Fire Service Institute on the U. of I.'s Urbana campus is examining an enhanced version of personal protective equipment that is lighter, less restrictive and uses a firefighter's exhaled breath to cool the body and help combat heat stress, which researchers believe contributes to many of the on-the-job deaths and injuries firefighters suffer each year. Study: Human wastewater valuable to global agriculture, economics Aug 15, 2018 12:45 pm1850 views It may seem off-putting to some, but human waste is full of nutrients that can be recycled into valuable products that could promote agricultural sustainability and better economic independence for some developing countries. Study: Higher mass transit use associated with lower obesity rates May 16, 2017 10:30 am3181 views Healthy mass transit systems could contribute to healthier communities, according to a new study by University of Illinois researchers that determined higher mass transit use was correlated with lower obesity rates in counties across the United States. Study: Groundwater from aquifers important factor in food security Jun 29, 2015 2:00 pm463 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — Thirsty cities, fields and livestock drink deeply from aquifers, natural sources of groundwater. But a study of three of the most-tapped aquifers in the United States shows that overdrawing from these resources could lead to difficult choices affecting not only domestic food security but also international markets. Study finds emissions from widely used cookstoves vary with use May 29, 2012 9:00 am49 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - The smoke rising from a cookstove fills the air with the tantalizing aroma of dinner - and a cloud of pollutants and particles that threaten both health and the environment. How families in developing countries use their cookstoves has a big effect on emissions from those stoves, and laboratory emission tests don't accurately reflect real-world operations, according to a study by University of Illinois researchers. Study estimates land available for biofuel crops Jan 10, 2011 9:00 am228 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Using detailed land analysis, Illinois researchers have found that biofuel crops cultivated on available land could produce up to half of the world's current fuel consumption - without affecting food crops or pastureland. Study: Cell-phone bans while driving have more impact in dense, urban areas Feb 8, 2010 9:00 am327 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - A new study analyzing the impact of hand-held cell phone legislation on driving safety concludes that usage-ban laws had more of an impact in densely populated urban areas with a higher number of licensed drivers than in rural areas where there are fewer licensed drivers, according to a University of Illinois researcher. Study: Biomarkers as predictive of sepsis as lengthy patient monitoring Sep 7, 2017 8:15 am2980 views One measurement of key biomarkers in blood that characterize sepsis can give physicians as much information as hours of monitoring symptoms, a new study found. Students use TikTok to learn about biomechanics during engineering virtual summer camps Aug 13, 2020 11:30 am1277 views Teens attending the virtual summer camps hosted by the College of Engineering used the video-sharing medium TikTok to learn the principles of biomechanics and the techniques of motion-capture analysis. Structural, regulatory and human error were factors in Washington highway bridge collapse Aug 24, 2016 9:00 am2832 views When an important bridge collapsed on Interstate 5 near Mount Vernon, Washington, in 2013, questions were raised about how such a catastrophic failure could occur. A new analysis by a team of civil engineering faculty at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign outlines the many factors that led to the collapse, as well as steps that transportation departments can take to prevent such accidents on other bridges of similar design. Stretchable balloon electronics get to the heart of cardiac medicine Mar 7, 2011 9:00 am672 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Cardiologists may soon be able to place sensitive electronics inside their patients' hearts with minimal invasiveness, enabling more sophisticated and efficient diagnosis and treatment of arrhythmias. Stemlike cells at tumor perimeter promote new blood vessels to feed tumor growth Oct 25, 2017 1:00 pm820 views Stemlike cells at the edge of melanoma tumors secrete factors to promote blood-vessel growth, allowing the cancer to grow and spread. Stem cells from muscle could address diabetes-related circulation problems Nov 6, 2017 10:45 am1961 views Stem cells taken from muscle tissue could promote better blood flow in patients with diabetes who develop peripheral artery disease, a painful complication that can require surgery or lead to amputation. Spinal cord gives bio-bots walking rhythm Apr 28, 2020 10:00 am802 views Miniature biological robots are making greater strides than ever, thanks to the spinal cord directing their steps. Spillways can divert sand from river to rebuild wetlands Jul 24, 2012 9:00 am109 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Researchers could have a new method to rebuild wetlands of the Louisiana delta, thanks to a chance finding while monitoring severe flooding of the Mississippi River. Sottos elected to National Academy of Engineering Feb 7, 2020 1:00 pm2768 views Nancy Sottos, an engineering professor at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, has been elected to the National Academy of Engineering. She is one of 87 new members and 18 international members announced by the Academy on Feb. 6. Solid-state batteries line up for better performance May 20, 2021 10:00 am3254 views Solid-state batteries pack a lot of energy into a small space, but their electrodes are not good at keeping in touch with their electrolytes. Liquid electrolytes reach every nook and cranny of an electrode to spark energy, but liquids take up space without storing energy and fail over time. Researchers are now putting solid electrolytes in touch with electrodes made of strategically arranged materials – at the atomic level – and the results are helping drive better solid-state battery technologies. Software teaches computers to translate words to math Jan 20, 2015 9:00 am322 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - If Johnny has five apples and seven oranges, and he wants to share them with three of his