News Makers

UI chemistry professor Kenneth Suslick was mentioned recently in
various news reports, including a New York Times story citing
scientists' various attempts to achieve cold fusion. According to
the story, Suslick in 1987 led a group of researchers studying a
phenomenon called sonoluminescence, which may yet prove to play a
role in triggering the desired reaction. At the UI, scientists
created clouds of tiny bubbles in a hydrocarbon solvent and
calculated the temperature of the gas in the bubbles to be at
least 9,000 degrees Fahrenheit; recent experiments elsewhere have
yielded even higher temperatures, which could, in theory, ignite
fusion. An Associated Press dispatch detailed Suslick's other
accomplishments using ultrasound to do everything from creating a
new blood substitute to changing the way metal bonds. James
Economy, head of materials science, and art and design professor
Roger Blakely also were quoted in the dispatch. Suslick's current
investigations in sonochemistry were reported in the Dallas
Morning News as well.

Anthropology professor Alma Gottlieb's research was cited in a
New York Times story focusing on the premise that anthropologists
are way ahead of everybody else when it comes to
multiculturalism. The story included a sampling of abstracts
presented at the annual convention of the American
Anthropological Association and listed Gottlieb's paper about how
the Beng people of Africa's Ivory Coast treat babies with colic.

An article in the New York Times Magazine by "Doonesbury" creator
Garry Trudeau drew on research by art history professor Jonathan
Fineberg, whose research on the influence of children's art on
well-known modern artists is the subject of a book and museum
tour planned for this year. Fineberg's work indicates that
artists such as Paul Klee and Wassily Kandinsky may have borrowed
more directly from images originally created by children than
anyone has before been able to prove.

A New York Times story that attempted to trace the origins of a
folk song often titled "In the Pines" mentioned Judith McCulloh's
research of it for a dissertation in 1970. McColloh is executive
editor of the UI Press; her work was published in the Press'
"Music in American Life" series.

In a letter to the editor published by the New York Times, East
Asian languages and literature professor Jahyun Kim Haboush
offered a more complex interpretation of relations between Japan
and Korea than one that had been presented in an article on the
topic. Haboush maintained that the relationship between the two
countries has been "complicated, rich and multidimensional" for
centuries, and that portrayal of Japan as an aggressor and Korea
as a victim is an oversimplified assessment of the situation.

The Wall Street Journal reported on findings of Michael LeRoy,
professor of labor and industrial relations, who conducted a
study of National Labor Relations Board decisions over the past
decade. In 31 percent of the cases LeRoy reviewed, employers
failed to rehire striking workers after the labor disputes had
been resolved. LeRoy also commented on labor practices in a
Chicago Tribune story.

Two op-eds by journalism professor Jerry Landay have been
published in the Christian Science Monitor. In the first, Landay
took the federal government to task for failing to act as a
responsible guardian of the public airwaves; in the second, he
indicated the need for the Federal Communications Commission to
impose more stringent guidelines that would close loopholes many
networks and television stations have been using to get around
the requirements mandated by the Children's Television Act of
1990.

Michael Berube, professor of English and of criticism and
interpretive theory, wrote about the emergence of a new
generation of black intellectuals in an essay published in the
New Yorker. Berube compared the arrival of these new thinkers,
writers and public figures to the wave of New York intellectuals
who appeared on the scene after World War II. Harper's magazine
also published an article Berube titled "Life as We Know It: A
Father, a Son and Genetic Destiny."

Foods and nutrition professor Susan Brewer contributed to a Los
Angeles Times Syndicate dispatch - distributed to newspapers
nationwide - that focused on the appeal of crunchy foods. Brewer
said food chemists are aware that crunchiness - or "fracture-
ability" as they call it - enhances the sensory experience of
eating for some people.

In a Boston Globe story on the proliferation of English as a
common world language, linguistics and education professor Braj
Kachru noted that for every native speaker, there are at least
four non-native speakers for whom English is a second, third or
fourth language. "The spread of English today is unprecedented
and represents a unique linguistic phenomenon," he said.

Josef Lakonishok, the William G. Karnes Professor in Mergers and
Acquisitions in the College of Commerce and Business
Administration, was quoted about the "group-think mentality" of
institutional money managers in a Fortune magazine article, "The
Coming Investor Revolt."

An Associated Press dispatch available to newspapers throughout
the country documented the accomplishments of electrical and
computer engineering professor Nick Holonyak - including his
receipt of the 1995 Japan Prize, that country's highest award for
achievements in science and technology. The Chicago Tribune also
reported on the award.

