blog postsLife SciencesHealthMassive simulation shows HIV capsid interacting with its environmentJul 19, 2017 8:30 am819 views It took two years on a supercomputer to simulate 1.2 microseconds in the life of the HIV capsid, a protein cage that shuttles the HIV virus to the nucleus of a human cell. The 64-million-atom simulation offers new insights into how the virus senses its environment and completes its infective cycle.HealthLife SciencesStudy: Omega-3 fatty acids fight inflammation via cannabinoidsJul 18, 2017 10:00 am1703 views Chemical compounds called cannabinoids are found in marijuana and also are produced naturally in the body from omega-3 fatty acids. A well-known cannabinoid in marijuana, THC, is responsible for some of its euphoric effects, but it also has anti-inflammatory benefits. A new study in animal tissue reveals the cascade of chemical reactions that convert omega-3 fatty acids into cannabinoids that have anti-inflammatory benefits – but without the psychotropic high. HealthEngineeringLife SciencesQuick test finds signs of sepsis in a single drop of bloodJul 3, 2017 7:30 am2650 views A new portable device can quickly find markers of deadly, unpredictable sepsis infection from a single drop of blood.HealthSocial SciencesPaper: New mothers abused by partners at greater risk of suicidal thoughtsJun 30, 2017 9:15 am343 views New mothers who are in abusive relationships are three times more likely to have suicidal thoughts, a new study suggests. Conducted with women in Brazil, the study is among a growing body of research to establish a link between suicidality and intimate partner violence among postpartum women in low- or middle-income countries.HealthLife SciencesStudy identifies key player in heart enlargementJun 27, 2017 10:15 am1040 views The heart is a dynamic muscle that grows and shrinks in response to stressors such as exercise and disease. The secret to its malleability lies in individual cells, which get bigger or smaller depending on the heart’s needs. A new study of mouse hearts reveals a previously unknown mechanism by which heart cells control their size by ramping up or stopping the production of a key factor called PABPC1. The findings, reported in the journal eLife, could assist in the development of therapeutics that promote healthy heart growth and prevent disease.HealthLife SciencesStudies link nutrient, academic achievement in pre-adolescent childrenJun 20, 2017 9:00 am930 views Researchers can look into your eyes to determine whether you’re getting your lutein, a pigment found in green leafy vegetables that is known to accumulate in the brain. Two new studies find that children with higher lutein levels in the eye tend to do better than others on tests of cognition and academic achievement, even after accounting for other factors known to influence academic performance such as IQ, gender, body composition and physical fitness.HealthHerbs, spices on vegetables may increase their appeal to men, young adultsJun 2, 2017 9:30 am444 views Adults who don’t routinely eat vegetables for lunch -- especially men and younger adults -- may be more likely to consume them if the vegetables are seasoned, University of Illinois researchers found in a new study of more than 530 adults.HealthLife SciencesVeterinary MedicineFred A. Kummerow, successful crusader against trans fats, dies at 102Jun 1, 2017 2:45 pm1091 views Fred A. Kummerow, a pioneer in the study of dietary contributors to heart disease who led a decades-long crusade to remove trans fats from the food supply, died Wednesday, May 31, at his home in Urbana, Illinois. He was 102.HealthEngineeringLife SciencesChemical array draws out malignant cells to guide individualized cancer treatmentMay 26, 2017 11:00 am748 views Melanoma is a particularly difficult cancer to treat once it has metastasized, spreading throughout the body. University of Illinois researchers are using chemistry to find the deadly, elusive malignant cells within a melanoma tumor that hold the potential to spread.HealthLife SciencesPhysical SciencesSensors detect disease markers in breathMay 18, 2017 11:45 am1745 views A small, thin square of an organic plastic that can detect disease markers in breath or toxins in a building’s air could soon be the basis of portable, disposable sensor devices. By riddling the thin plastic films with pores, University of Illinois researchers made the devices sensitive enough to detect at levels that are far too low to smell, yet are important to human health.HealthLife SciencesStudies link healthy brain aging to omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids in the bloodMay 18, 2017 8:30 am1948 views Two new studies link patterns of polyunsaturated fatty acids in the blood to the integrity of brain structures and cognitive abilities that are known to decline early in aging.HealthEngineeringPhysical SciencesStudy: