blog postsHealthLife SciencesPeople with MS may be more physically fit than tests indicate, study findsOct 29, 2015 9:15 am941 views Conventional methods of assessing cardiorespiratory fitness and muscular strength among people with multiple sclerosis may underestimate participants’ capabilities, prompting clinicians to prescribe exercise therapies that are less effective than they could be, according to new research by scientists at the University of Illinois.Physical SciencesEngineeringHealthLife SciencesBacterial hole puncher could be new broad-spectrum antibioticOct 27, 2015 11:00 am2295 views Bacteria have many methods of adapting to resist antibiotics, but a new class of spiral polypeptides developed at the University of Illinois targets one thing no bacterium can live without: an outer membrane.HealthSocial SciencesGrant funds computer simulation to train social work students, cliniciansOct 27, 2015 10:30 am427 views A federal grant of more than $919,000 from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration will fund one new course at the University of Illinois and support training for clinicians at area agencies in conducting early interventions with people who abuse substances.HealthLife SciencesSocial SciencesHealth care, research failing to adapt to US’ growing multiracial populationOct 12, 2015 10:00 am990 views University of Illinois social work professor Karen Tabb Dina found that multiracial youth who switch racial identities over time report being healthier as young adults than their minority peers who maintain consistent racial identities.HealthLife SciencesRebates a cost-effective way to boost healthy eating among low-income people, study findsOct 6, 2015 10:00 am765 views University of Illinois kinesiology and community health professor Ruopeng An evaluates the cost effectiveness and health impact of the USDA's Healthy Incentives rebate program for SNAP recipients. An, who recommends expanding it nationwide to SNAP recipients, finds that it is likely to nudge people to purchase/consume more fruits and vegetables.CampusEngineeringHealthCommittee to identify, recruit founding dean for Carle Illinois College of MedicineSep 30, 2015 10:00 am2673 views A search committee established to find the Carle Illinois College of Medicine’s inaugural dean will begin its work this month with the goal of naming the dean by spring 2016Expert ViewpointsBusinessHealthWhy food insecurity still hasn't decreased in the U.S.Sep 24, 2015 8:45 am404 views A Minute With...™ U. of I. agricultural economist Craig GundersenSocial SciencesHealthLife SciencesFeeling anxious? Check your orbitofrontal cortex and cultivate your optimism, study suggestsSep 22, 2015 10:00 am2262 views A new study links anxiety, a brain structure called the orbitofrontal cortex, and optimism, finding that healthy adults who have larger OFCs tend to be more optimistic and less anxious.HealthLife SciencesMaternal protein deficiency during pregnancy ‘memorized’ by fetal muscle cellsSep 18, 2015 8:45 am1647 views A new study has uncovered the genetic processes that link insufficient protein consumption during pregnancy with the development of muscle problems in mothers and their male offspring.HealthEngineeringLife SciencesPhysical SciencesSurgical probe seeks out where cancer ends and healthy tissue beginsSep 15, 2015 12:00 pm3024 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. – A new surgical tool that uses light to make sure surgeons removing cancerous tumors “got it all” was found to correlate well with traditional pathologists’ diagnoses in a clinical study, showing that the tool could soon enable reliable, real-time guidance for surgeons.HealthDiet beverage drinkers compensate by eating unhealthy food, study findsSep 11, 2015 12:00 am3474 views Study finds that people who drink diet beverages may compensate by eating additional food that is higher in fat, cholesterol and sodium.HealthLife SciencesGenome mining effort discovers 19 new natural products in four yearsSep 8, 2015 9:30 am2225 views It took a small group of researchers only four years – a blink of an eye in pharmaceutical terms – to scour a collection of 10,000 bacterial strains and isolate the genes responsible for making 19 unique, previously unknown phosphonate natural products, researchers report. Each of these products is a potential new drug. One of them has already been identified as an antibiotic.Physical SciencesEngineeringHealthLife SciencesNew synthetic tumor environments make cancer research more realisticAug 27, 2015 1:00 pm840 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — Tumors are notoriously difficult to study in their natural habitat – body tissues – but a new synthetic tissue environment may give cancer researchers the next-best look at tumor growth and behavior.HealthLife SciencesStudy links physical activity to greater mental flexibility in older adultsAug 24, 2015 8:00 am371 views One day soon, doctors may be able to determine how physically active you are simply