Approach to school affects how girls compare with boys in math Feb 20, 2006 9:00 am200 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - More women are pursuing higher education and doctoral degrees than ever before, but women still are rare in the math-oriented professions. Yet, researchers say, girls perform just as well as boys on achievement tests and tend to earn better grades in math than do boys during the earlier school years. A professor not afraid to cross academic boundaries Aug 23, 2018 11:30 am952 views Illinois professor Ruby Mendenhall is focused on issues of poverty, inequality and violence, but crosses many academic boundaries in search of answers. Are bats to blame for the coronavirus crisis? Apr 24, 2020 8:15 am3147 views Horseshoe bats in China are a natural wildlife reservoir of SARS-like coronaviruses. Some health experts think wildlife markets – specifically in Wuhan, China – led to the spillover of the new coronavirus into human populations. Though not confirmed, the hypothesis has given bats around the world a bad rap, and public fears of exposure to bats are on the rise. Illinois Natural History Survey wildlife biologist Tara Hohoff, the project coordinator of the Illinois Bat Conservation Program, spoke to News Bureau life sciences editor Diana Yates about bat biology and conservation, and the flying mammals’ role in human health. Are black bears and other large predators returning to Illinois? Jun 23, 2014 9:00 am4425 views A Minute With™... Peggy Doty, who provides educational programs about coexisting with large predators for the University of Illinois Extension. Are honey bees, wild bees still in trouble? Jun 29, 2023 8:00 am805 views A new report reveals that U.S. beekeepers lost roughly half of the honey bees they managed last year. In an interview, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign entomology professor Adam Dolezal describes the current status of bees in the U.S. Are Illinois farmers aware of the risk of tick-borne diseases? Apr 5, 2023 9:30 am1002 views Illinois Ph.D. candidate Sulagna Chakraborty describes awareness of ticks and tick-borne disease among Illinois farmers. Are insect populations rising with Earth's temperature? Sep 15, 2006 9:00 am14 views A Minute With™... U. of I. Extension entomologist Phil Nixon Are science laboratories truly inclusive if not accessible to service-dog handlers? Feb 16, 2021 8:15 am4429 views According to a new commentary in Disability and Health Journal, people with disabilities who rely on service dogs often are prohibited from bringing their working dogs into teaching and research laboratories. This one barrier can stop them from pursuing careers in science, says Joey Ramp, a researcher in the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology and lead author of the commentary. Ramp spoke about the issue with News Bureau life sciences editor Diana Yates. Artificial intelligence and molecule machine join forces to generalize automated chemistry Oct 28, 2022 11:30 am2337 views Artificial intelligence, building-block chemistry and a molecule-making machine teamed up to find the best general reaction conditions for synthesizing chemicals important to biomedical and materials research – a finding that could speed innovation and drug discovery as well as make complex chemistry automated and accessible. Researchers at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign and collaborators in Poland and Canada reported their findings in the journal Science. Artificial intelligence to run the chemical factories of the future Nov 13, 2019 7:30 am1440 views A new proof-of-concept study details how an automated system driven by artificial intelligence can design, build, test and learn complex biochemical pathways to efficiently produce lycopene, a red pigment found in tomatoes and commonly used as a food coloring, opening the door to a wide range of biosynthetic applications, researchers report. As Arctic temperatures rise, tundra fires increase, researchers find Nov 17, 2010 9:00 am141 views CHAMPAIGN, lll. - In September, 2007, the Anaktuvuk River Fire burned more than 1,000 square kilometers of tundra on Alaska's North Slope, doubling the area burned in that region since record keeping began in 1950. A new analysis of sediment cores from the burned area revealed that this was the most destructive tundra fire at that site for at least 5,000 years. Models built on 60 years of climate and fire data found that even moderate increases in warm-season temperatures in the region dramatically increase the likelihood of such fires. As CO2 levels rise, some crop nutrients will fall May 7, 2014 9:00 am509 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Researchers have some bad news for future farmers and eaters: As carbon dioxide levels rise this century, some grains and legumes will become significantly less nutritious than they are today. A sense of control eliminates emotional distortions