Higher mass transit use associated with lower obesity ratesMay 16, 2017 10:30 am2725 views Healthy mass transit systems could contribute to healthier communities, according to a new study by University of Illinois researchers that determined higher mass transit use was correlated with lower obesity rates in counties across the United States.HealthLife SciencesPhysical Sciences‘Molecular prosthetics’ can replace missing proteins to treat diseaseMay 11, 2017 1:00 pm1384 views Researchers have demonstrated that a small molecule can transport iron in human cells and live animals when proteins that normally do the same job are missing, a condition that often causes severe anemia in patients. Such “molecular prosthetics” might treat a host of incurable diseases caused by protein deficiencies, such as anemias, cystic fibrosis or certain types of heart disease.Life SciencesHealthAntibiotic breakthrough: Team discovers how to overcome gram-negative bacterial defensesMay 10, 2017 12:00 pm1508 views Scientists report that they now know how to build a molecular Trojan horse that can penetrate gram-negative bacteria, solving a problem that for decades has stalled the development of effective new antibiotics against these increasingly drug-resistant microbes. The findings appear in the journal Nature.CampusAnnouncementsHealthCarle Illinois College of Medicine announces inaugural facultyMay 3, 2017 9:15 am4754 views The Carle Illinois College of Medicine has announced nearly 100 inaugural faculty members.HealthLife SciencesStudy offers new insight into powerful inflammatory regulatorMay 1, 2017 2:00 pm360 views A new study in mice reveals how a protein called Brd4 boosts the inflammatory response – for better and for worse, depending on the ailment. The study is the first to show that this protein, while problematic in some circumstances, also can protect the body from infection.Life SciencesHealthBrain tissue structure could explain link between fitness and memoryApr 28, 2017 9:15 am1539 views Studies have suggested a link between fitness and memory, but researchers have struggled to find the mechanism that links them. A new study by University of Illinois researchers found that the key may lie in the microstructure of the hippocampus, a region in the middle of the brain involved in memory processes.HealthAgricultureBusinessPaper: Nutrition label readers favor food quality over quantityApr 18, 2017 8:45 am1228 views Although nutrition-label users eat roughly the same amount of food as less-discerning diners, the two groups diverge when it comes to the quality of the food they eat, says a new paper co-written by Brenna Ellison, a professor of agriculture and consumer economics at Illinois and an expert in consumer food preferences and behaviors.Life SciencesAgricultureEngineeringHealthPhysical SciencesSocial SciencesScience at Illinois feeds the world, furthers health, protects the planetApr 17, 2017 8:30 am1138 views Illinois scientists are helping power plants run more efficiently, designing better, longer-lasting batteries, finding new ways to target cancerous tumors, and developing robots that can aid in construction, in agricultural fields and even inside the human body.HealthLife SciencesStudy links brain structure, anxiety and negative bias in healthy adultsApr 13, 2017 10:30 am1266 views Healthy college students who have a relatively small inferior frontal cortex – a brain region behind the temples that helps regulate thoughts and emotions – are more likely than others to suffer from anxiety, a new study finds. They also tend to view neutral or even positive events in a negative light, researchers report.HealthEngineeringLife SciencesNanopores could map small changes in DNA that signal big shifts in cancerApr 12, 2017 10:00 am980 views Detecting cancer early, just as changes are beginning in DNA, could enhance diagnosis and treatment as well as further our understanding of the disease. A new study by University of Illinois researchers describes a method to detect, count and map tiny additions to DNA called methylations, which can be a warning sign of cancer, with unprecedented resolution.HealthLife SciencesStudy of sleep apps finds room for improvementApr 12, 2017 8:30 am869 views An analysis of 35 popular phone-based sleep apps finds that while most help users set sleep-related goals and track and manage their sleep, few make use of other methods known to help the chronically sleep-deprived.HealthEngineeringLife SciencesCRISPR mines bacterial genome for hidden pharmaceutical treasureApr 10, 2017 10:00 am1063 views In the fight against disease, many weapons in the medicinal arsenal have been plundered from bacteria themselves. Using CRISPR-Cas9 gene-editing technology, researchers have now uncovered even more potential treasure hidden in silent genes.HealthSocial SciencesTailored sexual health messages urgently needed