In another AP dispatch, Linda Duke, audience education director
and lecturer at the Krannert Art Museum, commented on the talents
of Chinese artist Chen Zhongsen, who visited the UI last fall.
The report focused on the artist's unusual ability to create
microcarvings - tiny works of art consisting of images and
calligraphy carved into the surface of various materials.

A Copely News Service dispatch about the state of Illinois'
economy included quotes from John Crihfield, professor of
agricultural economics and professor in the UI's Institute of
Government and Public Affairs. Reporting on results published in
the institute's Flash Index of Economic Growth, Crihfield said,
"There is no sign that expansion is slowing in Illinois. The
fourth quarter has begun with a bang, and if this pace continues,
fourth-quarter results will be very positive."

Numerous faculty and staff members provided source material for
features, op-eds and other reports in the Chicago Tribune. They
have included:
  * John F. Due, professor emeritus of transportation economics,
    who contributed to a story about the revival of short-line
    railroads. Because of their lower costs and more flexible work
    rules, short-line railroads often can handle switching and other
    activities better than the big railroads, Due said.
  * Geography professor John Jakle, whose book, "The Gas Station
    in America" - co-authored by Keith Sculle - was the focus of a
    detailed feature story. The book provides a scholarly look at the
    evolution of the roadside facilities, and, Jakle said, focuses in
    particular on the concepts of "place-product-packaging and
    corporate territoriality."
  * Journalism professor George Albert Gladney, who wrote an op-
    ed that questioned the American public's knowledge of the
    Republican party's "Contract with America" and its influence - or
    lack thereof - on choices made in the voting booth last November.
    Gladney based his arguments on results of a poll conducted by
    students in his public-opinion class.
  * Journalism professor William Berry, who commented in a story
    that profiled Chicago magazine editor Richard Babcock and looked
    at changes in the magazine since Babcock has been at the helm.
    Berry, a former editor at Ebony magazine, noted that crisper,
    shorter articles are among the imprints Babcock has had on his
    publication.
  * English and linguistics professor Dennis Baron, who penned an
    op-ed that considered new words and phrases coined in 1994. His
    vote for best phrase of the year: "Contract with America."
  * William Riley, dean of students, who was interviewed for a
    story about a boom in enrollment in evangelical colleges. Riley
    noted that the type of student attracted to such schools may not
    feel comfortable at large, heterogeneous institutions such as the
    UI, where their beliefs are prone to be challenged.
  * Curriculum and instruction professor Violet Harris, who
    discussed a controversy regarding the choice by the makers of a
    series of historic dolls to represent its only African-American
    doll as an escaped slave girl. A member of the company's advisory
    board, Harris said the book that accompanies the doll was
    carefully researched and reflects changes in the written history
    of slavery, which once depicted slaves as complacent to their
    enslavement.
  * Advertising professor Cele Otnes, whose research of people's
    gift-giving habits was documented in a pre-holiday feature story.
    Otnes found that givers tended to fit five general categories,
    and noted that men tend to buy practical presents because they
    haven't traditionally been socialized to be gift-givers.
  * Alan Parker, chief of staff at the Small Animal Clinic, who
    commented in a story on the growth in the number of specialists
    in the field of veterinary medicine. Sandra Manfra, professor of
    veterinary clinical medicine, also was interviewed for the story,
    as was Nancy Rotzoll, assistant to the dean of students, whose
    dog received dental care provided by Manfra. In addition, Manfra
    was mentioned in an AP feature about veterinarians who specialize
    in dentistry.
  * Jane Ellen Nickell, arts editor at the Krannert Center for
    the Performing Arts, whose name was dropped in the paper's "Inc."
    column. Nickell reported that damage to the center caused by
    vandals Dec. 1 did not stop performances scheduled there that
    evening.
  * Political science professor Brian Sala, who commented on the
    recent transition in power in Congress. Said Sala: "They
    [Gingrich's Republicans] are still fighting the war of the
    minority part. All the things they hated as members of the
    minority party they're going to discover were very effective
    tools for the majority party running the show."

The Chronicle of Higher Education printed an article on the
possible "zero balance" funding by Congress of the Corporation
for Public Broadcasting written by Donald P. Mullally, director
of broadcasting and general manager of WILL-AM-FM-TV. In stating
his arguments in support of public broadcasting, Mullally wrote:
"Educators - particularly the faculty members and presidents of
major universities - cannot afford to remain silent in the
intensifying debate. So far, they have failed to recognize the
extent of their stake in public broadcasting, but if they don't
figure it out soon, and act on it, we will all be the losers."


UIUC -- Inside Illinois -- 1995/02-02-95