of time Oct 24, 2012 9:00 am65 views CHAMPAIGN, lll. - We humans have a fairly erratic sense of time. We tend to misjudge the duration of events, particularly when they are emotional in nature. Disturbingly negative experiences, for example, seem to last much longer than they actually do. And highly positive experiences seem to pass more quickly than negative ones. A shortage of livestock veterinarians and its potential effect on human health May 23, 2006 9:00 am113 views A Minute With™... John A. Herrmann, a professor of veterinary clinical medicine Asian tiger mosquito gains ground in Illinois Jun 4, 2020 8:15 am23067 views Researchers report that the Asian tiger mosquito, Aedes albopictus, has become more abundant across Illinois in the past three decades. Its spread is problematic, as the mosquito can transmit diseases – like chikungunya or dengue fever – to humans. Aspiring scientists learning to translate their research into language public understands Apr 3, 2014 9:00 am248 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Communicating the relevance of one's scientific research to general audiences and developing educational outreach programs are critical to the career success of college professors and researchers, but graduate curricula often fail to help students cultivate these essential skills. As the EPA begins to regulate greenhouse gases, climate change has already begun Apr 28, 2009 9:00 am10 views A Minute With™...atmospheric sciences professor Don Wuebbles As the feds restart the FutureGen project in central Illinois, how do we know 'carbon sequestration' really works? Jun 23, 2009 9:00 am21 views A Minute With™... geology professor William Shilts As the population ages, how can Medicare be made sustainable? Feb 28, 2013 9:00 am12 views A Minute With™... Thomas O'Rourke, an emeritus professor of community health At great expense, railroad bypassed first black-founded town in the U.S. Nov 1, 2010 9:00 am1087 views CHAMPAIGN, lll.- Ignoring topography, efficiency, expense and even their own surveyors' recommendations, regional railroad officials in the mid-19th century diverted a new rail line around New Philadelphia, Ill., "the first town in the United States planned, platted and legally registered by an African American," a University of Illinois researcher reports. The bypass pushed what would have been a fairly straight, even run of railroad tracks from Griggsville, Ill. to Hannibal, Mo., in a wide, hilly arc around New Philadelphia. Atomic structure of antifungal drug confirms unusual mechanism, opens door to less-toxic derivatives Dec 9, 2021 10:15 am964 views Advanced molecular imaging technology has now mapped the structure of a drug widely used to treat fungal infections but whose workings have mystified researchers and physicians for nearly 70 years. In a new study, researchers at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, the University of Wisconsin, Madison and the National Institutes of Health described in atomistic detail the structure of the drug amphotericin B, a powerful but toxic antifungal agent. Seeing the structure provides illumination in the researchers’ quest to formulate less-toxic AmB derivatives. Attack or retreat? Circuit links hunger and pursuit in sea slug brain Jan 25, 2012 9:00 am141 views CHAMPAIGN, lll. - If you were a blind, cannibalistic sea slug, living among others just like you, nearly every encounter with another creature would require a simple cost/benefit calculation: Should I eat that, do nothing or flee? Attention, couch potatoes! Walking boosts brain connectivity, function Aug 26, 2010 9:00 am1305 views CHAMPAIGN, lll. - A group of "professional couch potatoes," as one researcher described them, has proven that even moderate exercise - in this case walking at one's own pace for 40 minutes three times a week - can enhance the connectivity of important brain circuits, combat declines in brain function associated with aging and increase performance on cognitive tasks. Author David Quammen to speak about his book featuring microbiologist Carl Woese Sep 20, 2018 8:00 am628 views Author David Quammen will speak at the University of Illinois about his new book, which features the revolutionary work of microbiologist Carl R. Woese. Avian flu, rabies among topics of infectious disease conference at Illinois Apr 13, 2005 9:00 am39 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Asian bird flu and rabies will be among the topics April 21-22 (Thursday-Friday) during the eighth annual Conference on New and Re-Emerging Infectious Diseases hosted by the University of Illinois College of Veterinary Medicine. Avocados change belly fat distribution in women, controlled study finds Sep 3, 2021 9:00 am42411 views An avocado a day could help redistribute belly fat in women toward a healthier profile, according to a new study from the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign and collaborators. One hundred and five