for young female tourists, expert saysMar 21, 2017 8:45 am1283 views With both tourism and casual “hookup” sex on the rise among college-age adults, there’s an urgent need for sexual health campaigns aimed at young female tourists who are sexual risk-takers, University of Illinois scholar Liza Berdychevsky suggests.HealthLife SciencesStudy links sulfide-producing bacteria and colon cancer in African-AmericansMar 15, 2017 9:15 am683 views A new study reveals that African-Americans have measurable differences in the number and type of bacteria that live in the colon – and those differences are related to their higher-than-average colon cancer risk.HealthLife SciencesPhysical SciencesStudy: Changing the environment within bone marrow alters blood cell developmentFeb 22, 2017 7:30 am815 views Researchers at the University of Illinois report they can alter blood cell development through the use of biomaterials designed to mimic characteristics of the bone marrow.HealthEngineeringLife SciencesPhysical SciencesTumor-targeting system uses cancer’s own mechanisms to betray its locationFeb 14, 2017 9:00 am2982 views By hijacking a cancer cell’s own metabolism, researchers have found a way to tag and target elusive cancers with small-molecule sugars. This opens treatment pathways for cancers that are not responsive to conventional targeted antibodies, such as triple-negative breast cancer.HealthSocial SciencesCultural, linguistic gaps may deter Latinos from joining health programsFeb 6, 2017 12:30 pm607 views The success of community health interventions targeting Latinos could be hindered by linguistic and cultural gaps unless researchers recognize the diversity that exists among Latino populations and work closely with community members to adapt programming accordingly, a new study led by University of Illinois researchers suggests.HealthLife SciencesStudy tallies extra calories Americans consume in their coffee, teaJan 30, 2017 9:15 am2780 views A new analysis reveals just how much Americans are adding to their caloric intake by spicing up or sweetening their coffee or tea.HealthEngineeringLife SciencesPhysical SciencesTiny exports signal big shifts in cancer tissue, researchers findJan 25, 2017 1:30 pm1103 views Microscopic shifts in metabolism and increases in tiny transport vesicles out of tumor cells preface larger changes to the tumor environment and could prepare the way for cancerous cells to spread and metastasize, University of Illinois researchers report.Expert ViewpointsHealthLawWhat is driving Congress to potentially change Medicaid?Jan 6, 2017 9:30 am798 views Professor Richard Kaplan discusses the impetus behind congressional leaders’ desire to change Medicaid, the health insurance program with more than 74 million enrollees in the U.S.HealthLife SciencesStudy links nutrition to brain health and intelligence in older adultsDec 13, 2016 8:45 am4392 views A study of older adults offers insight into how a pigment found in leafy greens that tends to accumulate in brain tissue may contribute to the preservation of “crystallized intelligence,” the ability to use the skills and knowledge one has acquired over a lifetime.HealthLife SciencesPaper: Enzyme that digests vitamin A also may regulate testosterone levelsDec 6, 2016 1:00 pm526 views An enzyme that converts the dietary carotenoid beta carotene into vitamin A in the body may also regulate testosterone levels and growth of the prostate, researchers at the University of Illinois found in a study. Life SciencesHealthTeam finds new way to attach lipids to proteins, streamlining drug developmentNov 21, 2016 2:00 pm480 views A new study reveals an efficient means of attaching lipids (fat molecules) to peptides (the building blocks of proteins). This can improve the molecules’ drug-delivery capabilities.HonorsAgricultureAnnouncementsEngineeringHealthLife SciencesPhysical SciencesEight Illinois researchers rank among world’s most influentialNov 18, 2016 9:15 am6242 views Eight University of Illinois researchers have been named to the Thomson Reuters / Clarivate Analytics Highly Cited Researchers list for 2016. The list identifies scientists “whose research has had significant global impact within their respective fields of study."Life SciencesHealthYoga practice linked to lower stress, better cognitive performance in older adultsNov 15, 2016 8:30 am469 views Older adults who practiced hatha yoga for 8 weeks were better able to manage stress and performed better on cognitive tests than peers in a stretching and weight-training program, researchers report.Life SciencesHealthLicorice compound interferes with sex hormones in mouse ovary, study findsNov 9, 2016 12:00 pm338 views A study of mouse reproductive tissues finds that exposure to isoliquiritigenin, a compound found in licorice, disrupts steroid sex hormone production in the ovary, researchers