blog posts At molecular scale, vibrational couplings define heat conduction Sep 23, 2004 9:00 am46 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Too much heat can destroy a sturdy automobile engine or a miniature microchip. As scientists and engineers strive to make ever-smaller nanoscale devices, from molecular motors and switches to single-molecule transistors, the control of heat is becoming a burning issue. Atoms in a nanocrystal cooperate, much like in biomolecules Dec 16, 2013 9:00 am193 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Researchers have long thought that biological molecules and synthetic nanocrystals were similar only in size. Now, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign chemists have found that they can add reactivity to the list of shared traits. Atoms in a nanocrystal can cooperate with each other to facilitate binding or switching, a phenomenon widely found in biological molecules. Bacterial hole puncher could be new broad-spectrum antibiotic Oct 27, 2015 11:00 am4344 views Bacteria have many methods of adapting to resist antibiotics, but a new class of spiral polypeptides developed at the University of Illinois targets one thing no bacterium can live without: an outer membrane. Banked blood grows stiffer with age, study finds Sep 5, 2014 9:00 am224 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - It may look like fresh blood and flow like fresh blood, but the longer blood is stored, the less it can carry oxygen into the tiny microcapillaries of the body, says a new study from University of Illinois researchers. Batteries charge very quickly and retain capacity, thanks to new structure Mar 21, 2011 9:00 am810 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - The batteries in Illinois professor Paul Braun's lab look like any others, but they pack a surprise inside. Battery technology could charge up water desalination Feb 1, 2016 11:15 am3356 views The technology that charges batteries for electronic devices could provide fresh water from salty seas, says a new study by University of Illinois engineers. Electricity running through a salt water-filled battery draws the salt ions out of the water. Baym wins Hans A. Bethe Prize from the American Physical Society Jan 11, 2002 9:00 am18 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. Gordon A. Baym, Center for Advanced Study Professor of Physics at the University of Illinois, has been selected as the 2002 recipient of the Hans A. Bethe Prize from the American Physical Society. Beneficial effects of no-till farming depend upon future climate change Oct 12, 2005 9:00 am316 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - By storing carbon in their fields through no-till farming practice, farmers can help countries meet targeted reductions in atmospheric carbon dioxide and reduce the harmful effects of global warming. Bill Hammack, U. of I. engineering professor, named Jefferson Science Fellow Mar 10, 2005 9:00 am35 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Bill Hammack, a professor of chemical and of biomolecular engineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, has been named a Jefferson Science Fellow by the U.S. Department of State. Bill Nye the Science Guy among attractions at Engineering Open House March 8, 9 Feb 7, 2002 9:00 am246 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. Wild and wacky Rube Goldberg machines, robots fighting for possession of a bowling ball, lively talks by Bill Nye the Science Guy, and more than 150 fun-filled exhibits are among the attractions awaiting visitors to the 82nd annual Engineering Open House at the University of Illinois. Biochar may boost carbon storage, but benefits to germination and growth appear scant Jun 19, 2019 8:15 am1580 views Biochar may not be the miracle soil additive that many farmers and researchers hoped it to be, according to a new University of Illinois study. Biochar may boost the agricultural yield of some soils – especially poor quality ones – but there is no consensus on its effectiveness. Researchers tested different soils’ responses to multiple biochar types and were unable to verify their ability to increase plant growth. However, the study did show biochar’s ability to affect soil greenhouse gas emissions. Bioenergy crops could store more carbon in soil Oct 2, 2014 9:00 am731 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - In addition to providing renewable energy, grass crops like switchgrass and miscanthus could store some of the carbon they pull from the atmosphere in the soil, according to a new study by University of Illinois researchers. Biologically inspired sensors can augment sonar, vision system in submarines Feb 21, 2007 9:00 am124 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - To find prey and avoid being preyed upon, fish rely on a row of specialized sensory organs along the sides of their bodies, called the lateral line. Now, a research team led by Chang Liu at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign has built an artificial lateral line that can provide the same functions in underwater vehicles. Biomedical breakthrough: Carbon nanoparticles you can make at home Jun 18, 2015 4:15 pm2237 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — Researchers have found an easy way to produce carbon nanoparticles that are small enough to evade the body’s immune system, reflect light in the near-infrared range for easy detection, and carry payloads of pharmaceutical drugs to targeted tissues. Biosphere is source, not sink, for carbon dioxide emissions, study shows Apr 25, 2005 9:00 am283 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Converting forests into croplands and pastures reduces carbon storage, say scientists who studied the impacts of human-induced change on terrestrial ecosystems. The study results have important implications for predicting carbon dioxide levels, and will help provide a more complete understanding of Earth's carbon cycle. Black carbon's huge contribution to global warming Jan 15, 2013 9:00 am67 views A Minute With™... Tami Bond, a professor of civil and environmental engineering Black hole size revealed by its eating pattern Aug 12, 2021 1:00 pm2230 views The feeding patterns of black holes offer insight into their size, researchers report. A new study revealed that the flickering in the brightness observed in actively feeding