adults with overweight and obesity participated in a randomized controlled trial that provided one meal a day for 12 weeks. Women who consumed avocado as part of their daily meal had a reduction in deeper visceral abdominal fat. A warming Midwest increases likelihood that farmers will need to irrigate Jun 18, 2019 8:45 am823 views If current climate and crop-improvement trends continue into the future, Midwestern corn growers who today rely on rainfall to water their crops will need to irrigate their fields, a new study finds. This could draw down aquifers, disrupt streams and rivers, and set up conflicts between agricultural and other human and ecological needs for water, scientists say. Bacterial hole puncher could be new broad-spectrum antibiotic Oct 27, 2015 11:00 am4517 views Bacteria have many methods of adapting to resist antibiotics, but a new class of spiral polypeptides developed at the University of Illinois targets one thing no bacterium can live without: an outer membrane. Bacterial protein fragment kills lung cells in pulmonary fibrosis, study finds Mar 24, 2020 6:00 am24422 views A bacterial protein fragment instigates lung tissue death in pulmonary fibrosis, a mysterious disease affecting millions of people worldwide, according to a new study from researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Mie University in Japan. 'Bad cholesterol' indicates an amino acid deficiency, researcher says Feb 25, 2014 9:00 am15287 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Low-density lipoprotein (LDL), the "bad cholesterol" that doctors consider a sign of potential heart disease, is merely a marker of a diet lacking all of the essential amino acids, says University of Illinois comparative biosciences professor Fred Kummerow, 99, a longtime opponent of the medical establishment's war on cholesterol. Banked blood grows stiffer with age, study finds Sep 5, 2014 9:00 am241 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - It may look like fresh blood and flow like fresh blood, but the longer blood is stored, the less it can carry oxygen into the tiny microcapillaries of the body, says a new study from University of Illinois researchers. Beckman researchers study communication part of language Jan 19, 2006 9:00 am15 views Researchers can get their inspiration from a mentor, or colleague, or perhaps even a lecture that strikes a chord. Psychology researcher Kara Federmeier got hers from her younger brother when she was still in high school. Beckman researchers to study motorist safety with GM grant Apr 23, 2002 9:00 am34 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. The Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign is teaming with General Motors Research & Development and Planning of Warren, Mich., to study driver distractions and how well humans interact with in-vehicle technologies. 'Bee Movie' director to host screening at Insect Fear Film Festival Feb 18, 2008 9:00 am248 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - It's insect fear from the insect's perspective this year at the Insect Fear Film Festival at the University of Illinois, with a free screening of "Bee Movie," hosted by its director, Simon J. Smith. Beliefs about cannabis influence older adults' choice of treatments for chronic pain Jun 17, 2020 7:30 am1621 views Pain levels and quality-of-life issues have little influence on older adults’ decisions to treat chronic pain and other long-term diseases or conditions with cannabis or opioids, a new U. of I. study found. Beneficial arthropods find winter sanctuary in uncultivated field edges, study finds Jun 3, 2021 8:00 am1215 views Many species of ground-dwelling beetles, ladybugs, hoverflies, damsel bugs, spiders and parasitic wasps kill and eat pest species that routinely plague farmers, including aphids and corn rootworm larvae and adults. But the beneficial arthropods that live in or near cropped lands also are susceptible to insecticides and other farming practices that erase biodiversity on the landscape. A new study reveals that beneficial arthropods are nearly twice as abundant and diverse in uncultivated field edges in the spring as they are in areas that are cropped – if those field edges are rich in an array of flowers and other broad-leaved plants and not just mowed grass. Berenbaum named PNAS editor-in-chief Oct 31, 2018 8:30 am1355 views University of Illinois entomology professor and department head May Berenbaum, a member of the National Academy of Sciences and longtime editorial contributor to the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences and other journals, has been appointed editor-in-chief of PNAS, effective Jan. 1. Berenbaum to be honored for efforts in public understanding of science Feb 17, 2010 9:00 am76 views CHAMPAIGN, lll. - University of Illinois entomologist May R. Berenbaum is the 2009 recipient of the Public Understanding of Science and Technology Award from