by imaging your brain. Studies have shown that physically fit people tend to have larger brain volumes and more intact white matter than their less-fit peers. Now a new study reveals that older adults who regularly engage in moderate to vigorous physical activity have more variable brain activity at rest than those who don’t. This variability is associated with better cognitive performance, the researchers say.HealthLife SciencesThe nonagenarian athlete: Researchers study Olga Kotelko's brainAug 17, 2015 9:00 am375 views In the summer of 2012, Olga Kotelko, a 93-year-old Canadian track-and-field athlete with more than 30 world records in her age group, visited the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology at the University of Illinois and submitted to an in-depth analysis of her brain.HealthLife SciencesStudy links cardiorespiratory fitness, thinner gray matter and better math skills in kidsAug 12, 2015 10:45 am435 views A new study reveals that 9- and 10-year-old children who are aerobically fit tend to have significantly thinner gray matter than their “lower-fit” peers. Thinning of the outermost layer of brain cells in the cerebrum is associated with better mathematics performance, researchers report in the journal PLOS ONE.HealthLife SciencesSimple intervention can moderate anti-vaccination beliefs, study findsAug 3, 2015 9:30 am260 views It might not be possible to convince someone who believes that vaccines cause autism that they don’t. Telling skeptics that their belief is not scientifically supported often backfires and strengthens, rather than weakens, their anti-vaccine views. But researchers say they have found a way to overcome some of the most entrenched anti-vaccine attitudes: Remind the skeptics – with words and images – why vaccines exist.HealthSocial SciencesParents' health literacy affects child weight-loss tactics, study findsJul 28, 2015 11:30 am51 views Parents who have low health literacy are less likely to choose government-recommended weight-loss strategies, such as increasing physical activity or serving more fruits and vegetables, to help their children control their weight than parents who are better able to understand basic health-related information, a new study suggests.HealthSocial SciencesWomen's sexual risk-taking in tourism focus of new studyJul 22, 2015 2:00 pm211 views Relaxing beach vacations are perfect for sexual experimentation with a steady partner, while group tours and sightseeing trips are the ultimate contexts for casual sex with acquaintances or strangers, women said in a new survey.HealthLife SciencesMowing dry detention basins makes mosquito problems worse, team findsJul 22, 2015 8:00 am221 views A study of the West Nile virus risk associated with “dry” water-detention basins in central Illinois took an unexpected turn when land managers started mowing the basins. The mowing of wetland plants in basins that failed to drain properly led to a boom in populations of Culex pipiens mosquitoes, which can carry and transmit the deadly virus, researchers report.HealthEducationSocial SciencesDads' parenting of children with autism improves moms' mental healthJul 14, 2015 11:30 am148 views Fathers who read to their infants with autism and take active roles in caregiving activities not only promote healthy development in their children, they boost moms’ mental health too, new research suggests.Life SciencesEngineeringHealthWhat's in your landscape? Plants can alter West Nile virus riskJul 1, 2015 10:45 am307 views A new study looks at how leaf litter in water influences the abundance of Culex pipiens mosquitoes, which can transmit West Nile virus to humans, domestic animals, birds and other wildlife.HealthLife SciencesStudy: Restaurant meals can be as bad for your waistline as fast food isJul 1, 2015 9:00 am593 views When Americans go out to eat, either at a fast-food outlet or a full-service restaurant, they consume, on average, about 200 more calories a day than when they stay home for meals, a new study reports. They also take in more fat, saturated fat, cholesterol and sodium than those who prepare and eat their meals at home.HealthEngineeringLife SciencesPhysical SciencesNew technology looks into the eye and brings cells into focusJun 22, 2015 11:00 am249 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — Eye doctors soon could use computing power to help them see individual cells in the back of a patient’s eye, thanks to imaging technology developed by engineers at the University of Illinois. Such detailed pictures of the cells, blood vessels and nerves at the back of the eye could enable earlier diagnosis and better treatment for degenerative eye and neurological diseases.HealthEngineeringLife SciencesPhysical SciencesBiomedical breakthrough: Carbon nanoparticles you can make at homeJun 18, 2015 4:15 pm511 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — Researchers have found an easy way to produce carbon nanoparticles that are small enough to evade the body’s immune