friends, can a computer understand the text to figure out how many pieces of fruit each person gets? Smart skin: Electronics that stick and stretch like a temporary tattoo Aug 11, 2011 9:00 am5393 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Engineers have developed a device platform that combines electronic components for sensing, medical diagnostics, communications and human-machine interfaces, all on an ultrathin skin-like patch that mounts directly onto the skin with the ease, flexibility and comfort of a temporary tattoo. Smart antioxidant-containing polymer responds to body chemistry, environment Apr 16, 2019 1:00 pm868 views Oxidants found within living organisms are byproducts of metabolism and are essential to wound-healing and immunity. However, when their concentrations become too high, inflammation and tissue damage can occur. University of Illinois engineers have developed and tested a new drug-delivery system that senses high oxidant levels and responds by administering just the right amount of antioxidant to restore this delicate balance. Small in size, big on power: New microbatteries a boost for electronics Apr 16, 2013 9:00 am10798 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Though they be but little, they are fierce. The most powerful batteries on the planet are only a few millimeters in size, yet they pack such a punch that a driver could use a cellphone powered by these batteries to jump-start a dead car battery - and then recharge the phone in the blink of an eye. Six professors at Illinois named 2012 AAAS fellows Nov 29, 2012 9:00 am116 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Six faculty members at the University of Illinois have been named 2012 fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science: animal biology professor Chi-Hing Christina Cheng, electrical and computer engineering professor Kent Choquette, psychology professor Neal Cohen, chemistry professor So Hirata, anthropology professor Lisa Lucero and physics professor Philip Phillips. Six Illinois faculty members elected AAAS Fellows Nov 25, 2020 4:30 pm5022 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — Six professors at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign have been elected 2020 Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Evolution, ecology and behavior professor Alison Bell; plant biology professor Carl Bernacchi; bioengineering professor Rohit Bhargava; materials science and engineering professor Paul Braun; chemistry professor Prashant Jain; and materials science and engineering professor Nancy Sottos are among the 489 scientists to be awarded the distinction of AAAS Fellow this year. Single-molecule detection of cancer markers brings liquid biopsy closer to clinic Dec 18, 2019 11:00 am1272 views A fast, inexpensive yet sensitive technique to detect cancer markers is bringing researchers closer to a “liquid biopsy” – a test using a small sample of blood or serum to detect cancer, rather than the invasive tissue sampling routinely used for diagnosis. Researchers at the University of Illinois developed a method to capture and count cancer-associated microRNAs, or tiny bits of messenger molecules that are exuded from cells and can be detected in blood or serum, with single-molecule resolution. Silver pen has the write stuff for flexible electronics Jun 28, 2011 9:00 am902 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - The pen may have bested the sword long ago, but now it's challenging wires and soldering irons. Shrinky Dinks close the gap for nanowires Jul 1, 2014 9:00 am323 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - How do you put a puzzle together when the pieces are too tiny to pick up? Shrink the distance between them. Shrimp-inspired camera may enable underwater navigation Apr 4, 2018 1:00 pm1856 views The underwater environment may appear to the human eye as a dull-blue, featureless space. However, a vast landscape of polarization patterns appear when viewed through a camera that is designed to see the world through the eyes of many of the animals that inhabit the water. Short-term climate modeling forecasts drought for Southeast US Feb 25, 2021 7:45 am1377 views Many climate models focus on scenarios decades into the future, making their outcomes seem unreliable and problematic for decision-making in the immediate future. In a proactive move, researchers are using short-term forecasts to stress the urgency of drought risk in the United States and inform policymakers’ actions now. Shape-shifting organic crystals use memory to improve plastic electronics Jan 25, 2018 9:45 am2363 views Researchers have identified a mechanism that triggers shape-memory phenomena in organic crystals used in plastic electronics. Shape-shifting structural materials are made with metal alloys, but the new generation of economical printable plastic electronics is poised to benefit from this phenomenon, too. Shape-memory materials science and plastic electronics technology, when merged, could open the door to advancements in low-power electronics, medical electronics devices and multifunctional shape-memory materials. Shape-shifting agent targets harmful bacteria in the stomach Nov 13, 2017 2:00 pm1466 views A new shape-shifting polymer can target and kill Helicobacter pylori bacteria in the stomach without killing helpful bacteria in the gut. Shape of tumor may affect whether cells can metastasize Apr 27, 2016 10:45 am6137 views Only a few cells in a cancerous tumor are able to break away and spread to other parts of the body, but the curve along the edge of the tumor may play a large role in activating these tumor-seeding cells, according to a new University of Illinois study. Self-healing tech charges up performance for silicon-containing battery anodes May 15, 2017 8:30 am1651 views Researchers at the University of Illinois have found a way to apply self-healing technology to lithium-ion batteries to make them more reliable and last longer. Self-healing electronics could work longer and reduce waste Dec 20, 2011 9:00 am1407 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - When one tiny circuit within an integrated chip cracks or fails, the whole chip - or even the whole device - is a loss. But what if it could fix itself, and fix itself so fast that the user never knew there was a problem? Self-cooling observed in graphene electronics Apr 4, 2011 9:00 am372 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - With the first observation of thermoelectric effects at graphene