the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Bill & Melinda Gates Agricultural Innovations extends RIPE funding with $34M grant Dec 13, 2022 8:30 am2455 views Bill & Melinda Gates Agricultural Innovations has awarded a grant of $34 million to the Realizing Increased Photosynthetic Efficiency project, an international research effort led by scientists at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. In its 10-year history, RIPE has demonstrated large increases in crop productivity in replicated field trials on the university farm. Biochar may boost carbon storage, but benefits to germination and growth appear scant Jun 19, 2019 8:15 am1622 views Biochar may not be the miracle soil additive that many farmers and researchers hoped it to be, according to a new University of Illinois study. Biochar may boost the agricultural yield of some soils – especially poor quality ones – but there is no consensus on its effectiveness. Researchers tested different soils’ responses to multiple biochar types and were unable to verify their ability to increase plant growth. However, the study did show biochar’s ability to affect soil greenhouse gas emissions. Biologist illuminates unique world of cave creatures Dec 1, 2010 9:00 am264 views CHAMPAIGN, lll. - They are dark, sometimes forbidding landscapes molded by volcanic eruptions or subterranean streams, but caves are also home to a host of creatures strangely adapted to the underworld. Biologist one of five winners of 2003 Damon Runyon Scholar Award Dec 10, 2002 9:00 am63 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Phillip A. Newmark, a researcher in the department of cell and structural biology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, is one of five recipients nationwide of a 2003 Damon Runyon Scholar Award. Biologists discover giant crayfish species right under their noses Jan 19, 2011 9:00 am1290 views CHAMPAIGN, lll. - Two aquatic biologists have proven that you don't have to travel to exotic locales to search for unusual new species. They discovered a distinctive species of crayfish in Tennessee and Alabama that is at least twice the size of its competitors. Its closest genetic relative, once thought to be the only species in its genus and discovered in 1884 about 130 miles away in Kentucky, can grow almost as big as a lobster. Biomedical breakthrough: Carbon nanoparticles you can make at home Jun 18, 2015 10:30 am1111 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — Researchers have found an easy way to produce carbon nanoparticles that are small enough to evade the body’s immune system, reflect light in the near-infrared range for easy detection, and carry payloads of pharmaceutical drugs to targeted tissues. Biomedical breakthrough: Carbon nanoparticles you can make at home Jun 18, 2015 4:15 pm2346 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — Researchers have found an easy way to produce carbon nanoparticles that are small enough to evade the body’s immune system, reflect light in the near-infrared range for easy detection, and carry payloads of pharmaceutical drugs to targeted tissues. Biotechnology 'investment visionary' to speak at Illinois Mar 12, 2004 9:00 am14 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - A longtime leader and promoter of biotechnology will speak about the potential for state and regional development of the industry at 2 p.m. Wednesday (March 17) at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Biotech pioneer to discuss turning innovations into businesses Mar 9, 2010 9:00 am13 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - The founder of a global company that helps turn breakthrough ideas in biotechnology into moneymaking businesses will speak this week at the University of Illinois. Bird flu poses threat to international security, U. of I. scholar says Jan 24, 2006 9:00 am40 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - In the past, when government leaders, policymakers and scholars have turned their attention to peace and security issues, the talk invariably has focused on war, arms control or anti-terrorism strategies. But Julian Palmore believes it's time to expand the scope of the conversation. Birds' eye size offers clues to coevolutionary arms race between brood parasites, hosts Sep 28, 2021 6:00 pm414 views Eye size likely plays a role in the contest between avian brood parasites – birds that lay their eggs in the nests of other species – and their hosts, who sometimes detect the foreign eggs and eject or abandon them, scientists report. Birds find their place in the avian tree of life Dec 11, 2014 4:45 pm361 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — An international effort involving more than 100 researchers, nine supercomputers and about 400 years of CPU time has yielded the most reliable avian tree of life yet produced, researchers report in the journal Science. The tree reflects the evolutionary relationships of 48 species of birds.