supermassive black holes is related to their mass. Book Corner: Emeritus professor chronicles his quest for a black swan Oct 3, 2013 9:00 am36 views The history of nuclear energy research from the height of the Cold War into space colonization of the future is detailed through one man's career in the new book "Life at the Center of the Energy Crisis: A Technologist's Search for a Black Swan," published by World Scientific. Book looks at how landscape design helps solve water issues Dec 20, 2019 1:15 pm1395 views Landscape design research can help solve environmental problems related to water systems. Boppart named one of the world's top young innovators by Technology Review May 23, 2002 9:00 am9 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. Stephen A. Boppart, a professor of electrical and computer engineering and of bioengineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, has been chosen as one of the world's 100 Top Young Innovators by Technology Review, the world's oldest technology magazine. Breaking the temperature barrier in small-scale materials testing Feb 25, 2020 8:00 am1084 views Researchers have demonstrated a new method for testing microscopic aeronautical materials at ultra-high temperatures. By combining electron microscopy and laser heating, scientists can evaluate these materials much more quickly and inexpensively than with traditional testing. BTN to premiere 'A Brilliant Idea: Nick Holonyak and the LED' July 28 Jul 18, 2011 9:00 am52 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Nick Holonyak Jr. is called the godfather of the light-emitting diode. His scientific career, spanning more than 50 years, has changed the world and is the subject of a program to premiere on the Big Ten Network July 28 at 7 a.m. (CDT). Bubbling up: Previously hidden environmental impact of bursting bubbles exposed in new study Nov 18, 2021 10:00 am2322 views Bubbles are common in nature and can form when ocean waves break and when raindrops impact surfaces. When bubbles burst, they send tiny jets of water and other materials into the air. A new study from the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign examines how the interplay between bubble surfaces and water that contains organic materials contributes to the transport of aerosolized organic materials – some of which are linked to the spread of disease or contamination – into the atmosphere. Campus ceremony will celebrate new stamp for physicist John Bardeen Feb 28, 2008 9:00 am59 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - A stamp commemorating the achievements of former University of Illinois faculty member and two-time Nobel Prize-winner John Bardeen will be unveiled at a ceremony on campus March 6 (Thursday). Can data analytics help you fill out a March Madness bracket? Mar 7, 2017 9:30 am2089 views Fill in your March Madness bracket from the center out, says bracketologist Sheldon H. Jacobson. Can 'fracking' and other human activities cause earthquakes? Apr 29, 2015 11:00 am437 views A Minute With...™ Robert Bauer, an engineering geologist with the Illinois State Geological Survey Can the FBI hack the iPhone? Feb 25, 2016 12:30 pm1461 views A Minute With...™ computer scientist Roy H. Campbell Can we talk about the Illinois climate? Dec 3, 2018 8:15 am669 views Jim Angel, the Illinois state climatologist, has announced that he will retire in December 2018 after 34 years at the Illinois State Water Survey. News Bureau physical sciences editor Lois Yoksoulian spoke with him about his career, climate change and the National Climate Assessment released on Black Friday. Can you analyze me now? Cell phones bring spectroscopy to the classroom Oct 7, 2010 9:00 am1372 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - University of Illinois chemistry professor Alexander Scheeline wants to see high school students using their cell phones in class. Not for texting or surfing the Web, but as an analytical chemistry instrument. Carbon-coated iron catalyst structure could lead to more-active fuel cells Sep 12, 2016 9:00 am644 views Researchers at the University of Illinois and collaborators have identified the active form of an iron-containing catalyst for the trickiest part of the process: reducing oxygen gas. The finding could help researchers refine better catalysts, making fuel cells a more energy- and cost-efficient option for powering vehicles and other applications. Carbon nanotube avalanche process nearly doubles current Feb 9, 2009 9:00 am73 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - By pushing carbon nanotubes close to their breaking point, researchers at the University of Illinois have demonstrated a remarkable increase in the current-carrying capacity of the nanotubes, well beyond what was previously thought possible. Carbon sequestration policy must balance private property, public good Oct 20, 2011 9:00 am20 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - The lack of a settled legal framework that balances private property rights while maximizing the public good ultimately hinders the large-scale commercial deployment of geologic carbon sequestration, according to published research by a University of Illinois expert in renewable energy law. Carbon-storage project combines innovation and outreach Feb 20, 2012 9:00 am294 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Geologists are hoping to learn a great deal about geologic carbon sequestration from injecting 1 million metric tons of carbon dioxide into sandstone 7,000 feet beneath Decatur, Ill. And they're hoping the public learns a lot from the endeavor, too. Carefully crafted light pulses control neuron activity Nov 17, 2017 9:45 am2277 views Specially tailored, ultrafast pulses of light can trigger neurons to fire and could one day help patients with light-sensitive circadian or mood problems, according to a new study in mice at the University of Illinois. CARMA groundbreaking set for March 27 Mar 25, 2004 9:00 am45 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Astronomers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign will be major participants in the construction and operation of a new millimeter-wave telescope array to be located in the high desert of California. Groundbreaking for the facility - called the Combined Array for Research in Millimeter-Wave Astronomy - is set for 2 p.m. on Saturday (March 27) at Cedar Flat in