system, reflect light in the near-infrared range for easy detection, and carry payloads of pharmaceutical drugs to targeted tissues.Veterinary MedicineHealthLife SciencesDrug trials in pet dogs with cancer may speed advances in human oncologyJun 16, 2015 2:00 pm571 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — Pet dogs may be humans’ best friends in a new arena of life: cancer treatment, said University of Illinois veterinary clinical medicine professor Timothy Fan. Physiological similarities between dogs and humans, and conserved genetics between some dog and human cancers, can allow pet dogs to serve as useful models for studying new cancer drugs, he said.HealthSocial SciencesMany older adults going online to discuss, learn about sexJun 10, 2015 10:00 am314 views Forget those ageist stereotypes that senior citizens have little interest in sex and are befuddled by technology. Many older adults are going online to dish about the joys of sex and swap advice about keeping their mojos working well into their twilight years, a new study found.Expert ViewpointsHealthLife Sciences100-year-old trans fat pioneer celebrates news of an FDA banJun 4, 2015 1:00 pm2177 views A Minute With™... Fred Kummerow, trans fat expertPhysical SciencesEngineeringHealthLife SciencesGenome-editing proteins seek and find with a slide and a hopJun 1, 2015 2:00 pm151 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — Searching a whole genome for one particular sequence is like trying to fish a specific piece from the box of a billion-piece puzzle. Using advanced imaging techniques, University of Illinois researchers have observed how one set of genome-editing proteins finds its specific targets, which could help them design better gene therapies to treat disease.HealthLife SciencesPhysical SciencesNew anti-microbial compounds evade resistance with less toxicityJun 1, 2015 1:00 pm52 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — New compounds that specifically attack fungal infections without attacking human cells could transform treatment for such infections and point the way to targeted medicines that evade antibiotic resistance.HealthLife SciencesOmega-3 fatty acids enhance cognitive flexibility in at-risk older adultsMay 19, 2015 1:00 pm185 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — A study of older adults at risk of late-onset Alzheimer’s disease found that those who consumed more omega-3 fatty acids did better than their peers on tests of cognitive flexibility – the ability to efficiently switch between tasks – and had a bigger anterior cingulate cortex, a brain region known to contribute to cognitive flexibility.EducationHealthNew mobile app expands the outreach of SAWBO videosMay 15, 2015 12:30 pm13 views Whether the need is to educate people in West Africa about preventing Ebola or to train farmers in Latin America on preventing postharvest loss, Scientific Animations without Borders has an app – and an animated video – for that.Physical SciencesHealthLife SciencesTiny silicone spheres come out of the mistMay 6, 2015 1:15 pm91 views Technology in common household humidifiers could enable the next wave of high-tech medical imaging and targeted medicine, thanks to a new method for making tiny silicone microspheres developed by chemists at the University of Illinois.HealthHumanitiesLife SciencesHealth issues in Africa to be focus of conferenceMay 4, 2015 12:45 pm68 views Infectious disease expert Mosoka P. Fallah, one of five “Ebola fighters” honored as a Person of the Year by Time in 2014, will be among the speakers at an upcoming symposium at the University of Illinois. “Health in Africa and the Post-2015 Millennium Development Agenda,” May 20-22, will explore the health threats and opportunities facing sub-Saharan Africa.Life SciencesHealthReport: Brain-injured patients need therapies based on cognitive neuroscienceApr 29, 2015 2:15 pm160 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — Patients with traumatic brain injuries are not benefiting from recent advances in cognitive neuroscience research – and they should be, scientists report in a special issue of Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences.HealthGene mapping reveals soy's dynamic, differing roles in breast cancerApr 28, 2015 12:45 pm61 views Scientists have mapped the human genes triggered by the phytonutrients in soy, revealing the complex role the legume plays in both preventing and advancing breast cancer.Life SciencesHealthVeterinary MedicineBPA exposure in pregnant mice affects fertility in three generationsApr 15, 2015 9:00 am300 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - When scientists exposed pregnant mice to levels of bisphenol A equivalent to those considered safe in humans, three generations of female mouse offspring experienced significant reproductive problems, including declines in fertility, sexual maturity and pregnancy success, the scientists report in the journal Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology.HealthEngineeringLife