contacts, University of Illinois researchers found that graphene transistors have a nanoscale cooling effect that reduces their temperature. Self-assembling structures open door to new class of materials Jan 13, 2011 9:00 am64 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Researchers at the University of Illinois and Northwestern University have demonstrated bio-inspired structures that self-assemble from simple building blocks: spheres. Seatbelt laws encourage obese drivers to buckle up Sep 2, 2014 9:00 am175 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Obesity is associated with many health risks, including heart disease and diabetes, but University of Illinois researchers have found a possible way to mitigate one often-overlooked risk: not buckling up in the car. Search for new semiconductors heats up with gallium oxide Jul 22, 2019 10:30 am1168 views University of Illinois electrical engineers have cleared another hurdle in high-power semiconductor fabrication by adding the field’s hottest material – beta-gallium oxide – to their arsenal. Beta-gallium oxide is readily available and promises to convert power faster and more efficiently than today’s leading semiconductor materials – gallium nitride and silicon, the researchers said. Scott R. White, pioneer of self-healing materials, has died May 31, 2018 10:45 am5577 views University of Illinois aerospace engineering professor Scott R. White, an innovator of self-healing and self-regulating materials, died Monday of cancer at age 55. Scientists prove graphene's edge structure affects electronic properties Feb 16, 2009 9:00 am57 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Graphene, a single-atom-thick sheet of carbon, holds remarkable promise for future nanoelectronics applications. Whether graphene actually cuts it in industry, however, depends upon how graphene is cut, say researchers at the University of Illinois. Scientists develop gentle, microscopic hands to study tiny, soft materials Dec 23, 2019 9:45 am834 views Handling very soft, delicate items without damaging them is hard enough with human hands, let alone doing it at the microscopic scale with laboratory instruments. Three new studies show how scientists have honed a technique for handling tiny, soft particles using precisely controlled fluid flows that act as gentle microscopic hands. The technique allows researchers to test the physical limits of these soft particles and the things made from them – ranging from biological tissues to fabric softeners. Science at Illinois feeds the world, furthers health, protects the planet Apr 17, 2017 8:30 am1357 views Illinois scientists are helping power plants run more efficiently, designing better, longer-lasting batteries, finding new ways to target cancerous tumors, and developing robots that can aid in construction, in agricultural fields and even inside the human body. Rethinking Brownian motion with the emperor's new clothes Jul 27, 2009 9:00 am60 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - In the classic fairy tale, "The Emperor's New Clothes," Hans Christian Andersen uses the eyes of a child to challenge conventional wisdom and help others to see more clearly. In similar fashion, researchers at the University of Illinois have now revealed the naked truth about a classic bell-shaped curve used to describe the motion of a liquid as it diffuses through another material. Research: Graphene grows better on certain copper crystals Oct 27, 2011 9:00 am659 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - New observations could improve industrial production of high-quality graphene, hastening the era of graphene-based consumer electronics, thanks to University of Illinois engineers. Researchers use sound waves to advance optical communication Jan 22, 2018 10:00 am2616 views Illinois researchers have demonstrated that sound waves can be used to produce ultraminiature optical diodes that are tiny enough to fit onto a computer chip. These devices, called optical isolators, may help solve major data capacity and system size challenges for photonic integrated circuits, the light-based equivalent of electronic circuits, which are used for computing and communications. Researchers unveil how soft materials react to deformation at molecular level Jun 24, 2019 7:00 am1034 views Before designing the next generation of soft materials, researchers must first understand how they behave during rapidly changing deformation. In a new study, researchers challenged previous assumptions regarding polymer behavior with newly developed laboratory techniques that measure polymer flow at the molecular level. Researchers turn off backscattering, aim to improve optical data transmission Aug 12, 2019 8:15 am1341 views Engineers at the University of Illinois have found a way to redirect misfit light waves to reduce energy loss during optical data transmission. In a study, researchers exploited an interaction between light and sound waves to suppress the scattering of light from material defects – which could lead to improved fiber optic communication. Their findings are published in the journal Optica. Researchers strain to improve electrical material and it's worth it Feb 11, 2013 9:00 am96 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Like turning coal to diamond, adding pressure to an electrical material enhances its properties. Now, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign researchers have devised a method of making ferroelectric thin films with twice the strain, resulting in exceptional performance. Researchers put new spin on old technique to engineer better absorptive materials Nov 13, 2017 8:15 am785 views A team of University of Illinois bioengineers has taken a new look at an old tool to help characterize a class of materials called metal organic frameworks – MOFs for short. MOFs are used to detect, purify and store gases, and could help solve some of the worlds most challenging energy, environmental and pharmaceutical challenges – they can even pull water molecules straight from the air to provide relief from droughts. Researchers mimic nature for fast, colorful 3D printing Jun 10, 2020 1:00 pm1533 views Brilliantly colored chameleons, butterflies, opals – and now some 3D-printed materials – reflect color by using nanoscale structures called photonic crystals. A new study that demonstrates how a modified 3D-printing process provides a versatile approach to producing multiple colors from a single ink is published in the journal Science Advances.