the Inyo Mountains near Bishop. Catalyst combining reactivity and selectivity could speed drug development Oct 12, 2015 4:15 pm1068 views Chemists have long believed that inserting nitrogen – a beneficial ingredient for making many pharmaceuticals and other biologically active molecules – into a carbon-hydrogen bond requires a trade-off between catalyst reactivity and selectivity. But a new manganese-based catalyst developed by University of Illinois chemists has given researchers both in one efficient, lower-cost package. Catalyst-free chemistry makes self-healing materials more practical Nov 27, 2007 9:00 am87 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - A new catalyst-free, self-healing material system developed by researchers at the University of Illinois offers a far less expensive and far more practical way to repair composite materials used in structural applications ranging from airplane fuselages to wind-farm propeller blades. Catalyst support structures facilitate high-temperature fuel reforming Jul 27, 2005 9:00 am41 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. -- The catalytic reforming of liquid fuels offers an attractive solution to supplying hydrogen to fuel cells while avoiding the safety and storage issues related to gaseous hydrogen. Existing catalytic support structures, however, tend to break down at the high temperatures needed to prevent fouling of the catalytic surface by soot. Cell mechanics may hold key to how cancer spreads and recurs Aug 6, 2014 9:00 am268 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Cancer cells that break away from tumors to go looking for a new home may prefer to settle into a soft bed, according to new findings from researchers at the University of Illinois. Ceramic microreactors developed for on-site hydrogen production Sep 19, 2006 9:00 am105 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Scientists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have designed and built ceramic microreactors for the on-site reforming of hydrocarbon fuels, such as propane, into hydrogen for use in fuel cells and other portable power sources. Changes in nonextreme precipitation may have not-so-subtle consequences Sep 18, 2017 7:45 am1108 views Major floods and droughts receive a lot of attention in the context of climate change, but University of Illinois researchers analyzed over five decades of precipitation data from North America to find that changes in nonextreme precipitation are more significant than previously realized and larger than those in extreme precipitation. These changes can have a strong effect on ecosystems, agriculture, infrastructure design and resource management, and point to a need to examine precipitation in a more nuanced, multifaceted way. Channel migration plays leading role in river network evolution, study finds Apr 14, 2021 10:00 am741 views Satellite views of Earth’s major river systems reveal their familiar treelike drainage patterns. The pattern – called dendritic – and its prevalence suggests that it may be the optimal state in which rivers exist. Challenged by the knowledge that numerical models of drainage evolution have yet to substantiate this assumption, researchers are now thinking of rivers as existing in a persistent reorganizational state instead of being in a set, stable configuration. Understanding this has implications for land use and infrastructure management decisions. Charged graphene gives DNA a stage to perform molecular gymnastics Oct 9, 2014 9:00 am239 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - When Illinois researchers set out to investigate a method to control how DNA moves through a tiny sequencing device, they did not know they were about to witness a display of molecular gymnastics. Cheap, nontoxic carbon nanodots poised to be quantum dots of the future Mar 8, 2021 2:00 pm1088 views Tiny fluorescent semiconductor dots, called quantum dots, are useful in a variety of health and electronic technologies but are made of toxic, expensive metals. Nontoxic and economic carbon-based dots are easy to produce, but they emit less light. A new study that uses ultrafast nanometric imaging found good and bad emitters among populations of carbon dots. This observation suggests that by selecting only super-emitters, carbon nanodots can be purified to replace toxic metal quantum dots in many applications, the researchers said. Chemical etching method helps transistors stand tall Jul 25, 2016 10:15 am1528 views University of Illinois researchers have developed a way to etch very tall, narrow finFETs, a type of transistor that forms a tall semiconductor “fin” for the current to travel over. Chemical reactions break free from energy barriers using flyby trajectories Jul 15, 2021 10:45 am1782 views A new study shows that it is possible to use mechanical force to deliberately alter chemical reactions and increase chemical selectivity – a grand challenge of the field. Chemicals that keep drinking water flowing may also cause fouling Jul 25, 2018 7:30 am2004 views Many city drinking water systems add softening agents to keep plumbing free of pipe-clogging mineral buildup. According to new research, these additives may amplify the risk of pathogen release into drinking water by weakening the grip that bacteria – like those responsible for Legionnaires’ disease – have on pipe interiors. Chemist Herbert S. Gutowsky, pioneer of MRI, dies at 80 Jan 19, 2000 9:00 am236 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Herbert S. Gutowsky, a professor emeritus of chemistry at the University of Illinois and a pioneer in the field of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, died Jan. 13 at Carle Foundation Hospital in Urbana. He was 80 years old. Chemists document workings of key staph enzyme - and how to block it Jan 18, 2011 9:00 am37 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Researchers have determined the structure and mechanism of an enzyme that performs the crucial first step in the formation of cholesterol and a key virulence factor in staph bacteria. Chemists synthesize molecule that helps body battle cancers, malaria Mar 1, 2005 9:00 am25 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - The first synthesis of QS-21A, a medicinally important molecule that helps the body battle disease, has been achieved by chemists at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.