SciencesPhysical SciencesNew technique paints tissue samples with lightMar 24, 2015 9:00 am128 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - One infrared scan can give pathologists a window into the structures and molecules inside tissues and cells, enabling fast and broad diagnostic assessments, thanks to an imaging technique developed by University of Illinois researchers and clinical partners.Life SciencesHealthVeterinary MedicineCancer drug first tested in pet dogs begins human trialsFeb 26, 2015 9:00 am529 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - A new drug that prompts cancer cells to self-destruct while sparing healthy cells is now entering phase I clinical trials in humans. The drug, called PAC-1, first showed promise in the treatment of pet dogs with spontaneously occurring cancers, and is still in clinical trials in dogs with osteosarcoma.Expert ViewpointsEngineeringHealthHow big data and engineering will change global health careFeb 5, 2015 4:15 pm16 views We are right now in the early stages of a revolutionary shift from a medical education and delivery model still rooted in the 19th century to one that will fully integrate the rapid advances of technology with human health improvement.ArtsHealthHumanities$2 million Mellon grant to fund three new humanities research groupsJan 9, 2015 9:00 am73 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - The Illinois Program for Research in the Humanities has been awarded a $2,050,000 grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation to create research groups in three emerging areas in the humanities.Life SciencesHealthSmokers, the obese, have markedly higher health care costs than peersJan 6, 2015 9:00 am223 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - A new study finds that smokers and the obese ring up substantially higher annual health care costs than their nonsmoking, non-obese peers. The added costs are highest among women, non-Hispanic whites and older adults, the study reports.HealthEngineeringLife SciencesPhysical SciencesGetting into your head: Gelatin nanoparticles could deliver drugs to the brainDec 23, 2014 9:00 am407 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Stroke victims could have more time to seek treatment that could reduce harmful effects on the brain, thanks to tiny blobs of gelatin that could deliver the medication to the brain noninvasively.Social SciencesHealthWomen with serious mental illness less likely to receive cancer screeningsNov 21, 2014 9:00 am49 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Women with symptoms of serious mental illness are significantly less likely to receive three routine cancer screenings - Pap tests, mammograms and clinical breast exams - than women in the general population, despite being at elevated risk for medical comorbidities and early death, a new study indicates.HealthTeens who mature early at greater risk of depression, study saysNov 19, 2014 9:00 am202 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Youth who enter puberty ahead of their peers are at heightened risk of depression, although the disease develops differently in girls than in boys, a new study suggests.HealthSocial support critical to women's weight-loss efforts, study findsNov 5, 2014 9:00 am488 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Being accountable to another person and receiving social support may be vital in motivating some women to lose weight and keep it off, a new study says.Life SciencesHealthStudy: Many in U.S. have poor nutrition, with the disabled doing worstOct 23, 2014 9:00 am116 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - A new study finds that most U.S. adults fail to meet recommended daily levels of 10 key nutrients, and those with disabilities have even worse nutrition than average.HealthWatching 3-D videos of trees helps people recover from stress, researchers sayOct 21, 2014 9:00 am966 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Writers, outdoor enthusiasts and leaf-peeping tourists have known for centuries that nature has restorative powers that reduce feelings of stress and promote a sense of tranquility.HealthHealth lessons provided by interactive media easier for youth to swallowSep 26, 2014 9:00 am25 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - Lecturing teens to eat their vegetables and get more exercise may not motivate them to adopt healthier habits, as many parents know. But will members of the "Facebook generation" learn to eat their broccoli and take more walks if the messages come from electronic games and peers in videos instead?Social SciencesHealthGender, social orientation affect children's reactions to bullyingSep 24, 2014 9:00 am53 views CHAMPAIGN, Ill. - A new study of nearly 600 third-graders may explain why some children who experience peer victimization develop problems with depression or aggression while other children who also get bullied have healthy emotional and social adjustment.