report.HealthEducationAdults with disabilities on Medicaid wait list most likely to have unmet service needsOct 6, 2016 1:30 pm934 views Adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities on Illinois’ Medicaid wait list who are minorities, in poor health or unable to speak are more likely to have unmet service needs, a new study by University of Illinois researchers found.HealthSocial SciencesPreschoolers form body images – but parents are unaware, study saysOct 5, 2016 8:45 am1644 views Preschoolers may express awareness about body-image issues – but their parents may miss opportunities to promote positive body-image formation in their children because parents believe them to be too young to have these concerns, new research suggests.HealthLife SciencesScientists identify genes that disrupt response to breast cancer treatmentSep 7, 2016 9:45 am1817 views Scientists at the University of Illinois may have unlocked the genetic code that determines why many patients with estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer fail to respond to the widely used drug tamoxifen.HealthAnnouncementsCampusLi selected as dean and chief academic officer of Carle Illinois College of MedicineAug 30, 2016 9:00 am6053 views Dr. King Li, a renowned researcher, educator, inventor and clinician in molecular imaging and radiology, will become the inaugural dean and chief academic officer of the Carle Illinois College of Medicine effective Oct. 1. Expert ViewpointsHealthHumanitiesWhat does a 1960s epidemic tell us about Zika?Aug 18, 2016 10:30 am3887 views With its easy-to-miss symptoms and link to birth defects, the Zika virus is very similar to German measles (rubella), according to history professor Leslie ReaganHealthLife SciencesReport: People buy most of their junk food at the supermarketAug 9, 2016 9:15 am1032 views An analysis of a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults reveals that access to healthy foods in a supermarket does not hinder Americans’ consumption of empty calories. In fact, the study found, U.S. adults buy the bulk of their sugar-sweetened beverages and nutrient-poor discretionary foods at supermarkets and grocery stores. The findings challenge the "food desert" hypothesis.HealthSocial SciencesRegardless of age, health conditions, many seniors not retired from sexJul 26, 2016 9:15 am683 views Despite societal perceptions that older adults’ love lives are ancient history, many seniors are anything but retired from sex, a new study suggests.HealthLife SciencesVeterinary MedicineScientists test nanoparticle drug delivery in dogs with osteosarcomaJul 25, 2016 2:00 pm3541 views At the University of Illinois, an engineer teamed up with a veterinarian to test a bone cancer drug delivery system in animals bigger than the standard animal model, the mouse. They chose dogs – mammals closer in size and biology to humans – with naturally occurring bone cancers, which also are a lot like human bone tumors.HealthLife SciencesVeterinary MedicineReport: A host of common chemicals endanger child brain developmentJul 1, 2016 9:15 am2724 views In a new report, dozens of scientists, health practitioners and children’s health advocates are calling for renewed attention to the growing evidence that many common and widely available chemicals endanger neurodevelopment in fetuses and children of all ages.CampusHealthHanley-Maxwell named College of Applied Health Sciences deanJul 1, 2016 8:45 am1839 views Cheryl Hanley-Maxwell will join the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign as dean of the College of Applied Health Sciences effective Aug. 16, pending approval by the University of Illinois Board of Trustees.Life SciencesHealthStudy finds brain markers of numeric, verbal and spatial reasoning abilitiesJun 20, 2016 10:00 am1318 views A new study begins to clarify how brain structure and chemistry give rise to specific aspects of what researchers call “fluid intelligence,” the ability to adapt to new situations and to solve problems one has never encountered before.HealthBusinessLife SciencesVeterinary MedicineHuman trials of cancer drug PAC-1 continue with new investmentMay 24, 2016 1:45 pm2807 views Clinical trials of the anti-cancer agent PAC-1 are continuing to expand, thanks to a $7 million angel investment from an anonymous contributor who originally invested $4 million to help get the compound this far in the drug-approval pipeline.HealthLife SciencesFaith-based health promotion program successful with older Latinas, study findsApr 27, 2016 1:15 pm763 views A culturally sensitive lifestyle intervention showed promise at motivating Latinas living in the U.S. to eat better and exercise more by connecting healthy-living behaviors with the lives of saints and prominent religious figures, a new study by University of Illinois kinesiology and community health professor Andiara Schwingel indicates.